Andalusian Zaghouan

Maria Garcia
• Monday, 14 December, 2020
• 7 min read

Situated on a low ridge of the Dorsal Mountains, the town has a mild climate and presents a green aspect. The town is famous for its roses, originally cultivated by Muslim refugees from Spain in the seventeenth century.

gemerkt berber zaghouan andalusian amazigh jumping called village east around
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On the mountain south of the city is the Roman Water Temple Diesel Calhoun (Temple de Eaux), source of an aqueduct which used to take water to the city of Carthage over 100 km away. The ruins here are illustrated in Fisher's Drawing Room Scrap Book, 1840, as 'Temple and Fountain of Taiwan', the subject of a poem by Letitia Elizabeth Landon.

Dating back to Roman times, Calhoun offers a glimpse of the past through archaeological sites, including the Temple of Water, and gives a taste of adventure through mountain activities such as caving and hiking. Water has always been a hallmark of the region,” said Abdelkader Ben ANIA, a guide in Calhoun.

“The aqueduct testifies to the genius of the people of their time who man­aged to devise an intricate system to transport water.”. “The temple is proof of the im­portance of water in the culture and daily life of the people of this town since ancient times,” Ben ANIA said.

” The aqueduct was often renovated, including a restoration by the French during colonial rule to trans­port water to Tunis. In addition to the Roman ruins, Calhoun includes a beauti­ful old city that showcases Andalusian architecture brought by the Moors, who settled in Zag­houan during the 17th century after fleeing Spain.

Every year, Calhoun has a festival during harvest of the flowers of the plant, the oil of which is believed to offer many benefits. ” The Moors also brought with them a special type of pastry that Calhoun is famous for in Tunisia, the Kayak Parka, made of dough and almonds mixed with the water of the flower of Esri (Rosa Canine), Ben ANIA said.

zaghouan zriba
(Source: naasfilms.com)

Families pass down the music of Malone from one generation to another and there are many groups still active.” In addition to Calhoun ’s rich his­tory, it boasts beautiful landscapes and a mountain famous for caves that are open for ex­ploration. “The mountain of Calhoun reaches 1,295 meters extending over 9 km with stunning cliffs.

Would you recommend this place or activity to a friend looking for an exciting and thrill-seeking experience? YesNoUnsure Cultural Tours Along the way, archeology enthusiasts will appreciate the aqueduct and the site of Sudan, a Punic city that has become Roman.

The villa called 'Liberia' with its thirty rooms on 2,300 m² deserves a special visit for its mosaics, a well-preserved archaeological site includes an astonishing amphitheater which could once accommodate 20,000 spectators.
Then, we will visit the Andalusian Medina of Calhoun, to finish with Suburb Magus, an ancient city that experienced a decline in the middle of the 3rd century before a brilliant renaissance in the 4th century, which led it to proclaim itself Republican Felix Suburb Magus. Aqua (Calhoun) (detail of the theater at Thugs) Immediately behind the town, and towering high over the whole scene, rise the bold and perpendicular masses of the Rebel EZ Caftan.

(.) Here we left our mules, and commenced ascending the loftiest peak, which we found a most laborious and scrambling undertaking; but, reaching the summit, we were amply repaid for our fatigue by the magnificent view which presented itself. Until the beginning of the Sixth century the region surrounding Tunis was known in Europe as Mauritania, a reference to the division of the Province of Africa into Proconsular is Zeugitana and Valeria Byzacena which was implemented by Emperor Diocletian in 285-292. The western limit of Proconsular is Zeugitana was probably placed at Wicca Genera, near the border with today's Algeria while to the east the province ended at Diesel Calhoun, an isolated mountain which stands at the end of a plain south of Tunis and which is an obvious landmark as it is visible from a great distance.

On the following day we went to visit the Kazakh as the ancient temple over the fountain which supplied Carthage with water by means of the aqueduct, is called. Temple When Emperor Hadrian visited Africa in 128 he promoted the construction of a very long aqueduct from Diesel Calhoun and another nearby location to Carthage.

africa water tunis considered zaghouan andalusia wiztours fountain north
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Round the perimeter was a raised colonnade, and at the end, in the middle of the circular portion, was a rectangular cell, which is still tolerably entire. The walls of this latter building are of rubble masonry, but at the extremity there is a niche lined with cut stone, surmounting what may either have been the base of a statue of an emperor or an altar to a divinity.

Probably the former, as the mutilated trunk of such a statue, in white marble, and of colossal size, was actually lying on the ground outside at the time of the writer's visit; this has now disappeared. 1895 Murray Handbook for travelers in Algeria and Tunisia Old guide descriptions are often a useful tool when visiting ancient monuments as they help in identifying additions/reconstructions.

It is certain that we have a most delightful and extensive prospect of the greatest part of the Kingdom from this eminence which might therefore be the place from whence Agathocles (late With century BC tyrant of Syracuse) was entertained with the view of both the country of the Adrumetines (today's Mousse) and Carthaginians. A less elaborate theory suggests that the relief represents a Capricorn's head, a symbol of Legion III Augusta, the Roman legion which was stationed in Africa, and that the gate was built by its troops.

This fine and complex floor mosaic from a Roman villa near Calhoun was moved to the Museum of Bard soon after it was opened in 1888 and it was given a privileged space in the former harem of the palace. The site was probably abandoned until the early Xvii century when Muslims expelled from Spain settled there, similar to what occurred at Test our.

At present Calhoun is said to contain twelve thousand inhabitants, a considerable portion of whom are employed in dying the smashes, or red caps of Tunis ; for its waters possess the peculiar property of imparting to the color additional brilliancy, and of preserving it longer from fading; and it is in part owing to this circumstance that these caps have so great a reputation, and that it has always been found impossible to imitate them. Located 50Km from the capital Tunis and 35Km from the seaside resort of Armament, the city of Calhoun is one of the most beautiful destinations in Tunisia.

zaghouan djebel andalusian temple heritage meet water speleology cave mine association courtesy
(Source: thearabweekly.com)

Known for its natural mineral wealth and above all thermal spa of first choice, this locality, originally Berber, fascinated the Romans who baptized it Aqua (term related to water) before it was occupied by Andalusian refugees in 1609. Confirmation will be received at time of booking Not wheelchair accessible Stroller accessible Not recommended for travelers with back problems Travelers should have a moderate physical fitness level This experience requires good weather.

If you are planning to pass by, start your trip with a light walk at the Rebel Calhoun National park, and then move to the city. The park is famous for hosting one of the tallest mountains of Tunisia, Rebel Calhoun, which peaks are curiously shaped like a laying elephant and a dromedary.

In particular, it is possible to spot three of the most present and important plants of the Tunisian landscape: the dog rose (or Rosa canine), the carob tree and the Aleppo pine. Still, nowadays, its extract is used to compose perfumes and for the preparation of Kayak Parka, typical sweets from the Calhoun region filled with almond paste that look like small donuts.

The national park doesn’t only collect nice plants and an incredible landscape, but it also hosts the remains of the starting point of the Roman aqueduct. It is indeed suggestive to visit the structure and the small thermal temple close by: it makes you feel closer to history and to what life was like hundreds of years ago.

These populations left behind a copious use of colorful tiles, the stylish Arab arches and windows, the Roman mosaics and the lively markets. Calhoun witnessed, in fact, massive migratory flows from Spain, especially by Morison, people who were forced to convert from Islam to Catholicism after the Spanish Reconquista, in 1492.

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The markets clumped in the narrow streets and in the small squares are always fascinating: the way in which goods are exposed and advertised, their quality and their rich diversity are unique. The apriorism is brand new and will treat you like a king: located in the countryside, it has been created just last year: it is composed by a main body, that hosts the kitchens, the congress hall (yes, you can also have business meetings there), a beautiful patio covered by vines and trees, and a small concert space, where musicians will play music during meals and events.

DAR Calhoun, in fact, was created with the double intention of offering an ecological resort and to support circular development. Moreover, it uses original and vintage furniture and architectural elements from the surrounding area: the owner buys wooden pieces hand-decorated from old houses and integrates them in the structure, bringing continuity between the past and present.

Nonetheless, the structure often hosts business meetings and conferences of important organizations and actors, like FAO or the Tunisian Ministers of the Environment, of Culture or of Health. Calhoun and the farm itself show how Tunisia is an eclectic country that is sincerely and deeply attached to its culture and history, but is also projecting itself towards the future and a more sustainable development.

The city is a small beauty, rich in culture and life: it is a pleasure to walk around the old, central streets and see history parading in front of you, on the walls, on the tiles, in the market. Magnificent beaches, beautiful hotels, sporting activities and seafront nightclubs… some many reasons why holiday-makers choose Armament, or its neighbor Nabeel.

But there is also lots to do in the surrounding area: stroll through the villages of Cape On, go trekking in Calhoun, visit a Carthaginian ruin or a medieval fortress. But if you don’t want to spend your whole holiday sunbathing, a large variety of sporting activities are available for you: jet ski, parasailing, catamaran, sea cruises, scuba diving… Children can also take part in suitable activities such as kayaking, windsurfing lessons or games in the mini clubs.

(Source: zaherkammoun.com)

At night, if clubbing is your thing, you will find the best Tunisian and international DJs in the nightclubs of the city. Dine in a rooftop restaurant in the Medina, in an interior courtyard, or in the Yasmine Armament marina.

Finally, there is much to see around the Cape On peninsula which starts to the north of Nabeel: fields and orchards, historical sites, villages and fishing ports... Medina, thermal springs, medieval fortress, Roman or Carthaginian ruins… the region has some things that cannot be missed.

Its minuscule alleyways and houses washed with white and blue lime give it a unique charm. Its inhabitants traditionally practice falconry, taking advantage of the migratory birds who pass through.

You will discover its “grottoes”, old subterranean quarries which open out onto the sea; they allowed stone to be loaded directly onto the ships bound for Carthage. Many archaeological sites are easily accessible from Armament, but also mountains, unusual villages or great historical cities.

Tunis, Carthage and Side BOU Said The capital of Tunisia is both a great historical city and a modern metropolis overflowing with life. Mousse and Monastic Visit the Medina of these two coastal cities who have preserved some superb medieval monuments: ramparts, mosques, rights (mini fortresses once occupied by religious Muslim communities)...

tunis zaghouan tunisia ruins ancient temple north
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Stroll through the traditional atmosphere found in the Medina and visit the charming mausoleum of Side Sahib, nicknamed the “Mosque of the Barber).

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