Are Horses Considered Livestock

Daniel Brown
• Saturday, 28 November, 2020
• 27 min read

Now that horses are no longer needed for transportation and farm work, they are often regarded as companion animals. The ASPCA also specifies “species suitable to be companion animals include dogs, cats, horses, rabbits, ferrets, birds, guinea pigs, and select other small mammals, small reptiles and fish.

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The Missouri Horse Council maintains that horses are livestock and “supports the legal definition of all domesticated equines to remain as livestock and opposes the current social trend of referring to them as pets or companion animals.” This is a stance taken by many similar associations in the United States and Canada. Those who make their living as trainers, breeders, dealers and running boarding stables and schools may lose the benefit of being an agricultural endeavor if a horse were regarded solely as a companion animal.

A good deal of research into equine diseases, vaccines and husbandry is government funded. Husbandry and humane treatment laws might not apply if horses were designated companion animals.

Many states are passing limited liability laws, which protect livestock owners and livestock event organizers (like cattle and horse shows) from lawsuits from anyone who is injured by a potentially large and dangerous animal such as a cattle-beast or horse. Considering that most of us do regard our horses not just as companions, but family members, our ultimate goal should be the best possible care, in addition to protecting ourselves.

Currently, the designation of equine as livestock within provincial and federal legislation, regulations, policies, bylaws and rules is inconsistent. This causes confusion that is challenging for producers, owners and custodians and creates disadvantages when compared to other livestock sectors in Canada.

It is hereby submitted industry representatives must be clear and concise to request definition of equine as livestock unilaterally within Canada. A clear designation of equine as livestock would define the realities of commercial and private breeding, owning and attending to the health and welfare of our horses, donkeys and mules.

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The designation is important to ensure equines are not improperly classified as companion animals, similar to household pets. These animals are carefully selected and individually trained for purpose and safety and do not represent a significant percentage of equine in Canada.

Federal regulation of equine and related activities comes under the purview of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AFC) and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CIA). Part of the objective of AFC is to improve and maintain farm income; develop and expand markets; protect the herds and carry out related research.

If livestock status for equine is not recognized there is a possibility of losing the already limited financial support received federally and provincially respecting research, regulation, disaster relief and emergency preparedness. Currently, Canada Revenue Agency recognizes equine owners and breeders who declare income and deduct expenses resultant from owning, breeding and/or marketing as farmers (agriculture).

Currently, equine owners and breeders are treated differently from other livestock producers respecting goods and sales taxes. Taxation son feed and care items is unique compared to other multi-use species such as rabbits, lamas and ostriches etc.

This discrimination may be an unfair financial burden on equine business operators and is inconsistent in the agriculture industry. Livestock owners and others are encouraged to voice an opinion that is based on fact and relative issues as opposed to emotion.

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Livestock is most commonly considered animals kept or raised in a farm or ranch setting and used in a commercial enterprise. The raising of livestock is an agricultural endeavor that promotes the preservation of green space and a way of life that many in today’s society desire.

Even today, horses are still kept and raised on a farm or ranch and are used in a commercial enterprise. The United States horse industry is a major business that makes a significant contribution to the economic well-being of the entire country.

Many state departments of agriculture are also providing valuable assistance to the horse industry through research and regulatory programs. If livestock status is taken away from horses, there is a possibility of losing the already limited financial support equines receive from the USDA for research, regulation, and disaster relief.

Many states are now passing what are commonly referred to as “limited liability laws.” One of the purposes of these state laws is to provide stable owners, equine event organizers, and trail ride organizers protection from lawsuits that may arise if an individual is injured while attending or participating in such an event. However, many of these state laws are not limited only to horses ; they encompass all livestock or farm animals.

Currently, under federal tax law, commercial horse owners and breeders are treated as farmers. The decision to send a horse to a processing facility where it will be slaughtered, like other livestock, for human consumption is a personal one that should not be mandated by law.

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Taking this option away from individuals could make conditions worse for some horses. If a horse cannot be sold at a sale because it may go to a processing facility, it might become a candidate for abuse.

In most cases, county or state laws make it illegal simply to bury a horse on your property or dump the carcass in a landfill due to human health concerns. To some, the cost of disposal for horses might be so high that they are simply left to stand in a field until their death.

These facilities must comply with strict federal and state codes designed for the care of these horses. These codes govern euthanasia, as well as the methods used, and provide for the safety of the meat produced.

2), sending the legislation to the president, who is expected to sign the bill into law this week, according to the American Horse Council. Horse industry highlights include a revised statutory definition that excludes equines from a blanket definition of “pets” and funding for key livestock and international market development programs through Fiscal Year (FY) 2023.

In response to industry messages communicated to Congressional leaders during the past six months, the final conference report states that the bill “clarifies the definition of pet to include certain companion animals, while also providing protections for other animals such as horses, service animals, and emotional support animals.” The revised definition helps preserve the long-standing classification of horses as livestock,” while allowing equines to fall within the scope of property damage subject to compensation within the parameters of the PAWS Act. A preliminary review of the legislation shows that lawmakers are moving in the right direction with respect to funding important animal health programs.

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Click here to sign up for our daily email newsletter to keep up on this and other stories happening in the Thoroughbred industry. While Canadian livestock and poultry often consist of more traditional animals such as cattle, pigs, sheep, chickens and turkeys, Canadian farms raise a host of other livestock and poultry.

On average, “other livestock farm types tend to fall into lower receipts classes. Table 2 Percentage of agricultural operations raising other livestock with gross farm receipts below $10,000, by farm type, Canada, 2016Table summary This table displays the results of Percentage of agricultural operations raising other livestock with gross farm receipts below $10.

The information is grouped by Farm type (appearing as row headers), Percentage of agricultural operations with gross receipts below $10,000 (appearing as column headers). Farm typePercentage of agricultural operations with gross receipts below $10,000Goat41.3Horse and other equine43.2Fur-bearing animal and rabbit20.8Animal combination26.7All other miscellaneous animal30.8 All farm types17.7 Table 4 Percentage of farm operators reporting more than 40 hours per week of on-farm work, by farm type, Canada, 2016Table summary This table displays the results of Percentage of farm operators reporting more than 40 hours per week of on-farm work.

The information is grouped by Farm type (appearing as row headers), Male only, Female only and Male and female, calculated using percent units of measure (appearing as column headers). Farm type Male onlyFemale only Male and femalepercentGoat34.415.150.5Horse and other equine36.619.144.2Fur-bearing animal and rabbit58.87.733.5Animal combination45.98.445.7All other miscellaneous animal48.110.541.5 All farm types60.17.232.7 In 2016, 39,164 agricultural operations reported horses or ponies, a 17.5% decrease from 2011.

In the same period, the number of horses and ponies dropped 25.7% to 291,561 head. Donkeys and mules are often intended to protect flocks of sheep and, occasionally, even herds of cattle.

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The information is grouped by Farm type (appearing as row headers), Number of agricultural operations reporting donkeys and Number of donkeys, calculated using (number) units of measure (appearing as column headers). Farm renumber of agricultural operations reporting donkeysNumber of donkeys(number)Beef and feedlots1,0742,218Horse and other equine8672,456Animal combination6161,364Hay370736Other grain234464All other miscellaneous crop149346Sheep130216. Less prevalent livestock, such as rabbits, elk, llamas and alpacas, and deer, all saw a decrease in the number of animals reported in the 2016 Census, compared with the 2011 Census (Chart 2).

Alberta and Saskatchewan accounted for most reported elk, with a combined 85.3% of animals. In 2016, 50 farms accounted for four-fifths of the 3 million birds reported in other poultry.

The number of ducks in Canada increased 32.2% to 1.7 million birds. The United States accounted for 95.4% of Canada’s duck meat exports in 2016 and saw a 61.0% increase in quantity since 2012.

Mexico, which recently reopened its borders to Canadian poultry, saw an increase in duck meat exports in the first half of 2017 as well. The increase in the number of ducks was largely driven by Ontario and Quebec.

The farm types presented in this document are based on the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (Nails). Crops: hay, field crops, tree fruits or nuts, berries or grapes, vegetables, seed Livestock : cattle, pigs, sheep, horses, game animals, other livestock Poultry: hens, chickens, turkeys, chicks, game birds, other poultry Animal products: milk or cream, eggs, wool, furs, meat Other agricultural products: Christmas trees, sod, greenhouse or nursery products, mushrooms, honey or bees, maple syrup and its products.

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The legislation awaits the signature of President Donald Trump, expected to be signed some time today. Horse industry highlights include a revised statutory definition that excludes equines from a blanket definition of “pets” and provides funding for key livestock and international market development programs through Fiscal Year 2023, according to a legislative update issued by the American Horse Council (AHC).

In response to industry messages communicated to congressional leaders during the past six months, the final conference report states that the bill “clarifies the definition of pet to include certain companion animals, while also providing protections for other animals such as horses, service animals, and emotional support animals.” The revised definition helps preserve the long-standing classification of horses as livestock,” while allowing equines to fall within the scope of property damage subject to compensation within the parameters of the PAWS Act. Officials from the Washington, D.C.-based AHC, which lobbies on behalf of the horse industry, said a preliminary review of the legislation showed lawmakers are moving in the right direction with respect to funding important animal health programs.

So an interesting conversation popped up on a farming Facebook group I am part of. It boiled down to a lot of farmers no longer consider horses livestock. I found it interesting.

However, a lot of provinces no longer allow horse farms to fall under livestock. You can't get farm plates for trucks if you only have horses, you can't get a lot of farm tax credits if you only have horses, and farm calls with the vets don't offer any discounts if its for horses.

Legally, horses are considered livestock when it comes to zoning, laws, and any other “official” interpretation as far as laypeople go. As far as taxes go, people who own “only” horses may not be getting tax breaks simply because their area/state/province does not offer a property/income tax incentive or shelter to someone who raises horses. Most livestock that do receive tax breaks are animals raised solely for food, and there are usually agricultural subsidies in place to encourage people to continue raising food animals, as it keeps the cost of production down.

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When their costs of production (including taxes) goes up, food prices increase, therefore the cost of living has increased- things like salaries and hourly wages must increase too. While still legally livestock, I agree that the perception has changed.

Well, I don't need horses for work or transportation, so for me they are companion animals. Livestock are animals that a sane person would not allow in their home.

I'm totally not sane... and if I could get away with it my two girls would sleep in my bed with me every night :ROFL: But yea... I'm far from sane. I'm certifiably insane :lol: Livestock are animals that a sane person would not allow in their home.

Horses are a little big to bring in the house. Very few people use them for work, transportation, or eat them......in the USA anyway.

So yeah, to me they are a pet I can ride and enjoy nature with. They are livestock, however, as the majority are now used for pleasure/sports the view of where they should be labeled is changing.

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Amish still use them for transportation and farming and you still have ranches that use them to help manage their cow herds. If all I did was board, train, show or pleasure ride, NOPE.

In order to qualify for Farm Tags on my trucks and the Ag Exemption card, I have to have “produce”, so they have to be breeding animals. I also have chickens and sell the eggs and a large veggie patch and sell the organic produce from that too, so I would qualify under those statutes as well, but they've cracked down hard on horses.

Tax wise if you are not making a profit after 3 years (I think, maybe 2) you are considered a hobby farm and can no longer declare it as a business (something the IRS has really been cracking down on lately) thus no longer qualify for a tax id # that allows you to purchase feed & supplies without paying sales tax. But I have sold a snake in the past and I considered that a pet.

For others horses are sport or pleasure, sometimes simple companionship. In NC, you can get a reduced real estate tax if you have 10 or more acres and gross $1000 or more a year from the sale of “agricultural products”, which includes plants, crops, and animals.

If you breed horses and sell them, that is an “agricultural product”. Many horse non-breeders will raise a few cows or goats for sale every year just to generate the $1000 of income to qualify for the reduced tax.

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Animals kept for production of meat, eggs, milk, wool, etc. Sheep in the PARC National DES Coins (France) Livestock is commonly defined as domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.

The term is sometimes used to refer solely to those that are bred for consumption, while other times it refers only to farmed ruminants, such as cattle and goats. The USDA classifies pork, veal, beef, and lamb as livestock and all livestock as red meat.

The breeding, maintenance, and slaughter of livestock, known as animal husbandry, is a component of modern agriculture that has been practiced in many cultures since humanity's transition to farming from hunter-gatherer lifestyles. Animal husbandry practices have varied widely across cultures and time periods, and continues to play a major economic and cultural role in numerous communities.

Intensive animal farming increases the yield of the various commercial outputs, but has also led to negative impacts on animal welfare, the environment, and public health. In particular, livestock, especially beef, dairy and sheep stocks, have out-sized influence on greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture.

Due to these negative impacts, but also for reasons of farming efficiency (see Food vs. feed), one projection argues there will be a large decline of livestock at least some animals (e.g. cattle) in certain countries by 2030, and the book The End of Animal Farming argues that all animal husbandry will end by 2100. This Australian road sign uses the less common term “stock” for livestock.

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Today, the modern meaning of cattle is domesticated bovines, while livestock has a wider sense. United States federal legislation defines the term to make specified agricultural commodities eligible or ineligible for a program or activity.

106–78, Title IX) defines livestock only as cattle, swine, and sheep, while the 1988 disaster assistance legislation defined the term as “cattle, sheep, goats, swine, poultry (including egg-producing poultry), equine animals used for food or in the production of food, fish used for food, and other animals designated by the Secretary.” Dead stock is defined in contradistinction to livestock as “animals that have died before slaughter, sometimes from illness or disease”.

It is illegal in many countries, such as Canada, to sell or process meat from dead animals for human consumption. Animal-rearing originated during the cultural transition to settled farming communities from hunter-gatherer lifestyles.

Animals are domesticated when their breeding and living conditions are controlled by humans. Over time, the collective behavior, lifecycle and physiology of livestock have changed radically.

Many modern farm animals are unsuited to life in the wild. The term livestock is nebulous and may be defined narrowly or broadly.

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Broadly, livestock refers to any breed or population of animal kept by humans for a useful, commercial purpose. Animal Wild ancestor Domestication Utilization Picture HorseTarpan Mongolia Riding, racing, carrying and pulling loads Donkey African wild ass Africa Beast of burden and draft Cattle Eurasian aurochs Eurasia Meat, milk, draft Zebu Indian aurochs Eurasia Milk, meat and draft.

Bali cattleBanteng SE Asia Meat, milk and draft Wild yak Tibet Pack animal, milk, meat and hide Water buffaloed water buffalo India and SE Asia Meat, milk and beast of burden GayalGaur India and Malaysia Beast of burden and draft SheepMouflon Iran and Asia Minor Meat, milk and fleece. GoatBezoar ibex Greece and Pakistan Meat, milk and fleece ReindeerReindeer Eurasia Draft, milk, flesh and hide Bactria camellia Bactria camel Central Asia Riding and racing Arabian camel Thomas' camel North Africa and SW Asia Riding and racing LlamaGuanaco Andes Pack animal and fleece AlpacaGuanaco Andes Fleece Pigswill boar Eurasia Meat Rabbit European rabbit Europe Meat Guinea montane guinea pig Andes Meat Micro- livestock is the term used for much smaller animals, usually mammals.

The two predominate categories are rodents and mesomorphs (rabbits). Even smaller animals are kept and raised, such as crickets and honey bees.

Micro- livestock does not generally include fish (aquaculture) or chickens (poultry farming). Goat family with 1-week-old farrowing site in a natural cave in northern Spain Traditionally, animal husbandry was part of the subsistence farmer's way of life, producing not only the food needed by the family but also the fuel, fertilizer, clothing, transport and draft power.

Killing the animal for food was a secondary consideration, and wherever possible its products, such as wool, eggs, milk and blood (by the Masai) were harvested while the animal was still alive. In the traditional system of translucence, people and livestock moved seasonally between fixed summer and winter pastures; in montane regions the summer pasture was up in the mountains, the winter pasture in the valleys.

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Extensive systems involve animals roaming at will, or under the supervision of a herdsman, often for their protection from predators. Ranching in the Western United States involves large herds of cattle grazing widely over public and private lands.

Similar cattle stations are found in South America, Australia and other places with large areas of land and low rainfall. Ranching systems have been used for sheep, deer, ostrich, emu, llama and alpaca.

In the uplands of the United Kingdom, sheep are turned out on the fells in spring and graze the abundant mountain grasses untended, being brought to lower altitudes late in the year, with supplementary feeding being provided in winter. In rural locations, pigs and poultry can obtain much of their nutrition from scavenging, and in African communities, hens may live for months without being fed, and still produce one or two eggs a week.

At the other extreme, in the more developed parts of the world, animals are often intensively managed ; dairy cows may be kept in zero-grazing conditions with all their forage brought to them; beef cattle may be kept in high density feedlots ; pigs may be housed in climate-controlled buildings and never go outdoors; poultry may be reared in barns and kept in cages as laying birds under lighting-controlled conditions. In between these two extremes are semi-intensive, often family run farms where livestock graze outside for much of the year, silage or hay is made to cover the times of year when the grass stops growing, and fertilizer, feed and other inputs are bought onto the farm from outside.

Livestock farmers have suffered from wild animal predation and theft by rustlers. In North America, animals such as the gray wolf, grizzly bear, cougar, and coyote are sometimes considered a threat to livestock.

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In Eurasia and Africa, predators include the wolf, leopard, tiger, lion, whole, Asiatic black bear, crocodile, spotted hyena, and other carnivores. In South America, feral dogs, jaguars, anacondas, and spectacle bears are threats to livestock.

In Australia, the dingo, fox, and wedge-tailed eagle are common predators, with an additional threat from domestic dogs that may kill in response to a hunting instinct, leaving the carcass uneaten. Good husbandry, proper feeding, and hygiene are the main contributors to animal health on the farm, bringing economic benefits through maximized production.

When, despite these precautions, animals still become sick, they are treated with veterinary medicines, by the farmer and the veterinarian. In the European Union, when farmers treat their own animals, they are required to follow the guidelines for treatment and to record the treatments given.

Animals are susceptible to a number of diseases and conditions that may affect their health. Some, like classical swine fever and scrapie are specific to one type of stock, while others, like foot-and-mouth disease affect all cloven-hoofed animals.

Where the condition is serious, governments impose regulations on import and export, on the movement of stock, quarantine restrictions and the reporting of suspected cases. At one time, antibiotics were routinely added to certain compound foodstuffs to promote growth, but this practice is now frowned on in many countries because of the risk that it may lead to antibiotic resistance.

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Animals living under intensive conditions are particularly prone to internal and external parasites; increasing numbers of sea lice are affecting farmed salmon in Scotland. Reducing the parasite burdens of livestock results in increased productivity and profitability.

Pigs being loaded into their transporting many livestock are herd animals, they were historically driven to market “on the hoof” to a town or other central location. Truck transport is now common in developed countries.

In stock shows, farmers bring their best livestock to compete with one another. Animal husbandry has a significant impact on the world environment.

It is responsible for somewhere between 20 and 33% of the fresh water usage in the world, and livestock, and the production of feed for them, occupy about a third of the earth's ice-free land. Livestock production is a contributing factor in species extinction, desertification, and habitat destruction.

Meat is considered one of the prime factors contributing to the current sixth mass extinction. Animal agriculture contributes to species extinction in various ways.

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Habitat is destroyed by clearing forests and converting land to grow feed crops and for animal grazing, while predators and herbivores are frequently targeted and hunted because of a perceived threat to livestock profits; for example, animal husbandry is responsible for up to 91% of the deforestation in the Amazon region. Livestock production requires large areas of land. In addition, livestock produce greenhouse gases.

The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) has estimated that agriculture (including not only livestock, but also food crop, biofuel and other production) accounted for about 10 to 12 percent of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions (expressed as 100-year carbon dioxide equivalents) in 2005 and in 2010. Cows produce some 570 million cubic meters of methane per day, that accounts for from 35 to 40% of the overall methane emissions of the planet.

Livestock is responsible for 65% of all human-related emissions of the powerful and long-lived greenhouse gas nitrous oxide. As a result, ways of mitigating animal husbandry's environmental impact are being studied.

Global distribution data for cattle, buffaloes, horses, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens and ducks in 2010. The value of global livestock production in 2013 has been estimated at about 883 billion dollars, (constant 2005-2006 dollars). Livestock provide a variety of food and nonfood products; the latter include leather, wool, pharmaceuticals, bone products, industrial protein, and fats.

For many abattoirs, very little animal biomass may be wasted at slaughter. Even intestinal contents removed at slaughter may be recovered for use as fertilizer.

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Livestock manure helps maintain the fertility of grazing lands. Manure is commonly collected from barns and feeding areas to fertilize cropland.

In some places, animal manure is used as fuel, either directly (as in some developing countries), or indirectly (as a source of methane for heating or for generating electricity). In regions where machine power is limited, some classes of livestock are used as draft stock, not only for tillage and other on-farm use, but also for transport of people and goods.

In 1997, livestock provided energy for between an estimated 25 and 64% of cultivation energy in the world's irrigated systems, and that 300 million draft animals were used globally in small-scale agriculture. Although livestock production serves as a source of income, it can provide additional economic values for rural families, often serving as a major contributor to food security and economic security.

Livestock can serve as insurance against risk and is an economic buffer (of income and/or food supply) in some regions and some economies (e.g., during some African droughts). However, its use as a buffer may sometimes be limited where alternatives are present, which may reflect strategic maintenance of insurance in addition to a desire to retain productive assets.

Some crop growers may produce livestock as a strategy for diversification of their income sources, to reduce risks related to weather, markets and other factors. Have found evidence of the social, as well as economic, importance of livestock in developing countries and in regions of rural poverty, and such evidence is not confined to pastoral and nomadic societies.

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Social values in developed countries can also be considerable. For example, in a study of livestock ranching permitted on national forest land in New Mexico, USA, it was concluded that “ranching maintains traditional values and connects families to ancestral lands and cultural heritage “, and that a “sense of place, attachment to land, and the value of preserving open space were common themes”.

“The importance of land and animals as means of maintaining culture and way of life figured repeatedly in permitted responses, as did the subjects of responsibility and respect for land, animals, family, and community.” In the US, profit tends to rank low among motivations for involvement in livestock ranching.

Instead, family, tradition and a desired way of life tend to be major motivators for ranch purchase, and ranchers “historically have been willing to accept low returns from livestock production.” ^ “Congress Clarifies That Horses are Not “Pets,” Advances Landmark Livestock Health Measures”.

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“Impactful criteria animator supra dezvoltrii socio-economic in Normal India”. Livestock ownership in ensuring rural household food security in Pakistan” (PDF).

Social, cultural and economic aspects of livestock ranching on the Santa Fe and Carson National Forests. “Classifying federal public land grazing permit tees”.

^ Tor ell, L. Allen; Rumba, Neil R.; Tanaka, John A.; Bailey, Scott A. “THE LACK OF A PROFIT MOTIVE FOR RANCHING: IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY ANALYSIS”.

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(Source: www.peta.org)

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