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Andalusian Thoroughbred Cross

author
David Lawrence
• Wednesday, 11 November, 2020
• 9 min read

Aria Elm vale, Ontario L0L1P0 CANADA 2019 Bay Iberian Warm blood Filly Spectacular dressage prospect. dollar;7,000For Sale Horse ID:2179819 Aria Elm vale, Ontario L0L1P0 CANADA 2019 Bay Iberian Warm blood Filly Spectacular dressage prospect.

andalusian cross thoroughbred mare horse horses spanish lusitano lipizzaner horsezone
(Source: www.tophorse.com.au)

Contents

dollar;5,500For Sale • May Trade Horse ID:2174340 Granada HDF Brook Park, Minnesota 55007 USA 2009 Grey Andalusian Cross Mare In Foal Beautiful 1/2 Andalusian Aztec D mare by Echos D … Regalia is a son of Axis/Ingrate IX who is line bred through his sire Lubricant III to Agent.

Agent is the most famous Also son from the Nevada Military Stud of Spain. “Lucy” combines some of the best Military/Zscaler bloodlines with superb Thoroughbred racing lineage from her dam.

Palomino Luciano stallion America 2004 stands 16.1. With breeding that goes back to Spanish and North African bloodlines, the Andalusian horse is not a very fast creature, but has excellent gaits.

The heart of the Pure Spanish Horse world is in Andalusia, southern Spain, and ‘ Andalusian is a term that is generally used to describe a Spanish-type equine. In America there is a registry for Andalusian's, which includes Spanish/Portuguese crosses or those which can show Spanish or Portuguese blood.

Andalusian's had to survive some pretty tough times to still be living as a breed today. The photograph on this page is used with kind permission from www.pure-spanish-horse-spain.com which is a website well worth the visit if you would like to find out more on Andalusian and another Spanish horse breed, the Luciano.

cross andalusian gelding horseclicks horses
(Source: www.horseclicks.com)

The owner of two Andalusian horses, the Dutch director Mario Dirk wanted to understand how the lineage of this haughty animal with a gray coat, an affable temperament, who fears neither battlefields nor bulls, could remain intact for six centuries. Winner of an award at the Equus Film Festival in New York, her survey, which was the result of participatory financing, crowns seven years of hard work. Despite the decline of the cavalry, the Napoleonic wars, the departure of the Cartesian monks, this horse did not disappear. On the contrary, it has even become an ideal mount for herding cows or entering bullfighting arenas. His docility has also imposed him in dressage competitions over the last twenty years, where he is gradually gaining ground on his most distinguished rivals, such as the thoroughbred …the fiery subject of Mario Dirk’s next film.

Exports of Andalusian's from Spain were restricted until the 1960s, but the breed has since spread throughout the world, despite their low population. A sub-strain within the breed known as the Cartesian, is considered by breeders to be the purest strain of Andalusian, though there is no genetic evidence for this claim.

The strain is still considered separate from the main breed however, and is preferred by breeders because buyers pay more for horses of Cartesian bloodlines. The Andalusian is closely related to the Luciano of Portugal, and has been used to develop many other breeds, especially in Europe and the Americas.

The physical descriptions of the bosses vary, ranging from calcium-like deposits at the temple to small horn-like protuberances near or behind the ear. Of the remaining horses, approximately 15 percent are bay and 5 percent are black, dun or palomino or chestnut. Other colors, such as buckskin, pearl, and cello, are rare, but are recognized as allowed colors by registries for the breed. In the early history of the breed, certain white markings and whorls were considered to be indicators of character and good or bad luck. Horses with white socks on their feet were considered to have good or bad luck, depending on the leg or legs marked.

Poor elevation, irregular tempo, and excessive winging are discouraged by breed registry standards. In the course of the study, Andalusian's also showed the highest risk of laminates as a medical complication related to the intestinal issues.

thoroughbred andalusian horse cross quixote gelding rescue trabuco canyon hanaeleh
(Source: www.hanaeleh.org)

Although Portuguese historian Run d'Andrade hypothesized that the ancient Sorrier breed was an ancestor of the Southern Iberian breeds, including the Andalusian, genetic studies using mitochondrial DNA shows that the Sorrier is part of a genetic cluster that is largely separated from most Iberian breeds. Throughout history, the Iberian breeds have been influenced by many peoples and cultures who occupied Spain, including the Celts, the Carthaginians, the Romans, various Germanic tribes and the Moors. Because they could read and write, and were thus able to maintain careful records, monastics were given the responsibility for horse breeding by certain members of the nobility, particularly in Spain.

Strict quarantine guidelines prohibited the importation of new Andalusian blood to Australia for many years, but since 1999, regulations have been relaxed and more than half a dozen new horses have been imported. Bloodines in the United States also rely on imported stock, and all American Andalusian's can be traced directly to the stud books in Portugal and Spain. There are around 8,500 animals in the United States, where the International Andalusian and Luciano Horse Association (Alpha) registers around 700 new purebred foals every year.

They calculated a Fixation index (St) based on genealogical information and concluded that the distinction between the two is not supported by genetic evidence. However, there are slight physical differences; Malthusians have more “oriental” or concave head shapes and are more often gray, while non-Carthusians tend toward convex profiles and more often exhibit other coat colors such as bay. The Cartesian line was established in the early 18th century when two Spanish brothers, Andrés and Diego Zamora, purchased a stallion named El Sol dado and bred him to two mares. The mares were descended from mares purchased by the Spanish king and placed at Harangue, one of the oldest horse breeding farms in Spain. One of the offspring of El Sol dado, a dark gray colt named Enclave, became the foundation sire of the Cartesian line.

Other animals of these bloodlines were absorbed into the main Andalusian breed; the stock given to the monks was bred into a special line, known as Zamora nos. Throughout the following centuries, the Zamora nos bloodlines were guarded by the Cartesian monks, to the point of defying royal orders to introduce outside blood from the Neapolitan horse and central European breeds. They did, however, introduce Arabian and Barb blood to improve the strain. The original stock of Malthusians was greatly depleted during the Peninsular Wars, and the strain might have become extinct if not for the efforts of the Zapata family. Today, the Cartesian strain is raised in state-owned stud farms around Jerez de la Frontera, Badajoz and Córdoba, and also by several private families.

Cartesian horses continue to be in demand in Spain, and buyers pay high prices for members of the strain. Influence On Other Breeds Spain's worldwide military activities between the 14th and 17th centuries called for large numbers of horses, more than could be supplied by native Spanish mares.

thoroughbred andalusian
(Source: www.gumtree.com)

Spanish custom also called for mounted troops to ride stallions, never mares or geldings. Due to these factors, Spanish stallions were crossed with local mares in many countries, adding Spanish bloodlines wherever they went, especially to other European breeds. Because of the influence of the later Habsburg families, who ruled in both Spain and other nations of Europe, the Andalusian was crossbred with horses of Central Europe and the Low Countries and thus was closely related to many breeds that developed, including the Neapolitan horse, Groningen, Lipizzaner and Kladruber. Spanish horses have been used extensively in classical dressage in Germany since the 16th century.

“In 1831, horses at five years old were expected to be able to gallop, without changing pace, four or five leagues, about 12 to 15 miles (19 to 24 km). By 1925, the Portuguese military expected horses to “cover 40 km over uneven terrain at a minimum speed of 10 km/h, and to gallop a flat course of 8 km at a minimum speed of 800 meters per minute carrying a weight of at least 70 kg”, and the Spanish military had similar standards. From the very beginning of their history, Andalusian's have been used for both riding and driving.

At the 2002 World Equestrian Games, two Andalusian's were on the bronze-medal winning Spanish dressage team, a team that went on to take the silver medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics. Today, the breed is increasingly being selectively bred for increased aptitude in classical dressage. Historically, however, they were also used as stock horses, especially suited to working with Iberian bulls, known for their aggressive temperaments. They were, and still are, known for their use in mounted bull fighting. Mares were traditionally used for la trill, the Spanish process of threshing grain practiced until the 1960s.

Mares, some pregnant or with foals at their side, spent full days trotting over the grain. As well as being a traditional farming practice, it also served as a test of endurance, hardiness and willingness for the maternal Andalusian lines. Andalusians today are used for show jumping, western pleasure and many other classes at horse shows. The current Traveler, the mascot of the University of Southern California, is an Andalusian. The dramatic appearance of the Andalusian horse, with its arched neck, muscular build and energetic gaits, has made it a popular breed to use in film, particularly in historical and fantasy epics.

Andalusian's have been present in films ranging from Gladiator to Interview with the Vampire, and Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life to Brave heart. The horses have also been seen in such fantasy epics as The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, King Arthur, and The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. In 2006, a rearing Andalusian stallion, ridden by Spanish conquistador Don Juan de Oñate, was recreated as the largest bronze equine in the world.

warmblood dutch cross horses arabian horse bay thoroughbred dark andalusian three proboards
(Source: www.pinterest.com)

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Sources
1 cqha.ca - https://cqha.ca/
2 www.facebook.com - https://www.facebook.com/cndquarterhorseassoc/
3 www.facebook.com - https://www.facebook.com/cndquarterhorseassoc/posts/
4 cqha.ca - https://cqha.ca/about-us/our-history/
5 www3.sympatico.ca - http://www3.sympatico.ca/appaloosa/MH/collecting.htm