These beautiful creatures can bear the harshest terrain yet carry the weight around without breaking a sweat. In the Middle Eastern Countries, the Arabs proudly display their stallions to the world.
Unlike camels who are known for their moody behavior and spitting anger, horses are easy to train and most trusted in the animal world. If the race is on the hard ground of desert, the racehorses will gallop faster compared to the camel as their sprinting speed can reach up to 55 miles per hour while the camel the fastest recorded speed is 21.76 miles per hour.
Also, if you see the body weight, horses are leaner compared to camels who have weaker muscular tendons and bear the weight of water in their humps. One of the main reasons why many people would love to compete in a race with their horses than the camel is because of the behavior.
In my leisure time, I like to play with my cat or sip my long Americano reading my favorite book. They prefer to walk but if they are kicked on and on they can run as fast as a horse(40 miles per hour).
Camel, even-toed ungulates, is domesticated for milk, meat, leather, dung, and transportation. The word “camel” is taken from the Arabic dictionary, meaning beauty.
Their total population has gone up to 14 million and most of them are living in Australia, Asia, and the Middle East. Besides the above-mentioned purposes, camels are kept in the circuses, not to perform but to give people ride.
Camel wrestling is also a cultural thing for the residents of Turkey even though the animal rights organization is not happy but still despite the anger and hate it is still going strong. Camels are powerful runners by nature but there is no way they can compete a horse in speed maybe because of their heavy getup.
But horses get nervous as the ground they are running on is unfamiliar and to sprinkle salt to the wound they can not see anything. As they are running at normal speed, so they don’t get tired as easily as horses do.
But if the ground they are running on suits the camel more the competition is going to get tough as the horse is more likely to sink in the sand. Excessive stored fat, body weight makes running a nut that is probably never going to get cracked.
Camels are domestic animals and their masters have never allowed them to run wild in the desert. Mostly in professional races(that are despised for injuries and killing) camels are running with a rider on their back.
They are carefully bred, nutritioned, and trained to gather more claps in the game. When it comes to running in the desert camels are more likely to win the race against horses as they are used to that environment and their feet just do not sink in the sand.
Riders get several injuries and sometimes even die from falling as the camels keep trampling during the race. Horses are naturally faster and camels are average runners.
The burden at their back, the stored fat, and giant body structure do not just support running, so they find it pretty exhausting. I love to solve equine health care issues and note down in the form of research papers.
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The camel’s hoofs provide grip and traction on varying soil sediments, but notably can withstand long periods of time without any external source of water. It was marred by inhospitable terrain and climate, notably in the southwest, which resembled that of the Middle East with vast deserts, mountain peaks and seemingly impassible rivers.
Davis, who would of course go on to be the President of the Confederate States of America, was known to be forward thinking when it came to military innovations. As chairman of the Senate Committee on Military Affairs he sought approval for the project, and then in 1853 he was appointed Secretary of War.
The expedition was aided by the arrival of one Gwyn ne Harris Heap, Porter's brother-in-law, who happened to be familiar with various languages including Greek and Arabic. More importantly Heap knew the customs of the locations the ship visited during its five-month voyage, and he seemingly helped with the bartering and negotiations.
When the American Civil War broke out in 1861, camels were used to carry mail between Fort Mohave in the New Mexico Territory to New San Pedro in California. However, the commanders at the post had been cavalry men and didn't like the idea of camels doing the job horses had done so well.
Meanwhile, Camp Verde fell into Confederate hands and there are reports that the animals were used to some lesser extent to transport baggage. While there were considerations to continue the use of camels after the Civil War, there were those who opposed it simply because Davis (who later became the Confederate president) initially supported it.
The sales were all approved by Army's Quartermaster-General, Major General Montgomery Mags, who hoped camels might fare better with the civilians. Interestingly, the animals were encountered by the likes of Robert E. Lee before the Civil War when he was the temporary commander of the Department of Texas, and later by a young Douglas MacArthur who saw “an old army camel” as a child.
While racehorses may have a faster sprinting speed, camels have been shown to have much better long-distance endurance than horses. The fastest speed clocked by a horse was 55 miles per hour.
Humans have kept camels for thousands of years because of their extraordinary ability to withstand hunger and thirst for long in the most inhospitable environments. Their ability to flourish in harsh ecological conditions has made them the most favorite domestic animal among the desert dwellers.
They are physiologically and anatomically armed with homeostatic traits which have allowed them to reproduce, survive, and support human life in hostile environments. As a result, camels are highly valued as a source of milk and meat in arid and semi-arid regions where other domestic animals may not survive.
In hot conditions, camels may go for 8-10 days without drinking and may lose up to 30% of their body weight as a result of dehydration. The kidneys play an important role in removing excess water, unwanted nitrogenous metabolites, and maintaining a relative osmotic concentration of blood.
The kidneys of a camel have a long loop of Hence, which increases the osmolality of urine. A camel could drink water equivalent to 1/3 of its body weight, and this could be about 29 gallons, which they can consume within 10 minutes.
The camels can store large volumes of water in their gut for up to 24 hours to avoid diluting the blood. This is one of the most critical evolutionary adaptive traits among the camels during excessive dehydration and high heat load.
The red blood cells or the erythrocytes of a camel have an oval shape, and it is non-nucleated, which makes them withstand huge variation in osmotic pressure without rupturing. Some of these unique adaptations include an artery that branches into a series of blood vessels found at the posterior region of the brain (rate miracle or carotid rate), which come into contact with a network of small venues transporting blood back from the nasal passages.
Through this mechanism, the blood reaching the brain of a camel is 39.16 degrees Fahrenheit cooler compared to the body temperature. As a result, the latent heat of vaporization is taken from the skin, which is a more effective way of cooling besides saving more energy.