Are Horses Cold Blooded

Ava Flores
• Tuesday, 15 December, 2020
• 8 min read

Have you ever heard someone refer to a horse as cold, hot or warm- blooded ? The classification is based on the horse’s temperament and the tasks they perform.

blooded cold horses horse clydesdale myths clydesdales
(Source: www.yurtopic.com)


But the breeders also focused on the horses elegance, frame and pattern maintenance. Their close interaction with people have made the hot blood breeds quite intelligent.

That’s why they require an experienced person to handle and work on their excitable and fired-up temperament. Additionally, hot blood horses are vulnerable to stormy weather.

This is due to their Middle East origin where they are more at home in desert conditions. For many years they were used as a symbol of power and wealth by the North African tribes.

Examples of hot breeds are the Akhal-Teke, Barb, the Thoroughbred, and the Arabians. When talking of hot blood horses many people just refer to the Thoroughbreds and Arabians.

Breeders selected for a breed that would be suitable for pulling wagons, carriages, and plows. The breeding effort over a long time resulted in an animal that is large, strong, muscular, and resistant.

cold horses blooded norway rondane file commons wikimedia
(Source: commons.wikimedia.org)

Given the nature of work they were intended to do, cold bloods had to be calm, gentle, and patient. Medieval soldiers preferred the cold bloods because they were strong.

They would carry heavy armor as well as the soldier and travel long distances. Today, cold bloods are the most popular breeds for riding.

They were bred in harsh climates and are hardy with very heavy bone and feathering. They were bred by crossing the Arabians and Thoroughbreds with carriage or war horses.

Hot bloods are spirited horses with high speed and endurance. Warm bloods are a mixed breed of the cold and hot blooded horses.

This makes the horse very sturdy and strong, but also means that they have less endurance. In other words, cold -bloods were bred to pull farm equipment, not to run for long periods of time.

noriker horse mohrenkopf horses blooded cold warm vs kon poitevin breeds draft pferde percheron austria
(Source: www.equineridge.com)

Shire horses have been important in England since medieval times, when they were used to pulling farm equipment and carry knights wearing heavy armor. Cold -bloods make perfect workhorses, of course, but they are also highly sought after as show animals.

Coldblooded horses, because of their stolid demeanor and great weight are not suitable for sports other than hauling or pulling competitions at farm shows. Their heads and eyes are large, their legs and shoulders massive, for pulling wagons filled with hay or dung or for being in harness.

Built for endurance, these horses tend to have stronger limbs, often with long, thick hair around their lower legs and hooves for added warmth. American Cream Draft Belgian Heavy Draft Black Forest Chestnut Clydesdale Frisian Harbinger Worker Percheron Protein Shire Suffolk Punch Swedish Rennes Horses without a link yet are to be added over the coming months.

The term ‘ Cold Bloods’ is usually used to describe draft (‘draft’ in the USA) horses ; that is, large horses that are bred specifically for heavy, tiring labor such as agricultural work. There are a wide variety of magnificent breeds that fit into this category of horses, but they are all similar in their strength and quiet, dependable temperaments. The title ‘ Cold Blood horses has absolutely nothing do to with blood; it came about as the majority of Cold Blood horses came from the frosty northern regions of the globe as opposed to the arid desert climates in which most of the Hot Blood horse breeds originated.

Click on the ‘read more’ links to find out more about the specific breeds of Cold Blood horses. It was used for not only draft work but for riding as well, unlike many other heavy Cold Blood horses.

(Source: saddleonline.com)

For centuries, it has been used to influence other breeds such as the Oldenburg of Germany and the Dales and Fell ponies of Great Britain. Except for the gorgeous feathering on the lower part of the leg, the Jutland and the Suffolk Punch do look incredibly similar.

During the early years of the twentieth century, stallions of various heavy breeds were imported into Russia from Britain and France. These horses like to do everything slow, and it usually takes them longer to catch on to a lesson or concept.

Depending mainly on the agility and the body size of horses, there are two main types known as cold blood and hot blood. This article explores those differences in relation to their major characteristics.

They have a unique combination of characteristics including size, substance, and refinement. An ideally warm blood would be 162 – 174 centimeters tall at their withers, and their top line is smooth from the poll to tail.

Their conical and large hooves are more round than oval, and most importantly, those are proportionate to the body of the horse. Their gait and jumping skills should be inherited from the parents, therefore the records of the parents’ performance are of higher importance when considering in selecting a Warm blood horse according to the need.

horses coldblood deviantart
(Source: einstein64k.deviantart.com)

They are tall and large with great musculature, and they were originally bred for using in agricultural pursuits such as sloughing and carrying heavy carts. All those characters provide supportive evidence for their extreme power of pulling heavy weights and the usefulness in sloughing.

Usually, the height of Cold blood horses range from 160 to 195 centimeters at their withers. In addition to their unique features, most of the draft horses have feathering on the lower parts of each foot.

For 70 years, Swedish trotter and Rennes breeders have bred selectively to reduce side bone incidence in the country's horse population. One Wattle, DVD, PhD, a senior lecturer in equine medicine at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, and UHF Hedenström, DVD, lecturer at National Equine Education Center Range, conducted a study to find out, and Wattle presented their results at the 2013 International Equine Conference on Laminates and Diseases of the Foot, held Nov. 1-3 in West Palm Beach, Fla.

There was no correlation between side bone and number of race starts, career earnings, running pace, or body size; and Horses raced 52 times on average and exhibited no other hoof lameness other than abscesses,” Wattle said.

The fast hot-bloods, such as many race horses, exhibit more sensitivity and energy, and tend to be high-spirited with a lively temperament The big cold -bloods, such as most draft breeds like the Clydesdale and Shire, are quieter and calmer, and tend to be low-spirited with a calm, patient temperament.

cold horse horses blooded warm clydesdale blood difference vs breed
(Source: horsesandfoals.com)

So ‘hot’ horses will keep their high spirit, but they will get in a more balanced state, and not in a destructive one. And ‘lazy’ horses also have the tendency become the best version of themselves, they start to open up and to team up with their rider.

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1 www.dictionary.com - https://www.dictionary.com/browse/euthanised
2 www.merriam-webster.com - https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/euthanize
3 www.lexico.com - https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/euthanize
4 www.thefreedictionary.com - https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Euthanise
5 en.wikipedia.org - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euthanize