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Andalusian Lusitano Cross

author
James Smith
• Tuesday, 01 December, 2020
• 11 min read

Learn all about Alpha shows in your region, classes offered, the National Championships, and much more. We hold true to the long and glorious history of this breed and acknowledge the original Andalusian bloodlines which include horses from both Spain and Portugal.

cross andalusian gelding horseclicks horses
(Source: www.horseclicks.com)

Contents

We maintain a registry for Purebred Andalusian's and Half-Andalusians, publish a magazine about them, provide shows for them and generally promote their unique qualities to the world. OSIRIS is an exceptional quality 2019 Luciano | Lipizzaner Cross Colt located in Belvedere, So.

This dynamo has been blessed with an amazing start in life surrounded by a loving family, getting lots of attention and early learning experiences. Even at an early age, Jaguar exhibits articulate features and true breed fidelity.

He has laterals, flying change, giraffe, passage, schooling pirouettes. With his dramatic presence, nobility and powerful physique, Acetic has made an indelible impression on all who meet him.

An opportunity to acquire a number of Pure Spanish Andalusian mares and stallions in Houston TX from a retiring breeder. The original stock was imported from Spain’s top breeder, Miguel Angel Cardenas.

She is an outstanding producer of quality offspring and her pedigree is brimming with the top studs in Spain. 2015 Superb Quality AN CCE (Spanish Studbook) Inscribed Grey Spanish Andalusian Filly This gorgeous PRE filly is ready to claim your heart with her enchanting personality, dazzling movement and conformation.

andalusian cross lusitano golden iberian peninsula known horse commons horses pearl wikimedia wikipedia
(Source: commons.wikimedia.org)

She is correct and super athletic with a pedigree filled with champions from top studs in Spain. Riveting presence, imposing size and stunning gaits are just a few of the qualities of this top tier PRE stallion.

Adam is a well-mannered 17H gentleman with an excellent work ethic preparing for upper level dressage. Soledad, aka Soldier, stands at 16H and is a true gem, a diamond in the rough.

He is sired by our home bred Templar M, bay Indian grandson. Alejandro is an outstanding put together young bay Aztec gelding who looks like a purebred Andalusian.

This versatile performer is well suited for classical or competitive dressage, exhibitions, working equitation, and more. This outstanding quality stallion was imported from Spain’s prestigious Miguel Angel Cardenas stud.

He is sired by the renown Champion of Spain stallion, Classic MAC (AN CCE Qualified). Bandoleer is a noble and very elegant stallion with much to offer the amateur rider or breeder.

cross quarter horse lusitano horses horseclicks ultimate
(Source: www.horseclicks.com)

Hanoverian as her official “Ancestral Equine DNA Report.” She has very Iberian morphology and would have beautiful foals from an Andalusian stallion.

She was terribly beaten up by a reservation mare, and now is in peaceful recovery with my gentle dairy cows on our small pasture.... (read more) However the winters get to 40 below up here at 8K feet, and I would love to find her a lower altitude home before winter kicks in-we have already had 1 snowstorm. She is green-level training and has had some saddle rides by the Indians that I rescued her from, and still needs much time and expert handling.

For me most Andalusian's are recognizable by their head and eyes, their manes, sometimes their color and their back above the tail. Pronunciation: ), in its strictest sense, is a professionalized art-form based on the various folkloric music traditions of Southern Spain in the autonomous communities of Andalusia, Extremaduran and Murcia.

It includes caste (singing), toque (guitar playing), Bailey (dance), paleo (vocalizations), palms (hand clapping) and pits (finger snapping). Exports of Andalusian's from Spain were restricted until the 1960s, but the breed has spread throughout the world, despite their low population.

Strongly built, compact yet elegant, Andalusian's have long, thick manes and tails. A sub-strain within the broad known as the Cartesian is considered to be the purest strain of Andalusian, although there is no genetic evidence for this claim.

lusitano bayo andalusian horse buckskin horses cross uploaded user
(Source: www.pinterest.com)

The strain is still considered separate from the main, but is preferred by breeders because buyers pay more for horses or Cartesian bloodlines. There are several competing registries, keeping records of horses as Andalusian or PRE, but they differ on their definition of the and the purity of various strains of the broad, and the legalities of stud book ownership.

At least one lawsuit is in progress as of 2011, to determine the ownership of the Spanish PRE stud book. The Andalusian is closely related to the Luciano of Portugal, and has many other broads, especially in Europe and the Americas.

Breeds with Andalusian ancestry include many of the warm bloods in Europe as well as western hemisphere broads such as the Aztec. Modern Andalusian's are used for many equestrian activities, including dressage, show jumping and driving.

The Spanish legislation also requires that in order for animals to be approved as either “qualified” or “elite” breeding stock, stallions must stand at least 15.1 hands (61 inches, 155 cm) and mares at least 15 1 4 hands (60.25 inches, 153 cm). Members of the breed have heads of medium length, with a straight or slightly convex profile.

The breed tends to have clean legs, with no propensity for blemishes or injuries, and energetic gaits. The second characteristic is the occasional presence of “horns”, which are frontal bosses, possibly inherited from Asian ancestors.

andalusian warmblood sales brumo
(Source: warmblood-sales.com)

The physical descriptions of the bosses vary, ranging from calcium -like deposits at the temple to small horn-like protuberances near or behind the ear. However, these “horns” are not considered proof of Enclave descent, unlike the tail warts.

In the early history of the breed, certain white markings and whorls were considered to be indicators of character and good or bad luck. Until modern times, horse breeds throughout Europe were known primarily by the name of the region where they were bred.

Thus, the original term Andalusian simply described the horses of distinct quality that came from Andalusia in Spain. The Villeins name has occasionally been applied to modern Andalusian's, but originally referred to heavy, crossbred horses from the mountains north of Jaén.

Some sources state that the Andalusian and the Luciano are genetically the same, differing only in the country of origin of individual horses. In many areas today, the breeding, showing, and registration of the Andalusian and Luciano are controlled by the same registries.

Other organizations, such as The Association of Purebred Spanish Horse Breeders of Spain (Association Nacional de Criadores DE Cabal lo de Pura Gaza Espinoza or AN CCE), use the term “Pure Gaza Espinoza” or PRE to describe the true Spanish horse, and claim sole authority to officially register and issue documentation for PRE Horses, both in Spain and anywhere else in the world. In most of the world the terms Andalusian and “PRE” are considered one and the same breed, but the public position of the AN CCE is that terms such as Andalusian and “Iberian horse” refer only to crossbred, which the AN CCE considers to be horses that lack quality and purity, without official documentation or registration from official Spanish Stud Book.

andalusian cross thoroughbred mare horse horses spanish lusitano lipizzaner horsezone
(Source: www.tophorse.com.au)

They share responsibility for the Purebred Iberian Horse (an Andalusian / Lusitanocross) with the Luciano Association of Australasia. Despite their ancient history, all living Andalusian's trace to a few horses bred by religious orders in the 18th and 19th centuries.

An influx of heavy horse blood beginning in the 16th century, resulted in the dilution of many of the bloodlines; only those protected by selective breeding remained intact to become the modern Andalusian. In 1832, an epidemic seriously affected Spain's horse population, from which only one small herd survived in a stud at the monastery in CARTA.

The purebred Andalusian was not viewed favorably by breeders or the military, and their numbers decreased significantly. Bloodlines in the United States also rely on imported stock, and all American Andalusian's can be traced directly to the stud books in Portugal and Spain.

There are around 8,500 animals in the United States, where the International Andalusian and Luciano Horse Association (Alpha) registers around 700 new purebred foals every year. These numbers indicate that the Andalusian is a relatively rare breed in the United States.

The pure sub-type is rare, as only around 12 percent of the Andalusian horses registered between the founding of the stud book in the 19th century and 1998 were considered Malthusians. They calculated a Fixation index (F ST) based on genealogical information and concluded that the distinction between the two is not supported by genetic evidence.

andalusian spanish cross horse horses horsezone riding
(Source: horsezone.com.au)

The Cartesian line was established in the early 18th century when two Spanish brothers, Andrés and Diego Zamora, purchased a stallion named El Sol dado and bred him to two mares. One of the offspring of El Sol dado, a dark gray colt named Enclave, became the foundation sire of the Cartesian line.

Other animals of these bloodlines were absorbed into the main Andalusian breed; the stock given to the monks was bred into a special line, known as Zamora nos. Throughout the following centuries, the Zamora nos bloodlines were guarded by the Cartesian monks, to the point of defying royal orders to introduce outside blood from the Neapolitan horse and central European breeds.

The original stock of Malthusians was greatly depleted during the Peninsular Wars, and the strain might have become extinct if not for the efforts of the Zapata family. Today, the Cartesian strain is raised in state-owned stud farms around Jerez de la Frontera, Badajoz and Córdoba, and also by several private families.

Cartesian horses continue to be in demand in Spain, and buyers pay high prices for members of the strain. Spain's worldwide military activities between the 14th and 17th centuries called for large numbers of horses, more than could be supplied by native Spanish mares.

Spanish custom also called for mounted troops to ride stallions, never mares or geldings. The name Pure Gaza Espinoza (PRE), translated as “Pure Spanish Horse,” is the term used by the AN CCE, a private organization, and the Ministry of Agriculture of Spain.

wml sonhadora andalusian buckskin mare briosa
(Source: www.jcandalusians.com)

Spain's Ministry of Agriculture recognizes the AN CCE as the representing entity for PRE breeders and owners across the globe, as well as the administrator of the breed stud book. AN CCE functions as the international parent association for all breeders worldwide who record their horses as PRE.

This new registry claims that all of their registered horses trace back to the original stud book maintained by the CIA Caballero, which was a branch of the Spanish Ministry of Defense, for 100 years. As of August 2011, there is a lawsuit in progress to determine the legal holder of the PRE stud book.

The Union de Criadores de Caballos Spangles (CCE or Union of Spanish Horse Breeders) has brought a case to the highest European Union courts in Brussels, charging that the Ministry of Spain's transfer of the original PRE Libra de Origen (the official stud book) from the CIA Caballero to AN CCE was illegal. In early 2009, the courts decided on behalf of CCE, explaining that the CIA Caballero formed the Libra DE Origin.

The court found that by giving AN CCE sole control of the stud book, Spain's Ministry of Defense was acting in a discriminatory manner. Based on the Brussels court decision, an application has been made by the Foundation for the Pure Spanish Horse to maintain the United States stud book for the PRE.

As of March 2011, Spain has not revoked AN CCE's right to be the sole holder of the PRE stud book, and has instead reaffirmed the organization's status. In 1831, horses at five years old were expected to be able to gallop, without changing pace, four or five leagues, about 12 to 15 miles (19 to 24 km).

friesian horses cross andalusian horse buckskin crosses bred appaloosa clydesdale palomino
(Source: www.pinterest.com)

By 1925, the Portuguese military expected horses to “cover 40 km over uneven terrain at a minimum speed of 10 km/h, and to gallop a flat course of 8 km at a minimum speed of 800 meters per minute carrying a weight of at least 70 kg”, and the Spanish military had similar standards. Historically, however, they were also used as stock horses, especially suited to working with Iberian bulls, known for their aggressive temperaments.

Mares were traditionally used for la trill, the Spanish process of threshing grain practiced until the 1960s. Mares, some pregnant or with foals at their side, spent full days trotting over the grain.

As well as being a traditional farming practice, it also served as a test of endurance, hardiness and willingness for the maternal Andalusian lines. The dramatic appearance of the Andalusian horse, with its arched neck, muscular build and energetic gaits, has made it a popular breed to use in film, particularly in historical and fantasy epics.

Andalusian's have been present in films ranging from Gladiator to Interview with the Vampire, and Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life to Brave heart. The horses have also been seen in such fantasy epics as The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, King Arthur, and The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe.

A look back at the 1983 novel and its reframed feminist perspective on the classic male-centric tale of King Arthur. The plot focuses on the romantic relationship between Napoleon and Josephine from 1794 to 1814, only lightly touching on battles and other historical events.

arabian andalusians lusitano offspring test andalusian horse dec saphiro posted
(Source: www.jcandalusians.com)

Executive producer David L. Older, who had previously created prominent miniseries such as North and South (directed by Saffron) and Roots (written by Lee, among others), stated, “The mini-series covers some of Napoleon's military accomplishments, but only as a backdrop to how the love between these two people affected France, the world and, most importantly, Napoleon and Josephine themselves. King Felipe II of Spain is the one who formerly established the breed standard, which has remained almost unchanged since then.

When King Felipe II created the breed standard, he also changed the use of the horse from farm, bull fighting and war, to something more elegant. In 1567, he announced an imperial decree to refine the breed into a high school dressage horse at the Royal Stables of Córdoba.

The second introduction wasn’t until the 1960s and because of expensive import fees, the population has grown slowly. When I made a screenshot of this scene (Ladyship) I found out Tell doesn't ride Napolitana boot It seems a long maned White Andalusian.

While entering the stable (on another location) The horse is changed into a Frisian (socks and movement id different). But the Frisian has a wonderful pass, lifting knees like the Andalusian also does, but more beautiful and slower.

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Sources
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2 www.icy-veins.com - https://www.icy-veins.com/wow/assassination-rogue-pvp-useful-macros
3 www.wowhead.com - https://www.wowhead.com/guides/assassination-rogue-pvp-macros-addons
4 www.skill-capped.com - http://www.skill-capped.com/app.php/macros/show/rogue
5 wowwiki.fandom.com - https://wowwiki.fandom.com/wiki/Useful_macros_for_rogues