In Cornwall and Devon, England, similar blue fowls were produced by crossing black and white sports. Standard Description : The modern Andalusian should be very symmetrical, graceful, compact, medium, and stately in carriage.
Male Comb : Single; of medium size, smooth, straight and upright, firm and even on head; evenly and deeply serrated, having five well-defined points, the middle point slightly longer and proportionately broader than the other four; blade following slightly the curve of the neck. Blue Andalusian chickens are unique in three main ways.
But this is important to you because when you order Blue Andalusian chicks, you may end up with some Black and Splash Andalusian chicks instead, which are so cute and wonderful too (you can see photos and videos of them in this article). So, make sure you have free-range conditions or a very large backyard before you order these delightful birds.
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Category: Pet & eggs Origin: Spain Egg-laying ability: Moderate-good Broodiness: Low Meat production: Moderate Cold tolerance: Poor to moderate Heat tolerance: Exceptional Predator evasion: Exceptional Foraging ability: Exceptional Toleration for confinement: Low Temperament: Flighty, active Aggression toward flock members: Low-moderate Noise level: High These chickens were white due to naturally occurring genetic mutations.
The birds had lost their popularity by the middle of the 20th century and became exceedingly rare. But in recent years, the Blue Andalusian has gained popularity as a show bird.
The feather pattern isn’t a solid color, but is blue laced, meaning the feathers are outlined by a darker shade of blue. When BlueAndalusians breed, 50% of their offspring are blue, 25% are black, and 25% are white or splash.
The Splash chickens are mostly white with blue or black splotches. Many hatcheries sell the Black and Splash Andalusian's as BlueAndalusians,” so you may end up with these other varieties.
Blue Andalusian chickens have medium-sized single combs with five points. In hens, only the first (i.e., front) point is upright, and the other four flop over to the side.
Below is a video that shows you Blue Andalusian chicks together with their black, white, and splash siblings. Males may start crowing as early as 7 weeks of age.
Blue Andalusian chickens are overall good layers of white eggs. Unlike many breeds, they tend to continue laying throughout the winter.
Broodiness: Do Blue Andalusian hens want to hatch their eggs? Blue Andalusian hens tend not to have any interest in sitting on and hatching eggs.
Originally bred for egg production, the broodiness trait is mostly eliminated. Unfortunately, Blue Andalusian chickens have combs and wattles that are very sensitive to frostbite.
You will find many sources that say that Andalusian's are very hardy in cold climates. Roosters are most prone to frostbite with their much larger comb and wattles.
These radiant heaters are designed to keep chickens’ combs warm in cold winters, particularly during the night. BlueAndalusians are also very vocal birds, and will sound the alarm for their flock mates at any hint of a potential threat.
Chicken keepers who have ignored this truth have found their Andalusian's feather picking and cannibalizing other birds. Make sure you have a large backyard or a free-range setup for these birds.
Check out the video below to see how active Blue Andalusian hens and roosters are, and why they need a large yard like the one shown: Blue Andalusian chickens, like other Mediterranean breeds, are active, alert, and flighty.
As hens are flighty and don’t like to be touched, they likely won’t let your children anywhere near them. They are not a good breed for kids who want to hold chickens, but hens also won’t be aggressive to small children (unless, perhaps, they are completely cornered with no route of escape).
Many chicken keepers have said their roosters are more aggressive towards their hens than their other breeds. And don’t forget that roosters do typically get less aggressive as they age.
These chickens are decent layers of brown eggs, docile, and cold hardy. These birds are sweet, docile, good foragers, cold hardy, and excellent brown egg layers.
Sapphire Gems lay almost 300 eggs a year, twice as many as a Blue Andalusian! The other thing that I love about both Blue Plymouth Rocks and Sapphire Gems is that they are sex-linked chickens.
The map below shows breeders and hatcheries that sell Andalusian chickens. These birds came from Andalusia, about 25 miles from Cadiz, from a Mr. Years de la Frontera.
In 1851, Mr. Cole's of Farnham and Mr. John Taylor of Shepherd’s Bush also imported more. The chicks feather and mature quickly; cockerels will often begin crowing at seven weeks of age.
Each feather should be a clear bluish slate, distinctly laced with a dark blue or black. The best colored Blue Andalusian cockerels are produced by using slightly dark parents of both sexes.
An excellent traditional cross is an Andalusian male over Langerhans females. The Blue Andalusian chicken was recognized by the American Poultry Association as a standard breed in 1874.
Blue Andalusian chickens have long been known in England and the United States. They are magnificent to look at with their graceful, stately carriage and delicately blue -laced plumage; and this marks them as an especially fine breed for exhibition.
Primary use: Eggs, dual purpose, exhibition, Conservation status: Watch list, rare. Temperament: Active and flighty, difficult to contain, likes to free-range.
This breed of chicken was used in the genetic experiments of the famous 19th century monk Gregor Mendel and helped him to understand recessive genetic traits, since two blue birds produce half blue offspring and one quarter each black and white offspring. Andalusian chickens have a single comb, white earlobes and a tall upright stance.
Both the male and female have long deep bodies, clean lead blue shanks and white skin. Andalusian's are closely feathered, active and good layers of large white eggs.
Developed in the Andalusia, Southern Spain, Andalusian's are closely feathered, active and good layers of large white eggs. Lucius Columbia, a Roman agricultural writer, mentioned the Mediterranean fowl breeds in his writings DE Re Rustic.
Also called BlueAndalusians, they commonly have slate- blue colored plumage, but depending upon genetics, they can also be off-white or even black. Their light body shape and their large pointed combs make them well-suited for warmer climates.
Andalusian's are very active foragers, so think twice if you keep your poultry in a coop and run. In 1879 Harrison Weir visited the southern part of Spain, where the district of Andalusia is located, and inquired about the Blue Andalusian chicken.
So it is assumed that this breed has no special connection to Andalusia Spain. Granted it is not uncommon to find blue colored birds in mixed flocks where both black and white birds are found, so it is still not out of the question that the original “Andalusian” came from Spain.
Most likely, the breed was first exported to England via Cadiz, which is in the province of Andalusia. So the best way to produce all blue birds is to breed a splash and a black chicken.
I have found them to be one of the nicest eggs I have eaten as they spend so much time foraging. The shell is chalk white, smooth and very strong, thus standing shipment and handling exceedingly well.
They produce 200 eggs in their first year and remain productive for a long time. They are a large bird with an upright stance, a little taller and bigger than leghorns.
With a white earlobe and brilliant red comb, it has a very striking presence. They are active foragers that like space and really need plenty of land to roam on.
Otherwise, they are hardy and sturdy birds that seem to weather most conditions just fine. Below: BlueAndalusians seem to Mount fast and lose a lot of feathers very quickly.
I have also found that they Mount quickly and lose a lot of their feathers at a time. This fast mounting can mean they need some shelter late in the year as they grow new feathers.
The hens develop fast and begin to lay early at around 5 or 6 months of age. Birds raised early in the season will begin to lay at the in the same year.
I have two hens that are ten years old, still in good condition, that laid few huge eggs early in spring. They are an independent and occasionally aggressive bird that does not tolerate confinement well and prefer to find their own roosting spots.
In my flock I can count on one hand the number of times I have had a broody hen in the last 5 years. When they do hatch a clutch they are good mothers but prefer small broods of six to eight chicks.
Expect to pay upwards of $30 each for sexed growers, $50 for fully grown point of lay hens and as much as $100 for a show quality pair. You can find them by joining a breed society, looking at the rare breeds' survival trust for registered breeders and looking on Facebook for groups specializing in Mediterranean chickens. SHAPE OF MALE: HEAD: Moderately long and deep ; face, full and smooth, fine in texture.
COMB: Single, medium size, smooth, straight and upright; firm and even on the head, evenly and deeply serrated; having five points, the middle point standing directly over the center, being broader at the base and slightly taller than either of the other four; blade slightly following the curve of the neck. Ear-lobes, almond shaped, of moderate size, smooth and free from wrinkles.
NECK: Rather long, well arched with abundant hackles falling well over the shoulders. BACK: Rather long, broad and high at shoulders, sloping downward to the rear of saddle; then rising with an abrupt sweep to tail; slightly narrowing from front to rear; saddle feathers moderately long and abundant.
TAIL: Medium length, full, fairly well spread; main tail feathers carried at an angle of forty degrees above the horizontal; sickles long and well curved; coverts abundant. BODY AND FLUFF: Body; long, well-rounded, medium depth from front to rear; broad at shoulders and slightly narrowing as it approaches the stern.
LEGS AND TOES: Thighs of moderate size, rather long; hock joints showing well below the body line; shanks long, standing well apart; toes straight. COMB: Single, of medium size, evenly and deeply serrated, having five points, the front portion of the comb and the first point standing erect, and the remainder of the comb drooping gradually to one side; fine in texture and free from folds and wrinkles.
BACK: Rather long, broad, and straight, high at shoulders and sloping downward to rear of cushion, gradually narrowing as it approaches the stern, rising with a short sweep to the tail. TAIL: Long, full, medium spread, carried at an angle of forty degrees above horizontal.
BODY AND FLUFF: Body, long, well-rounded, of medium depth from front to rear, broad at shoulders and slightly narrowing as it approaches the stern. LEGS AND TOES; Thighs of moderate size, rather long, hock joints showing well below the body line.
NECK: Ground color, a clear, even, medium shade of slate blue, each feather having a clear, broad and well-defined lacing of a very dark lustrous blue, the lacing gradually widening as it approaches the tip. WINGS: Bows; ground color, clear, even, medium shade of slate blue, each feather having a broad lacing of a dark lustrous blue.
BACK: Ground color, a clear, even, medium shade of slate blue, each feather having a broad, clear, well-defined lacing of a very dark lustrous blue, the lacing gradually widening as it approaches the tip of the feather. Undercover: In all sections a slate blue, the shade varying with degree of lacing.
BODY AND FLUFF: Body, a clear, even, medium shade of slate blue, each feather having a clear and well-defined lacing of darker blue.