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Andalusian Chicken

author
Ava Flores
• Saturday, 10 October, 2020
• 7 min read

This blue feathered chicken comes from the Mediterranean area where it is still found today (although in very small numbers). It is a bird that enjoys its freedom and is very capable of surviving in adverse conditions.

andalusian chicken hen know egg splash laying need
(Source: www.thehappychickencoop.com)

Contents

The Andalusian was imported to England in the 1840s by Leonard Barber and was first exhibited at the Baker Street, London show in 1853. Depending on which sources you read, the Andalusian was widely spread through Devon and Cornwall.

Other sources state that Devon and Cornwall had their own version of blue hens. I can find no information about the ‘blue hens’, but it’s likely that the Andalusian would do well among the rugged areas of those counties.

Legs are clean of feathers and also slate blue in color, there are 4 toes per foot. The ABA classifies the Andalusian as single comb, clean leg.

The unusual thing about the standard is the fact that the only recognized variety is blue. The blue would not exist without the black, splash and white members of the breed due to the genetics, which we will discuss a bit later.

Andalusian hens have little interest in being a mother and rarely sit on their eggs, so you will have to provide your own incubator if you want chicks. The chicks do feather out rapidly and are ready to lay earlier than many other breeds.

andalusians andalusian chickens breeds chicks hatchery mcmurray spanish faced breed rare standard fowl murray andalusia mcmurrayhatchery spain
(Source: www.mcmurrayhatchery.com)

It will not thrive in close confinement and usually resorts to feather picking under those circumstances. The roosters have large combs so will be prime candidates for frostbite if you live in colder areas.

The Blue Andalusian is not a cuddly bird and doesn’t like to be held or picked up. If you want a chicken that is in need of help with conservation and you enjoy the challenges of breeding, this could be an ideal bird.

When you find a good quality specimen of this chicken it really is stunning to behold. Needless to say, getting a bird to this level of perfection takes time and energy, but the results are always worth it.

Otherwise, this is a low maintenance breed that prefers to keep humans at a distance for much of the time. This breed of chicken was exhibited for the first time in London at the Baker Street Show and then later towards 1855, it was exported to the USA.

Baby chicks become feathered and mature very quickly with the cockerels showing signs of crowning already at 7 weeks old. One of the main distinctions of the Andalusian chicken breed is the blue coloring of the plumage.

chicken andalusian
(Source: www.youtube.com)

All feathers should be a clear bluish-slate color, markedly laced with black or dark blue. Blue Andalusian chickens are produced from crossing black and white birds.

They do well in the colder climates, although their noticeable crown is prone to get frostbite. They don’t really like to be handled, but they are social creatures, curious and talkative and adventurous, known to fly over fences.

They are noisy, outgoing birds, get bored easily and need plenty of diversions. If you handle it correctly, the Andalusian is an outstanding egg layer, out-producing many other chicken breeds.

Egg color white Comb type single Classification APA Mediterranean ABA single comb and clean legged EE yes PCB rare soft feather: light The Andalusian or Blue Andalusian, Spanish : Andalusia Azul, is a breed of domestic chicken indigenous to the autonomous community of Andalusia in south-west Spain. It is distributed through much of the countryside of Córdoba and Seville, and is concentrated particularly in the area of Terra, which is considered the heartland of the breed.

A very different type of Andalusian, more intensely blue and with blue-laced plumage, was created in England from birds imported from Andalusia through selective breeding and cross-breeding with birds of other breeds. Blue chickens from Andalusia were imported to England no later than 1851.

andalusian chickens omlet breed breeds earn upload
(Source: www.omlet.co.uk)

The creation of the “international” type of Andalusian, with blue-laced plumage, is attributed to the English, whether in Andalusia or in Britain. Two breeders in particular are thought to have started this process, which took many years: one named Cole's, from Fare ham, Hampshire, and a certain John Taylor of Shepherd's Bush, in west London.

Andalusian's were shown at Baker Street, London, in January 1853; they were not included in the original Standard of Excellence in 1865. The slate-blue plumage of the Andalusian is caused by a dilution gene, which, in combination with the E gene for black plumage, produces partial dilution of the melanin which gives the black color.

Blue birds occur, in Mendelian proportion, twice as often as each of the other colors. The earlobes of the Andalusian are smooth, white, and almond-shaped; the crest is single and of medium size, with five well-defined points.

The skin is white and the legs and feet are black. British poultry standards: complete specifications and judging points of all standardized breeds and varieties of poultry as compiled by the specialist breed clubs and recognized by the Poultry Club of Great Britain.

^ a b c d e f g Miguel Fernández Rodríguez, Mariano Gómez Fernández, Juan Vicente Delgado Termed, Silvia Adan Belmont, Miguel Jiménez Cabral (eds.) ^ APA Recognized Breeds and Varieties: As of January 1, 2012.

andalusian chickens breeds backyard spitzhauben appenzeller raising flock popular breed omlet theselfsufficientliving earn upload
(Source: theselfsufficientliving.com)

^ List DES race set varieties homologize days LES pays EE (28.04.2013). Entente European d’Agriculture ET DE Agriculture.

(2.3 kg) Male Bantam: 28 oz (795 g) FemaleStandard: 5.5 lb. (2.5 kg) Female Bantam: 24 oz (680 g) Country of origin Spain As the name suggests, this is a chicken that originated in the Andalusia region of Spain.

One interesting theory, based on some history papers, says that a very similar chicken is described in ancient Rome. This is information that we are unlikely to ever know, mostly because it is likely that the bulk of breeds that went into the Andalusian died out a long time ago.

The part of history that we are most concerned with is how they got from Andalusia to the rest of the world. Interestingly, British breeders tried to go in a different direction to the one that was imported.

While it is a rather small bird in the grand scheme of things, this is one of those rare breeds that likes to stand tall and proud. However, there are ways that you can correct this gene through selective breeding.

andalusian chickens week omlet breed upload breeds
(Source: www.omlet.co.uk)

This means that white, black, and fully blue birds are available. Although, do bear in mind that breeding out the trait is only going to be temporary.

However, no matter what, you shouldn’t expect your AndalusianChicken to lay more than 160 eggs per year. However, you cannot rely on the AndalusianChicken to provide consistent egg laying.

However, for the most part, this is going to be quite a friendly breed of chicken for you to enjoy. One of the main reasons as to why people pick up the AndalusianChicken is that they are fantastic to watch.

So if you want a chicken that isn’t necessarily productive, but is going to be fun to watch, then the Andalusian chicken may be a good option for you. The only main issue you will have with the AndalusianChicken will be during the colder months of the year.

However, the problem is that this chicken comb type is going to be on the larger side of things. So, this is one of those breeds of chicken that we wouldn’t raise if you live in an area that gets a lot of snowfall.

chickens andalusian adult orpington height above buff
(Source: anyahs.deviantart.com)

Remember; this is a breed that originated from one of the hottest regions in the world, after all. Other than this, there are not any major issues with the bird, and it is going to be a tremendous amount of fun raising them.

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Sources
1 www.merriam-webster.com - https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/rogue
2 dictionary.cambridge.org - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/rogue
3 www.thefreedictionary.com - https://www.thefreedictionary.com/rogue
4 dictionary.cambridge.org - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/rogue
5 legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com - https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/rogued
6 military.wikia.org - https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Rogue_state