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Andalusian Tiles

author
Daniel Brown
• Monday, 28 December, 2020
• 11 min read

Andalusia tile collection is the original Moorish tradition from Granada & Alhambra, Spain but with a modern twist. A tile consists of a fired clay slab whose thickness is thin; one of its two faces is glazed with oxide coloring particles.

tiles andalusian tile andalusia mosaic islamic google spanish ceramic wall area
(Source: www.pinterest.com)

Contents

The first known testimonies about Andalusian tiles (“amulets analyses” in Spanish) come from 1240, when In Said described the work of glazed tiles made in landaus (the name given to the Muslim territory of the Iberian Peninsula during the Christian Reconquista) and applied to the flooring of houses. It was the potters from Malaga who, attracted by the ancestral techniques that Syrians and Persians brought to this city, perfected the use of gold, metallic luster and cobalt blue in ceramics, as well as the use of opaque varnish due to the inclusion of tin oxide in the glaze.

Some well known examples of this kind of tiles are those made with the technique of relief found in the cathedral of Seville and the church of Santa Marina in the same city. Almost 200 years later, in the middle of the 15th century, in the same Spanish city of Seville, it took place the transition to a second great era of Andalusian tiling.

This mold engraves the desired theme and highlights the line of drawing in relief edges, leaving the areas that will receive the color sunk in “basins”. They have achieved enormous success throughout the Spanish region of Andalusia and, although the province of Seville is the main production center, they are also made in the Secant de la Alhambra (in the city of Granada), where it can be found the pottery of the Tenor family, authors of the cladding of the Sale de los Abencerrajes of the Royal House.

In white, cobalt blue, manganese, black, green and gold, this type of tile is present in monuments such as the Old Cathedral of Cobra and the church of the Jerónimo of Contra (Portugal). They evolve from those that imitate lacework to those that look like weaving and brocade, and depict strange animals and characters such as satyrs or unicorns (Carlos V Pavilion of the Alcázar, in Seville).

His procedure facilitates the painting, with suitable pigments, of scenes or altarpieces that present Italianizing compositions on large surfaces formed by tiles. From the hands of this Italian painter emerge beautiful motifs such as the Visitation in the chapel of the Catholic Monarchs in the Alcázar of Seville.

andalusian azulejos wall andaluz tile tiled typical andalusia spanish andaluces patios baldosas andaluzas pared backgrounds architecture fondo craft shutterstock andaluza
(Source: www.istockphoto.com)

Another great ceramist and painter, Cristóbal de Augusta, will follow in the footsteps of Nichols Piano and will leave some large tile skirting boards in the rooms of Carlos V Del Alcázar. He will also create the cloth studied in 2004 by the restorer Juan José Upon, under the altarpiece of Saint John the Evangelist in the convent church of Made de Dios (Mother of God) in Seville.

In the 17th century the flat poly chrome tile kept being produced, although with some clear Baroque influences and a proliferation of devotional themes. At this very moment the so-called “olambrillas” emerged: they were small-sized pieces of tile that included an entire motif and that appear combined with clean bricks (without glazing) in the flooring.

With the passing of time, especially from the 18th century onwards, it became more frequent the panels with images of historical interpretations, such as those found in the women’s hospital in Cadiz or in the Chamber of Deputies of the City Council of Córdoba. However, the most characteristic scenes of this century (in which popular themes are imposed) are the so-called “Monteria” or hunts, with landscape backgrounds as in the splendid example of the stairs of San Juan de Dios in Granada.

And it is in Granada where it was also developed a trend of tiles with stylized floral themes of poppies and birds, which still continues in the wainscots of houses. In all these cases, the polyphony loses protagonism in relation to the brilliance of the past epochs: the main used colors were ocher, manganese, blue and yellow, and practically disappear the green inks, which will reappear later and will predominate in the 19th and 20th centuries in the popular series.

These “alicatados” consist of cutting or scraping monochrome pieces called “slicers” in many forms to adapt them to a previous drawing with modules. In the majority of cases, these compositions present white, green, blue and honey-like colors, or a beautiful set of small tiles with metallic and gold reflections.

andalusian tile seamless spanish ceramic stijl naadloze tegel andalusisch keramische spaanse ce
(Source: www.dreamstime.com)

They were imported from the Orient, where the Persians already knew and perfected these architectural coverings since ancient times, creating elegant tiled walls, borders and floors of the most imposing buildings of landaus. An example of it resides on the simplest compositions of the Torre del Or (Tower of the Gold) in Seville, in whose interior you can contemplate an alternation of green and white rhombuses, which evolve to complicated strap works and star-like shapes.

There are still remains of this splendor in the Quarto Real de Santo Domingo (13th century) in the capital of Granada, with arabesque ornaments. In the Plaza de España (Spain Square) in the city of Seville, the architect Anibal González included these Andalusian tiles with great prodigality, composing beautifully made panels about the most outstanding historical scenes of each Spanish province.

The name of the place, which comes from a gateway to the city, extends to the poly chrome tin pottery so characteristic of this region, in which expressions of Muslim craftsmanship such as metallic luster or dry rope are still maintained. Finally, it needs to be pointed out that over the last six hundred years, ceramic vessels and plates have been irretrievably lost in Andalusia, due to their fragility and low appreciation when they become deteriorated.

Circle squares, triangles, diamonds, hexagons, and octagons... mingle and intertwine gracefully and harmoniously over the tiled walls. The Andalusian genius expresses itself best in geometrical design and composition.

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement; Marble Chip; Polyester Fiber; Sand Installation Location: Kitchen floor Pieces per Carton: 16 Sealing Required: Yes Andalusian Fog Cement Tile in White is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old.

andalusian tile tiles andalusia preview
(Source: www.dreamstime.com)

Tulips B Navy Cement Tile in Blue/White is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old. Note: Cement tiles need to be sealed once or twice, before grouting and general usage.

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement; Sand; Polyester Fiber; Marble Chip Installation Location: Kitchen floor Polish Finish: Matte Pieces per Carton: 16 These Tulips B Holland 8" x 8" Cement Field Wall & Floor Tile is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old.

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement; Marble Chip; Sand; Polyester Fiber Installation Location: Kitchen floor Pieces per Carton: 16 Sealing Required: Yes Note: Cement tiles need to be sealed once or twice, before grouting and general usage.

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement Installation Location: Backslash; Bathroom floor; Bathroom wall; Shower floor; Shower wall; Kitchen floor; Fireplace Surround; Countertop; Outdoor Polish Finish: Matte Pieces per Carton: 16 Tangier Cement Tile in Blue/White is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old.

Note: Cement tiles need to be sealed once or twice, before grouting and general usage. This Tulip Holland Terrazzo 8" x 8" Natural Stone Field Tile is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old.

andalusian tiles cadiz decorate spain wall
(Source: www.dreamstime.com)

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement Installation Location: Backslash; Bathroom floor; Bathroom wall; Shower floor; Shower wall; Kitchen floor; Fireplace Surround; Countertop; Outdoor Polish Finish: Matte Pieces per Carton: 16 Casablanca Cement Tile in Blue/White is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old.

Opens in a new tab Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement Installation Location: Backslash; Bathroom floor; Bathroom wall; Shower floor; Shower wall; Kitchen floor; Fireplace Surround; Countertop; Outdoor Polish Finish: Matte Pieces per Carton: 12 The hand-made nature of cement tile means that no two tiles are alike, with color and pattern variations that give it a beauty similar to natural stone and hardwood surfaces.

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement; Marble Chip; Polyester Fiber; Sand Installation Location: Backslash; Bathroom wall; Kitchen floor; Fireplace Surround Gloss Finish: Matte Pieces per Carton: 16 The hand-made nature of cement tile means that no two tiles are alike, with color and pattern variations that give it a beauty similar to natural stone and hardwood surfaces.

Spark B Cement Tile in Black/White is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old. Note: Cement tiles need to be sealed once or twice, before grouting and general usage.

Spark C Summer Cement Tile in Green/White is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old. Note: Cement tiles need to be sealed once or twice, before grouting and general usage.

andalusian tile lore andalusische fliese tiles cm keramics bagdad 20x20 orientalisch m2 oriental
(Source: www.keramics.com)

Danielle Cement Tile in Blue/White is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old. Note: Cement tiles need to be sealed once or twice, before grouting and general usage.

Taxa Cement Tile in Black/White is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old. Note: Cement tiles need to be sealed once or twice, before grouting and general usage.

Note: Cement tiles need to be sealed once or twice, before grouting and general usage. The hand-made nature of cement tile means that no two tiles are alike, with color and pattern variations that give it a beauty similar to natural stone and hardwood surfaces.

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement Installation Location: Kitchen floor Gloss Finish: Matte Polish Finish: Matte The hand-made nature of cement tile means that no two tiles are alike, with color and pattern variations that give it a beauty similar to natural stone and hardwood surfaces.

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement Installation Location: Kitchen floor Gloss Finish: Matte Polish Finish: Matte The hand-made nature of cement tile means that no two tiles are alike, with color and pattern variations that give it a beauty similar to natural stone and hardwood surfaces.

andalusian tiles pattern cadiz spain form wall
(Source: www.dreamstime.com)

Opens in a new tab Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement Installation Location: Backslash; Bathroom floor; Bathroom wall; Shower floor; Shower wall; Kitchen floor; Fireplace Surround; Countertop; Outdoor Polish Finish: Matte Pieces per Carton: 16 The hand-made nature of cement tile means that no two tiles are alike, with color and pattern variations that give it a beauty similar to natural stone and hardwood surfaces.

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement; Marble Chip; Polyester Fiber; Sand Installation Location: Kitchen floor Pieces per Carton: 16 Sealing Required: Yes The hand-made nature of cement tile means that no two tiles are alike, with color and pattern variations that give it a beauty similar to natural stone and hardwood surfaces.

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement; Marble Chip; Polyester Fiber; Sand Installation Location: Kitchen floor Pieces per Carton: 16 Sealing Required: Yes Code Talker Cement Tile in Black/White is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old.

Spark C May Cement Tile in Pink/White is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old. Note: Cement tiles need to be sealed once or twice, before grouting and general usage.

The hand-made nature of cement tile means that no two tiles are alike, with color and pattern variations that give it a beauty similar to natural stone and hardwood surfaces. The hand-made nature of cement tile means that no two tiles are alike, with color and pattern variations that give it a beauty similar to natural stone and hardwood surfaces.

tiles andalusian wall rows cadiz decorate spain arab detail
(Source: www.dreamstime.com)

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement; Marble Chip; Polyester Fiber; Sand Installation Location: Kitchen floor Pieces per Carton: 12 Sealing Required: Yes Taxa Silver Cement Tile in White/Silver is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old.

Opens in a new tab This cement tile is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old. The hand-made nature of cement tile means that no two tiles are alike, with color and pattern variations that give it a beauty similar to natural stone and hardwood surfaces.

Opens in a new tab This tile is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old. The hand-made nature of cement tile means that no two tiles are alike, with color and pattern variations that give it a beauty similar to natural stone and hardwood surfaces.

Tile Type: Singular Tile Material: Cement; Marble Chip; Polyester Fiber; Sand Installation Location: Kitchen floor Pieces per Carton: 16 Sealing Required: Yes Marrakech Cement Tile in Blue/White is hand-crafted by master artisans using a process over 150 years old.

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