From the eighth to the thirteenth century, the non- Latin forms of intellectual expression were dominant in the area. In his History of Arabic Literature, Hanna Al-Fakhoury cites two main factors as shaping Andalusia society in the early Umayyad period : the mixing of the Arabs with other peoples and the desire to replicate the Maghrib.
Landaus witnessed great deliberation in Urania exegesis, or tapir, from competing schools of jurisprudence, or fiqh. Upon his return from the east, Bali in Mashhad (817-889) unsuccessfully attempted to introduce the Shaft‘I school of fiqh, though In Harm (994-1064) considered Mashhad's exegesis favorable to Tapir Altaba.
It was also heralded by In Harm, a polymath at the forefront of all kinds of literary production in the 11th century, widely acknowledged as the father of comparative religious studies, and who wrote Alisa phi admiral Wei animal (The Separator Concerning Religions, Heresies, and Sects). The Mutazila school and philosophy also developed in landaus, as attested to in the book of In Mural (931).
At first, Andalusia writers mixed history with legend, as ABD alkali In Habit did. The so-called “Syrian chronicle”, a history of events in the latter half of the 8th century, probably written around 800, is the earliest Arabic history of landaus.
It is known today, however, only as the larger part of the 11th-century Akbar magma. The author of the Syrian chronicle is unknown, but may have been Abu Goalie Tam mam in Alabama, who came to landaus with the Syrian army in 741.
Tam mam's descendant, Tam mam in Alabama Altair (d. 896), wrote poetry, including a lost Arjuna on the history of landaus. They later wrote annals in the format of Altaba's text History of the Prophets and Kings, which In SA'd (980) complemented with contemporary annals.
The most important of these was told the history of landaus from the Islamic conquest to the time of the author, as seen in the work of the Umayyad court historian and genealogist Ahmed array (955) News of the Kings of landaus ( ) and that of his son ISA, who continued his father's work and whom In al-Qiyya cited. The most important historical work of this period was Said al-Andalusi's Habitat ul-Umam, which chronicled the history of the Greeks and the Romans as well.
Muwashshah From around the 9th century, the Arab and Hispanic elements of landaus began to coalesce, giving birth to a new Arab literature, evident in the new poetic form: the muwashshah. In the beginning, muwashshah represented a variety of poetic meters and schemes, ending with a verse in Ibero-Romance.
It marked the first instance of language mixing in Arab poetry as well as the syncretism of Arab and Hispanic cultures. The muwashshah remained sung in Standard Arabic although its scheme and meter changed and the Ibero-Romance ending was added.
Some famous examples include Gamma Bad Yatathanna and Jataka Alighieri ”. In spite of its widespread popularity and its favor ability among Mashed critics, the muwashshah remained a form inferior to classical Arabic forms that varied only minimally in the courts of the Islamic west, due to the folksy nature of the muwashshah.
He gave Andalusia society Baghdadi influence. Court poetry followed tradition until the 11th century, when it took a bold new form: the Umayyad caliphs sponsored literature and worked to gather texts, as evidenced in the library of Al-Hakam II.
As a result, a new school of court poets appeared, most important of whom was al-Muafi (982). However, urban Andalusia poetry started with In Array al-Qastalli (1030), under Caliph al-Mansur, who burned the library of Al-Hakam fearing that science and philosophy were a threat to religion.
The political unification of Morocco and landaus under the Almoravid dynasty rapidly accelerated the cultural interchange between the two continents, beginning when Yusuf Bin Fashion sent Alma'Tamil Bin Abbey into exile in Tangier and ultimately Ahmad. Scholars and theologians such as In Barajas were summoned to the Almoravid capital in Marrakesh where they underwent tests.
They sought to disseminate the doctrine of In Tu mart, author of E'AZ Ma Outlaw ( The Most Noble Calling), Marathi al-Muwatta' ( Counterpart of the Mulatto), and Talk his Sahib Muslim ( Compendium of Sahib Muslim). With the continents united under empire, Abu Mayan brought the Andalusia form of Sufism, which combined ascetic mysticism and the study of law, to North Africa.
In Arab, venerated by many Sufi's as ash-Sheikh Akbar, was born in Murcia and studied in Seville. His works, such as the Mecca Revelations, were highly influential.
In Canada, also a native of Murcia, was an influential traditions who studied in the East. He wrote a Sufi treatise, Tree of the Imagination by Which One Ascends to the Path of Intellection, in Murcia.
The polymath and statesman Lisa adding In al-Khatb is regarded as one of the most significant writers of the Madrid period, covering subject such as “history, biography, the art of government, politics, geography, poetics, theology, fiqh, Sufism, grammar, medicine, veterinary medicine, agriculture, music, and falconry.” The last of the poets of landaus before the fall of Granada was In Amtrak.
Much of the literature of the Morison focused on affirming the place of Arabic-speaking Spaniards in Spanish history and that their culture was integral to Spain. A famous example is la Verdafero historian Del Ra don Rodrigo by Miguel de Luna .
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