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Are Horses Considered Livestock In Texas

author
Maria Garcia
• Saturday, 05 December, 2020
• 29 min read

The Texas Animal Health Commission (TAC) is committed to providing efficient and effective services to our customers. The TAC has legislative authority to make and enforce regulations to prevent or control and eradicate contagious or infectious diseases such as brucellosis in cattle and swine, tuberculosis in cattle and deer, equine infectious anemia (EIA) in horses, pseudo rabies in swine, and other conditions that affect sheep and goats, poultry and other livestock.

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(Source: equine.tamu.edu)

Contents

The TAC staff also works to keep pests, like fever ticks, screwworms and scabies from reoccurring as major livestock health hazards. Emergency Management & Response: The TAC is actively involved in planning for prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery in the event of foreign animal disease or pest incursions in the state, or any man-made or natural disasters that may affect the health or well-being of Texas animal populations.

The TAC will provide the first response to contain and eliminate a foreign or emerging animal disease or pest intrusion. Specific services that TAC could assist in providing in emergency or disaster situations include animal ownership identification; livestock restraint/capture; carcass disposal; and coordinating on animal health, public health concerns, and chemical/biological terrorism issues.

The ASPCA also specifies “species suitable to be companion animals include dogs, cats, horses, rabbits, ferrets, birds, guinea pigs, and select other small mammals, small reptiles and fish. The Missouri Horse Council maintains that horses are livestock and “supports the legal definition of all domesticated equines to remain as livestock and opposes the current social trend of referring to them as pets or companion animals.” This is a stance taken by many similar associations in the United States and Canada.

Those who make their living as trainers, breeders, dealers and running boarding stables and schools may lose the benefit of being an agricultural endeavor if a horse were regarded solely as a companion animal. A good deal of research into equine diseases, vaccines and husbandry is government funded.

Husbandry and humane treatment laws might not apply if horses were designated companion animals. Many states are passing limited liability laws, which protect livestock owners and livestock event organizers (like cattle and horse shows) from lawsuits from anyone who is injured by a potentially large and dangerous animal such as a cattle-beast or horse.

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Considering that most of us do regard our horses not just as companions, but family members, our ultimate goal should be the best possible care, in addition to protecting ourselves. Livestock is most commonly considered animals kept or raised in a farm or ranch setting and used in a commercial enterprise.

The raising of livestock is an agricultural endeavor that promotes the preservation of green space and a way of life that many in today’s society desire. Even today, horses are still kept and raised on a farm or ranch and are used in a commercial enterprise.

The United States horse industry is a major business that makes a significant contribution to the economic well-being of the entire country. Many state departments of agriculture are also providing valuable assistance to the horse industry through research and regulatory programs.

If livestock status is taken away from horses, there is a possibility of losing the already limited financial support equines receive from the USDA for research, regulation, and disaster relief. Many states are now passing what are commonly referred to as “limited liability laws.” One of the purposes of these state laws is to provide stable owners, equine event organizers, and trail ride organizers protection from lawsuits that may arise if an individual is injured while attending or participating in such an event.

However, many of these state laws are not limited only to horses ; they encompass all livestock or farm animals. Currently, under federal tax law, commercial horse owners and breeders are treated as farmers.

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The decision to send a horse to a processing facility where it will be slaughtered, like other livestock, for human consumption is a personal one that should not be mandated by law. Taking this option away from individuals could make conditions worse for some horses.

If a horse cannot be sold at a sale because it may go to a processing facility, it might become a candidate for abuse. In most cases, county or state laws make it illegal simply to bury a horse on your property or dump the carcass in a landfill due to human health concerns.

To some, the cost of disposal for horses might be so high that they are simply left to stand in a field until their death. These facilities must comply with strict federal and state codes designed for the care of these horses.

These codes govern euthanasia, as well as the methods used, and provide for the safety of the meat produced. So an interesting conversation popped up on a farming Facebook group I am part of.

It boiled down to a lot of farmers no longer consider horses livestock. I found it interesting. However, a lot of provinces no longer allow horse farms to fall under livestock.

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You can't get farm plates for trucks if you only have horses, you can't get a lot of farm tax credits if you only have horses, and farm calls with the vets don't offer any discounts if its for horses. Legally, horses are considered livestock when it comes to zoning, laws, and any other “official” interpretation as far as laypeople go.

As far as taxes go, people who own “only” horses may not be getting tax breaks simply because their area/state/province does not offer a property/income tax incentive or shelter to someone who raises horses. Most livestock that do receive tax breaks are animals raised solely for food, and there are usually agricultural subsidies in place to encourage people to continue raising food animals, as it keeps the cost of production down. When their costs of production (including taxes) goes up, food prices increase, therefore the cost of living has increased- things like salaries and hourly wages must increase too.

While still legally livestock, I agree that the perception has changed. Any form or boarding or training stable is not eligible for those breaks.

Now obviously horses CAN fall under that category, but I don't see anyone posting signs that say “SAVE THE CATTLE!!!” Well, I don't need horses for work or transportation, so for me they are companion animals.

Very few people use them for work, transportation, or eat them......in the USA anyway. So yeah, to me they are a pet I can ride and enjoy nature with.

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They are livestock, however, as the majority are now used for pleasure/sports the view of where they should be labeled is changing. Amish still use them for transportation and farming and you still have ranches that use them to help manage their cow herds.

If all I did was board, train, show or pleasure ride, NOPE. In order to qualify for Farm Tags on my trucks and the Ag Exemption card, I have to have “produce”, so they have to be breeding animals.

Haven't seen any advertised as cow or sheep properties Zoning (or HOA Cars) differs, too. Tax wise if you are not making a profit after 3 years (I think, maybe 2) you are considered a hobby farm and can no longer declare it as a business (something the IRS has really been cracking down on lately) thus no longer qualify for a tax id # that allows you to purchase feed & supplies without paying sales tax.

But I have sold a snake in the past and I considered that a pet. For others horses are sport or pleasure, sometimes simple companionship.

In NC, you can get a reduced real estate tax if you have 10 or more acres and gross $1000 or more a year from the sale of “agricultural products”, which includes plants, crops, and animals. If you breed horses and sell them, that is an “agricultural product”.

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Many horse non-breeders will raise a few cows or goats for sale every year just to generate the $1000 of income to qualify for the reduced tax. Animals kept for production of meat, eggs, milk, wool, etc.

Sheep in the PARC National DES Coins (France) Livestock is commonly defined as domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool. The term is sometimes used to refer solely to those that are bred for consumption, while other times it refers only to farmed ruminants, such as cattle and goats.

The USDA classifies pork, veal, beef, and lamb as livestock and all livestock as red meat. The breeding, maintenance, and slaughter of livestock, known as animal husbandry, is a component of modern agriculture that has been practiced in many cultures since humanity's transition to farming from hunter-gatherer lifestyles.

Animal husbandry practices have varied widely across cultures and time periods, and continues to play a major economic and cultural role in numerous communities. Intensive animal farming increases the yield of the various commercial outputs, but has also led to negative impacts on animal welfare, the environment, and public health.

In particular, livestock, especially beef, dairy and sheep stocks, have out-sized influence on greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Due to these negative impacts, but also for reasons of farming efficiency (see Food vs. feed), one projection argues there will be a large decline of livestock at least some animals (e.g. cattle) in certain countries by 2030, and the book The End of Animal Farming argues that all animal husbandry will end by 2100.

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This Australian road sign uses the less common term “stock” for livestock. Today, the modern meaning of cattle is domesticated bovines, while livestock has a wider sense.

Dead stock is defined in contradistinction to livestock as “animals that have died before slaughter, sometimes from illness or disease”. It is illegal in many countries, such as Canada, to sell or process meat from dead animals for human consumption.

Animal-rearing originated during the cultural transition to settled farming communities from hunter-gatherer lifestyles. Animals are domesticated when their breeding and living conditions are controlled by humans.

Over time, the collective behavior, lifecycle and physiology of livestock have changed radically. Many modern farm animals are unsuited to life in the wild.

The term livestock is nebulous and may be defined narrowly or broadly. Broadly, livestock refers to any breed or population of animal kept by humans for a useful, commercial purpose.

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Animal Wild ancestor Domestication Utilization Picture HorseTarpan Mongolia Riding, racing, carrying and pulling loads Donkey African wild ass Africa Beast of burden and draft Cattle Eurasian aurochs Eurasia Meat, milk, draft Zebu Indian aurochs Eurasia Milk, meat and draft. Bali cattleBanteng SE Asia Meat, milk and draft Wild yak Tibet Pack animal, milk, meat and hide Water buffaloed water buffalo India and SE Asia Meat, milk and beast of burden GayalGaur India and Malaysia Beast of burden and draft SheepMouflon Iran and Asia Minor Meat, milk and fleece.

GoatBezoar ibex Greece and Pakistan Meat, milk and fleece ReindeerReindeer Eurasia Draft, milk, flesh and hide Bactria camellia Bactria camel Central Asia Riding and racing Arabian camel Thomas' camel North Africa and SW Asia Riding and racing LlamaGuanaco Andes Pack animal and fleece AlpacaGuanaco Andes Fleece Pigswill boar Eurasia Meat Rabbit European rabbit Europe Meat Guinea montane guinea pig Andes Meat Micro- livestock is the term used for much smaller animals, usually mammals. The two predominate categories are rodents and mesomorphs (rabbits).

Even smaller animals are kept and raised, such as crickets and honey bees. Micro- livestock does not generally include fish (aquaculture) or chickens (poultry farming).

Goat family with 1-week-old farrowing site in a natural cave in northern Spain Traditionally, animal husbandry was part of the subsistence farmer's way of life, producing not only the food needed by the family but also the fuel, fertilizer, clothing, transport and draft power. Killing the animal for food was a secondary consideration, and wherever possible its products, such as wool, eggs, milk and blood (by the Masai) were harvested while the animal was still alive.

In the traditional system of translucence, people and livestock moved seasonally between fixed summer and winter pastures; in montane regions the summer pasture was up in the mountains, the winter pasture in the valleys. Extensive systems involve animals roaming at will, or under the supervision of a herdsman, often for their protection from predators.

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Ranching in the Western United States involves large herds of cattle grazing widely over public and private lands. Similar cattle stations are found in South America, Australia and other places with large areas of land and low rainfall.

Ranching systems have been used for sheep, deer, ostrich, emu, llama and alpaca. In the uplands of the United Kingdom, sheep are turned out on the fells in spring and graze the abundant mountain grasses untended, being brought to lower altitudes late in the year, with supplementary feeding being provided in winter.

In rural locations, pigs and poultry can obtain much of their nutrition from scavenging, and in African communities, hens may live for months without being fed, and still produce one or two eggs a week. At the other extreme, in the more developed parts of the world, animals are often intensively managed ; dairy cows may be kept in zero-grazing conditions with all their forage brought to them; beef cattle may be kept in high density feedlots ; pigs may be housed in climate-controlled buildings and never go outdoors; poultry may be reared in barns and kept in cages as laying birds under lighting-controlled conditions.

In between these two extremes are semi-intensive, often family run farms where livestock graze outside for much of the year, silage or hay is made to cover the times of year when the grass stops growing, and fertilizer, feed and other inputs are bought onto the farm from outside. Livestock farmers have suffered from wild animal predation and theft by rustlers.

In North America, animals such as the gray wolf, grizzly bear, cougar, and coyote are sometimes considered a threat to livestock. In Eurasia and Africa, predators include the wolf, leopard, tiger, lion, whole, Asiatic black bear, crocodile, spotted hyena, and other carnivores.

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In South America, feral dogs, jaguars, anacondas, and spectacle bears are threats to livestock. In Australia, the dingo, fox, and wedge-tailed eagle are common predators, with an additional threat from domestic dogs that may kill in response to a hunting instinct, leaving the carcass uneaten.

Good husbandry, proper feeding, and hygiene are the main contributors to animal health on the farm, bringing economic benefits through maximized production. When, despite these precautions, animals still become sick, they are treated with veterinary medicines, by the farmer and the veterinarian.

In the European Union, when farmers treat their own animals, they are required to follow the guidelines for treatment and to record the treatments given. Animals are susceptible to a number of diseases and conditions that may affect their health.

Some, like classical swine fever and scrapie are specific to one type of stock, while others, like foot-and-mouth disease affect all cloven-hoofed animals. Where the condition is serious, governments impose regulations on import and export, on the movement of stock, quarantine restrictions and the reporting of suspected cases.

At one time, antibiotics were routinely added to certain compound foodstuffs to promote growth, but this practice is now frowned on in many countries because of the risk that it may lead to antibiotic resistance. Animals living under intensive conditions are particularly prone to internal and external parasites; increasing numbers of sea lice are affecting farmed salmon in Scotland.

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Reducing the parasite burdens of livestock results in increased productivity and profitability. Pigs being loaded into their transporting many livestock are herd animals, they were historically driven to market “on the hoof” to a town or other central location.

Truck transport is now common in developed countries. In stock shows, farmers bring their best livestock to compete with one another.

Animal husbandry has a significant impact on the world environment. It is responsible for somewhere between 20 and 33% of the fresh water usage in the world, and livestock, and the production of feed for them, occupy about a third of the earth's ice-free land.

Livestock production is a contributing factor in species extinction, desertification, and habitat destruction. Meat is considered one of the prime factors contributing to the current sixth mass extinction.

Animal agriculture contributes to species extinction in various ways. Habitat is destroyed by clearing forests and converting land to grow feed crops and for animal grazing, while predators and herbivores are frequently targeted and hunted because of a perceived threat to livestock profits; for example, animal husbandry is responsible for up to 91% of the deforestation in the Amazon region.

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Livestock production requires large areas of land. In addition, livestock produce greenhouse gases. The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) has estimated that agriculture (including not only livestock, but also food crop, biofuel and other production) accounted for about 10 to 12 percent of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions (expressed as 100-year carbon dioxide equivalents) in 2005 and in 2010.

Cows produce some 570 million cubic meters of methane per day, that accounts for from 35 to 40% of the overall methane emissions of the planet. Livestock is responsible for 65% of all human-related emissions of the powerful and long-lived greenhouse gas nitrous oxide.

As a result, ways of mitigating animal husbandry's environmental impact are being studied. Global distribution data for cattle, buffaloes, horses, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens and ducks in 2010. The value of global livestock production in 2013 has been estimated at about 883 billion dollars, (constant 2005-2006 dollars).

Livestock provide a variety of food and nonfood products; the latter include leather, wool, pharmaceuticals, bone products, industrial protein, and fats. For many abattoirs, very little animal biomass may be wasted at slaughter.

Even intestinal contents removed at slaughter may be recovered for use as fertilizer. Livestock manure helps maintain the fertility of grazing lands.

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Manure is commonly collected from barns and feeding areas to fertilize cropland. In some places, animal manure is used as fuel, either directly (as in some developing countries), or indirectly (as a source of methane for heating or for generating electricity).

In regions where machine power is limited, some classes of livestock are used as draft stock, not only for tillage and other on-farm use, but also for transport of people and goods. In 1997, livestock provided energy for between an estimated 25 and 64% of cultivation energy in the world's irrigated systems, and that 300 million draft animals were used globally in small-scale agriculture.

Although livestock production serves as a source of income, it can provide additional economic values for rural families, often serving as a major contributor to food security and economic security. Livestock can serve as insurance against risk and is an economic buffer (of income and/or food supply) in some regions and some economies (e.g., during some African droughts).

However, its use as a buffer may sometimes be limited where alternatives are present, which may reflect strategic maintenance of insurance in addition to a desire to retain productive assets. Some crop growers may produce livestock as a strategy for diversification of their income sources, to reduce risks related to weather, markets and other factors.

Have found evidence of the social, as well as economic, importance of livestock in developing countries and in regions of rural poverty, and such evidence is not confined to pastoral and nomadic societies. Social values in developed countries can also be considerable.

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^ “Congress Clarifies That Horses are Not “Pets,” Advances Landmark Livestock Health Measures”. ^ Rethink X: food and agriculture ^ ^ Reese, Jack (6 November 2018).

The End of Animal Farming: How Scientists, Entrepreneurs, and Activists are Building an Animal-Free Food System. ^ “Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws” (PDF).

^ CBC.ca: “Police launch investigation into Aylmer Meat Packers”, 28 Aug 2003 ^ Larson, G.; Bradley, D. G. (2014). Chess, B.; Pereira, F.; Arnaud, F.; Morin, A.; Gouache, F.; Mainland, I.; Key, R. R.; Emberton, J. M.; Gerald, D.; Stare, M. J.; Albert, A.; Pitta, M.; Jacuzzi, L.; Anasazi, M. H.; Kampala, R. R.; Zhang, Y.-p.; Arrant, J. J.; Ali, B.

A.; Wang, Z.; Run, M.; Done, M. M.; Bleaker, I.; Hold, L.-E.; Saar ma, U.; Ahmad, S.; Mariano, N.; Eythorsdottir, E.; Holland, M. J.; Ajmone-Marsan, P.; Buford, M. W.; Antigen, J.; Spencer, T. E.; Palatine, M. (2009-04-24). “Revealing the History of Sheep Domestication Using Retrovirus Integrations”.

^ Vine, J. D.; Jazz, A.; Siege, J. F.; Poplin, F.; Newline, J.; Simmons, A. “Pre-Neolithic wild boar management and introduction to Cyprus more than 11,400 years ago”.

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(Source: abcnews.go.com)

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Larson, Greer; Liu, Ran ran; Zhao, Ringo; Yuan, Jing; Fuller, Dorian; Barton, Lukas; Donna, Keith; Fan, Piping; GU, Whiling; Liu, Xiaomi; Duo, Running; LV, Peng; Anderson, Leif; Li, King (2010-04-19).

Let the Cowboy Ride: Cattle Ranching in the American West. Encyclopedia of Community: From the Village to the Virtual World.

^ Silvered, Ellen K; Graham, Jay; Price, Lance B (2008). “Industrial food animal production, antimicrobial resistance, and human health”.

Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service. ^ Northern Daily Leader, 20 May 2010, Dogs mauled 30 sheep (and killed them), p.3, Rural Press ^ Simmons, Michael (2009-09-10).

^ “feed (agriculture) | Antibiotics and other growth stimulants”. “Scottish salmon farming's sea lice 'crisis “.

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IPCC SRC CL 2019 Harvey error: no target: CITEREFIPCC_SRCCL2019 (help) . ^ Chambers, Philip G.; Gran din, Temple; Heinz, Hunter; Frisian, Thinner (2001).

^ “Worker dies, hundreds sick as Cargill temporarily closes meat-processing plant at center of COVID-19 outbreak”. Cargill's meat plant's hundreds of COVID-19 cases”.

^ Markets from research to outcomes Archived 2014-05-01 at Website, Farming Matters, Challenge Program on Water and Food, June 2013 ^ Australian Screen: Agricultural shows ^ Michael Clark; Tillman, David (November 2014). “Global diets link environmental sustainability and human health”.

“A Global Assessment of the Water Footprint of Farm Animal Products” (PDF). Food and Agriculture Organizations of the United Nations.

“Meat-eaters may speed worldwide species extinction, study warns”. “Biodiversity conservation: The key is reducing meat consumption”.

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Williams, Mark; Zalasiewicz, Jan; Half, P. K.; Schnabel, Christian; Barnes, Anthony D.; Ellis, Erie C. (2015). “Vast animal-feed crops to satisfy our meat needs are destroying planet”.

http://faostat3.fao.org/ ^ DE Han, Sees; Seinfeld, Henning; Blackburn, Harvey (1997). The role of livestock in developing communities: Enhancing multi functionality.

Johannesen, Anne Bore; Skonhoft, Andes (2011). “ Livestock as Insurance and Social Status: Evidence from Reindeer Herding in Norway” (PDF).

“Integrated crop– livestock systems in Australian agriculture: Trends, drivers and implications”. Adult, John M.; Bryan, Brett A.; King, Darren; Connor, Jeffery D. (2012).

“Mitigating economic risk from climate variability in rain-fed agriculture through enterprise mix diversification”. “Contribution of livestock sector in Ethiopian economy: a review”.

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^ Bettencourt, Elisa Maria Varela; Tillman, Mário; Henriques, Pedro Damian de Sousa; Narcs, Wanda; Carvalho, Maria Leonor da Silva (2013). “The Economic and Sociocultural Role of Livestock in the Well being of Rural Communities of Timor-Leste”.

Khan, Nizamuddin; Lehman, Anise; Salman, Mood. “Impactful criteria animator supra dezvoltrii socio-economic in Normal India”.

Livestock ownership in ensuring rural household food security in Pakistan” (PDF). Social, cultural and economic aspects of livestock ranching on the Santa Fe and Carson National Forests.

“Classifying federal public land grazing permit tees”. ^ Tor ell, L. Allen; Rumba, Neil R.; Tanaka, John A.; Bailey, Scott A.

“THE LACK OF A PROFIT MOTIVE FOR RANCHING: IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY ANALYSIS”. Western Regional Coordinating Committee on Rang eland Economics: WCC-55.

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· Horses are omitted from the definition of livestock in the Local Coastal Program (LCP) for San Mateo County, which has left the door open for special regulations of horses in the unincorporated part of the County. · The federal government uses a “food or fiber” test to determine whether livestock qualifies for certain grants, and considers horses “agricultural” if they work on a cattle ranch or otherwise “recreational”.

However, in most federal references on waste management, Nodes, etc the horse is considered along with other commercially raised food production livestock. In support of our contention, we offer the following references and citations that classify horses as livestock.

Livestock means any cattle, sheep, swine, goat, or horse, mule or other equines”. (b) The term livestock includes cattle, sheep, swine, horses, mules, and goats.

As used in this article, the following definitions shall apply: (a) Livestock means any cattle, sheep, swine, goat, or any horse, mule, or other equine, whether living or dead. (b) “Meat packer” means an establishment where livestock are either slaughtered, the carcasses thereof are prepared, or meat is processed and where state or federal inspection is maintained.

Cal Business and Professional Code · Section 4825.1(d) in reference to veterinary practice: Animals raised, kept, or used for profit, and not including those species that are usually kept as pets such as companion animals, including equines1 (see end note) 1 The term “companion animal”, although used in the definition of livestock under Cal Bus and Prof Code 4825.1(d), was not found or otherwise defined elsewhere in the California Code. In a survey done by Multistage Associates, horses are defined similarly as Livestock in numerous other states.

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Our thanks to them and Wayne State of the American Quarter horse Association for providing this helpful data. Judy Tacoma of Marinated has provided the following research that may prove useful the equestrians in the future (2001).

Upon application to the Department of Transportation, a flood control district, county, or city, and subject to any conditions imposed by it, permission may be granted to any person, or riding club to enter, traverse, and use for horseback riding, any trail, right of way, easement, river, flood control channel, or wash, owned or controlled by the state, a city, or county. An equestrian group may be granted the right to erect and maintain suitable trail markers for the convenience and guidance of horseback riders, but a structure shall not be erected on state-owned property without the approval of the State Lands Commission.

An owner of any estate or any other interest in real property, whether possessor or nonpossessory, owes no duty of care to keep the premises safe for entry or use by others for any recreational purpose or to give any warning of hazardous conditions, uses of, structures, or activities on such premises to persons entering for such purpose, except as provided in this section. A “recreational purpose,” as used in this section, includes such activities as fishing, hunting, camping, water sports, hiking, spelunking, sport parachuting, riding, including animal riding, snowmobiling, and all other types of vehicular riding, rock collecting, sightseeing, picnicking, nature study, nature contacting, recreational gardening, gleaning, hang gliding, winter sports, and viewing or enjoying historical, archaeological, scenic, natural, or scientific sites.

An owner of any estate or any other interest in real property, whether possessor or nonpossessory, who gives permission to another for entry or use for the above purpose upon the premises does not thereby (a) extend any assurance that the premises are safe for such purpose, or (b) constitute the person to whom permission has been granted the legal status of an invitee or licensee to whom a duty of care is owed, or (c) assume responsibility for or incur liability for any injury to person or property caused by any act of such person to whom permission has been granted except as provided in this section. This section does not limit the liability which otherwise exists (a) for willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure or activity; or (b) (b) for injury suffered in any case where permission to enter for the above purpose was granted for a consideration other than the consideration, if any, paid to said landowner by the state, or where consideration has been received from others for the same purpose; or (c) to any persons who are expressly invited rather than merely permitted to come upon the premises by the landowner.

Nothing in this section creates a duty of care or ground of liability for injury to person or property. Livestock and the Federal Government What USDA in California uses for the definition of “agricultural” is “animals for food or fiber”.

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This designation has been arrived at for the purposes of the Farm Bill for USDA cost share program). In other states horses can be slaughtered for their meat, used for both human consumption and made into pet food.

Because the horse is a small player on the field of food production agriculture, it has not been considered worthy of research investment through federal government grants. Without getting into specifics by breed, the following will recount the possible structure of the operations.

According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, most U.S. horse meat is exported to Europe where it is especially popular in Belgium and France. It is also commonly consumed in Spain, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands, but it is most popular in Belgium and France.

Ancillary operations for training and boarding will also be included in this SSP segment. Race horses, whether thoroughbreds, quarter horses, walkers, trotters, or other types, will be provided appropriate training over a period of time.

This type of fee requires determination of value for inclusion as income in the current year. These services will be priced out on a daily basis with special charges for unusual care situations as they arise.

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Riding fences in rugged terrain to determine and execute repairs would be another function of work horses. Race and show horses will likely be 100-percent registered purebreds with detailed tracking information available in the taxpayer's records and through the breed associations.

When this does occur, these animals will be highly documented to ensure profitability from future breeding activities. Expenses related to horse breeder operations will include purchases of animals, veterinary fees to keep the animals in the best health condition, facilities for boarding, feeding, and training, fees for breeding services (either stud or artificial insemination, ) insurance coverage of the animals to compensate for losses due to injury or accident, advertising and promotion, and specialized feed materials.

Events, shows and races, involving the animals will require entry fees which are deducted as current expenses. These payments are also deducted currently even though the animal may be unable to participate for any number of reasons.

See IRC section 464 for the technical definition and application of rules for farming “syndicates.” Stud services are a common source of income for owners of recognized successful animals.

A private treaty is a one-on-one breeding agreement which may have any type of special arrangement imaginable. The live foal guarantee likely carries a higher stud fee due to the additional financial risk to the stallion owner.

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Weaning foals takes place from 4 to 6 months of age. Colts, as young as 12-months, can impregnate mares. Eventual addition of saddle and bridle will prepare the foal for being mounted by the age of two years when it has achieved the majority of its growth.

Individual sales are the norm and factors related to subjective characteristics of the horse greatly affect pricing. IRC Section 1231 Transfer of an interest percentage in an animal in exchange for training or other services is considered a sale or exchange which results in the recognition of gain or loss for the fair market value of the interest transferred compared to the basis of the animal.

Section 1.1231-2(c)(1) provides that”* * *Whether a horse is held for racing purposes shall be determined in accordance with the following rules: IRC Section 61 Animals not fitting the requirements of the operation will be culled and sold.

Syndication sales will normally involve significant amounts to be recognized. Geldings cannot be placed in service in a breeding operation except in working or “teasing applications.

Disclaimer These materials have been prepared by EnviroHorse for information purposes only and are not legal advice. Subscribers and online readers should not act upon this information without seeking professional counsel.

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(Source: www.houstonchronicle.com)

EnviroHorse assumes no responsibility and disclaims any liability for any injury or damage resulting from the use or effect of any product or information specified in this publication. As outlined in Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, The Chronicle of the Horse and its affiliates, as well Resort Enterprises Ltd., the developers of bulletin, are not legally responsible for statements made in the Forums.

This is a public forum viewed by a wide spectrum of people, so please be mindful of what you say and who might be reading it--details of personal disputes may be better handled privately. Profanity, outright vulgarity, blatant personal insults or otherwise inappropriate statements will not be tolerated and will be dealt with at the discretion of the moderators.

Users may provide their positive or negative experiences with or opinions of companies, products, individuals, etc. If a situation has been reported upon by a reputable news source or addressed by law enforcement or the legal system it is open for discussion, but if an individual wants to make their own claims of criminal behavior against a named party in the course of that discussion, they too must identify themselves by first and last name and the account must be first-person.

Criminal allegations that do not satisfy these requirements, when brought to our attention, may be removed pending satisfaction of these criteria, and we reserve the right to err on the side of caution when making these determinations. The forums are a wonderful source of information and support for members of the horse community.

Discussion and disagreement are inevitable and encouraged; personal insults, diatribes and sniping comments are unproductive and unacceptable. Whether a subject is light-hearted or serious, keep posts focused on the current topic and of general interest to other participants of that thread.

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(Source: equitrekking.com)

Posts in the discussion forums directly or indirectly advertising horses, jobs, items or services for sale or wanted will be removed at the discretion of the moderators. Use of the private messaging feature or email addresses obtained through users' profiles for unsolicited advertising is not permitted.

False “testimonials” provided by company affiliates posing as general consumers are not appropriate, and self-promotion of sales, ad campaigns, etc. Paid advertising is available on our classifieds site and through the purchase of banner ads.

If the post contains, or links to, the type of specific information typically found in a sales or wanted ad, and it's related to a horse for sale, regardless of whose selling it, it doesn't belong in the discussion forums. Excessive promotion of a stallion by its owner or related parties is not permitted and will be addressed at the discretion of the moderators.

Services -- Members may use the forums to ask for general recommendations of trainers, barns, shippers, farriers, etc., and other members may answer those requests by suggesting themselves or their company, if their services fulfill the specific criteria of the original post. Products -- While members may ask for general opinions and suggestions on equipment, trailers, trucks, etc., they may not list the specific attributes for which they are in the market, as such posts serve as wanted ads.

Premium members may post their own notices in the Event Announcements forum. Special exceptions may be made, at the moderators' discretion and direction, for board-related events or fundraising activities in extraordinary circumstances.

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(Source: www.youtube.com)

Individuals may not advertise or make announcements for horses in need of rescue, placement or adoption unless the horse is available through a recognized rescue or placement agency or government-run entity or the thread fits the criteria for and is located in the Giveaways forum. As members are often passionate about their beliefs and intentions can easily be misinterpreted in this type of environment, try to explore or resolve the inevitable disagreements that arise in the course of threads calmly and rationally.

The Chronicle of the Horse may copy, quote, link to or otherwise reproduce posts, or portions of posts, in print or online for advertising or editorial purposes, if attributed to their original authors, and by posting in this forum, you hereby grant to The Chronicle of the Horse a perpetual, non-exclusive license under copyright and other rights, to do so. The moderators may delete, edit, move or close any post or thread at any time, or refrain from doing any of the foregoing, in their discretion, and may suspend or revoke a user's membership privileges at any time to maintain adherence to the rules and the general spirit of the forum.

Although people most often associate the SPCA of Texas with dogs and cats, we offer other animals for adoption, such as horses, pigs, sheep, donkeys, ducks, and chickens. The majority of our equines are rescued by our Animal Cruelty Investigations Unit, and our staff and volunteers then rehabilitate and retrain them and find them new jobs and loving homes.

We screen all equine and livestock adopters to ensure that the potential home will provide each animal with appropriate space, companionship, and care. Please read the requirements for adoption on the online application page to make sure your home or boarding stable qualifies.

However, we do partner with our adopters to help ensure that equines make successful transitions to new vocations and new homes if needed. Cuddle puppies and kittens, dote on dogs and cats, provide post-operative care for canines and felines and teach four-legged foster friends what snuggling is all about.

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(Source: www.npr.org)

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Sources
1 bestinsecthouse.com - https://bestinsecthouse.com/spider/what-happens-when-you-get-bit-by-a-spider/
2 www.mayoclinic.org - https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spider-bites/symptoms-causes/syc-20352371