Are Horses Livestock Or Pets

Carole Stephens
• Tuesday, 06 October, 2020
• 16 min read

Now that horses are no longer needed for transportation and farm work, they are often regarded as companion animals. The ASPCA also specifies “species suitable to be companion animals include dogs, cats, horses, rabbits, ferrets, birds, guinea pigs, and select other small mammals, small reptiles and fish.

horse pet equine
(Source: www.equineinfo.com)


The Missouri Horse Council maintains that horses are livestock and “supports the legal definition of all domesticated equines to remain as livestock and opposes the current social trend of referring to them as pets or companion animals.” This is a stance taken by many similar associations in the United States and Canada. Those who make their living as trainers, breeders, dealers and running boarding stables and schools may lose the benefit of being an agricultural endeavor if a horse were regarded solely as a companion animal.

A good deal of research into equine diseases, vaccines and husbandry is government funded. Husbandry and humane treatment laws might not apply if horses were designated companion animals.

Many states are passing limited liability laws, which protect livestock owners and livestock event organizers (like cattle and horse shows) from lawsuits from anyone who is injured by a potentially large and dangerous animal such as a cattle-beast or horse. Considering that most of us do regard our horses not just as companions, but family members, our ultimate goal should be the best possible care, in addition to protecting ourselves.

Horses have been man’s companion and assistance animal for over 4,000 years, essential to farmers and early villagers for generations. In fact, it has been said that the domestication of the horse ushered in an era of innovation in transportation and communication.

Horses still serve many practical functions, however are considered more of a companion animal than livestock. I have a friend that has a pet chicken that sits on the back of her lazy-boy when they are watching TV.

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(Source: www.goodfreephotos.com)

Horses have the largest eyes of any mammal that lives on land. In fact, horses can see colors, but are better at detecting yellows and greens than purples and violets.

Because a horse’s eyes are on the side of its head, it is capable of seeing nearly 360 degrees at one time. Horses evolved from a very small animal about the size of a dog or baby lamb that was called a hyracotherium.

This ancestor lived in tropical rain forests in North America and ate leaves. Hooves are made from the same protein that comprises human fingernails.

There is no specific law in the U.S. banning horse meat, but most people still steer clear of it. Dogs and cats drink by lapping water with their tongues while cattle and horses make use of a sucking action.

Add molasses one tablespoon at a time, until the oats are all covered and are sticky. · Horses are omitted from the definition of livestock in the Local Coastal Program (LCP) for San Mateo County, which has left the door open for special regulations of horses in the unincorporated part of the County.

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(Source: www.equineinfo.com)

· The federal government uses a “food or fiber” test to determine whether livestock qualifies for certain grants, and considers horses “agricultural” if they work on a cattle ranch or otherwise “recreational”. However, in most federal references on waste management, Nodes, etc the horse is considered along with other commercially raised food production livestock.

In support of our contention, we offer the following references and citations that classify horses as livestock. Livestock means any cattle, sheep, swine, goat, or horse, mule or other equines”.

(b) The term livestock includes cattle, sheep, swine, horses, mules, and goats. As used in this article, the following definitions shall apply: (a) Livestock means any cattle, sheep, swine, goat, or any horse, mule, or other equine, whether living or dead.

(b) “Meat packer” means an establishment where livestock are either slaughtered, the carcasses thereof are prepared, or meat is processed and where state or federal inspection is maintained. Cal Business and Professional Code · Section 4825.1(d) in reference to veterinary practice: Animals raised, kept, or used for profit, and not including those species that are usually kept as pets such as companion animals, including equines1 (see end note) 1 The term “companion animal”, although used in the definition of livestock under Cal Bus and Prof Code 4825.1(d), was not found or otherwise defined elsewhere in the California Code.

In a survey done by Multistage Associates, horses are defined similarly as Livestock in numerous other states. Our thanks to them and Wayne State of the American Quarter horse Association for providing this helpful data.

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(Source: canna-pet.com)

Judy Tacoma of Marinated has provided the following research that may prove useful the equestrians in the future (2001). Upon application to the Department of Transportation, a flood control district, county, or city, and subject to any conditions imposed by it, permission may be granted to any person, or riding club to enter, traverse, and use for horseback riding, any trail, right of way, easement, river, flood control channel, or wash, owned or controlled by the state, a city, or county.

An equestrian group may be granted the right to erect and maintain suitable trail markers for the convenience and guidance of horseback riders, but a structure shall not be erected on state-owned property without the approval of the State Lands Commission. It is unlawful for any person to remove, deface, or destroy the markers, or to erect fences, barbed wire, or other obstructions on the bridle trails.

The following was researched and provided by Sigrid White of the West Coast Horse Association: An owner of any estate or any other interest in real property, whether possessor or nonpossessory, owes no duty of care to keep the premises safe for entry or use by others for any recreational purpose or to give any warning of hazardous conditions, uses of, structures, or activities on such premises to persons entering for such purpose, except as provided in this section.

A “recreational purpose,” as used in this section, includes such activities as fishing, hunting, camping, water sports, hiking, spelunking, sport parachuting, riding, including animal riding, snowmobiling, and all other types of vehicular riding, rock collecting, sightseeing, picnicking, nature study, nature contacting, recreational gardening, gleaning, hang gliding, winter sports, and viewing or enjoying historical, archaeological, scenic, natural, or scientific sites. An owner of any estate or any other interest in real property, whether possessor or nonpossessory, who gives permission to another for entry or use for the above purpose upon the premises does not thereby (a) extend any assurance that the premises are safe for such purpose, or (b) constitute the person to whom permission has been granted the legal status of an invitee or licensee to whom a duty of care is owed, or (c) assume responsibility for or incur liability for any injury to person or property caused by any act of such person to whom permission has been granted except as provided in this section.

This section does not limit the liability which otherwise exists (a) for willful or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure or activity; or (b) (b) for injury suffered in any case where permission to enter for the above purpose was granted for a consideration other than the consideration, if any, paid to said landowner by the state, or where consideration has been received from others for the same purpose; or (c) to any persons who are expressly invited rather than merely permitted to come upon the premises by the landowner. Nothing in this section creates a duty of care or ground of liability for injury to person or property.

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(Source: www.americanminiaturehorse.com)

Livestock and the Federal Government What USDA in California uses for the definition of “agricultural” is “animals for food or fiber”. This designation has been arrived at for the purposes of the Farm Bill for USDA cost share program).

In other states horses can be slaughtered for their meat, used for both human consumption and made into pet food. Because the horse is a small player on the field of food production agriculture, it has not been considered worthy of research investment through federal government grants.

Without getting into specifics by breed, the following will recount the possible structure of the operations. According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration, most U.S. horse meat is exported to Europe where it is especially popular in Belgium and France.

It is also commonly consumed in Spain, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands, but it is most popular in Belgium and France. Ancillary operations for training and boarding will also be included in this SSP segment.

Race horses, whether thoroughbreds, quarter horses, walkers, trotters, or other types, will be provided appropriate training over a period of time. This type of fee requires determination of value for inclusion as income in the current year.

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(Source: salmanspets.wordpress.com)

These services will be priced out on a daily basis with special charges for unusual care situations as they arise. Riding fences in rugged terrain to determine and execute repairs would be another function of work horses.

Race and show horses will likely be 100-percent registered purebreds with detailed tracking information available in the taxpayer's records and through the breed associations. When this does occur, these animals will be highly documented to ensure profitability from future breeding activities.

Expenses related to horse breeder operations will include purchases of animals, veterinary fees to keep the animals in the best health condition, facilities for boarding, feeding, and training, fees for breeding services (either stud or artificial insemination, ) insurance coverage of the animals to compensate for losses due to injury or accident, advertising and promotion, and specialized feed materials. Events, shows and races, involving the animals will require entry fees which are deducted as current expenses.

Stud services are a common source of income for owners of recognized successful animals. A private treaty is a one-on-one breeding agreement which may have any type of special arrangement imaginable.

The live foal guarantee likely carries a higher stud fee due to the additional financial risk to the stallion owner. Weaning foals takes place from 4 to 6 months of age. Colts, as young as 12-months, can impregnate mares.

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(Source: www.petful.com)

Eventual addition of saddle and bridle will prepare the foal for being mounted by the age of two years when it has achieved the majority of its growth. Individual sales are the norm and factors related to subjective characteristics of the horse greatly affect pricing.

IRC Section 61 Animals not fitting the requirements of the operation will be culled and sold. Syndication sales will normally involve significant amounts to be recognized.

Geldings cannot be placed in service in a breeding operation except in working or “teasing applications. Disclaimer These materials have been prepared by EnviroHorse for information purposes only and are not legal advice.

Subscribers and online readers should not act upon this information without seeking professional counsel. EnviroHorse assumes no responsibility and disclaims any liability for any injury or damage resulting from the use or effect of any product or information specified in this publication.

Congress Clarifies That Horses are Not Pets,” Advances Landmark Livestock Health Measures Horse industry highlights include a revised statutory definition that excludes equines from a blanket definition of pets and funding for key livestock and international market development programs through Fiscal Year (FY) 2023.

livestock horses pet classified pets
(Source: www.wearewoodruff.com)

In response to industry messages communicated to congressional leaders during the past six months, the final conference report states that the bill “clarifies the definition of pet to include certain companion animals, while also providing protections for other animals such as horses, service animals, and emotional support animals.” The revised definition helps preserve the long-standing classification of horses as livestock,” while allowing equines to fall within the scope of property damage subject to compensation within the parameters of the PAWS Act. A preliminary review of the legislation shows that lawmakers are moving in the right direction with respect to funding important animal health programs.

So an interesting conversation popped up on a farming Facebook group I am part of. It boiled down to a lot of farmers no longer consider horses livestock. I found it interesting.

However, a lot of provinces no longer allow horse farms to fall under livestock. You can't get farm plates for trucks if you only have horses, you can't get a lot of farm tax credits if you only have horses, and farm calls with the vets don't offer any discounts if its for horses.

Legally, horses are considered livestock when it comes to zoning, laws, and any other “official” interpretation as far as laypeople go. As far as taxes go, people who own “only” horses may not be getting tax breaks simply because their area/state/province does not offer a property/income tax incentive or shelter to someone who raises horses. Most livestock that do receive tax breaks are animals raised solely for food, and there are usually agricultural subsidies in place to encourage people to continue raising food animals, as it keeps the cost of production down.

When their costs of production (including taxes) goes up, food prices increase, therefore the cost of living has increased- things like salaries and hourly wages must increase too. While still legally livestock, I agree that the perception has changed.

domestic animals horse animal horses farm bing pets hourse equestrian wild foal fotos poster
(Source: www.lookfordiagnosis.com)

Well, I don't need horses for work or transportation, so for me they are companion animals. Livestock are animals that a sane person would not allow in their home.

I'm totally not sane... and if I could get away with it my two girls would sleep in my bed with me every night :ROFL: But yea... I'm far from sane. I'm certifiably insane :lol: Livestock are animals that a sane person would not allow in their home.

Horses are a little big to bring in the house. Very few people use them for work, transportation, or eat them......in the USA anyway.

So yeah, to me they are a pet I can ride and enjoy nature with. They are livestock, however, as the majority are now used for pleasure/sports the view of where they should be labeled is changing.

Amish still use them for transportation and farming and you still have ranches that use them to help manage their cow herds. If all I did was board, train, show or pleasure ride, NOPE.

horses pets why
(Source: www.ecowoodpellets.co.uk)

In order to qualify for Farm Tags on my trucks and the Ag Exemption card, I have to have “produce”, so they have to be breeding animals. I also have chickens and sell the eggs and a large veggie patch and sell the organic produce from that too, so I would qualify under those statutes as well, but they've cracked down hard on horses.

Tax wise if you are not making a profit after 3 years (I think, maybe 2) you are considered a hobby farm and can no longer declare it as a business (something the IRS has really been cracking down on lately) thus no longer qualify for a tax id # that allows you to purchase feed & supplies without paying sales tax. But I have sold a snake in the past and I considered that a pet.

For others horses are sport or pleasure, sometimes simple companionship. In NC, you can get a reduced real estate tax if you have 10 or more acres and gross $1000 or more a year from the sale of “agricultural products”, which includes plants, crops, and animals.

If you breed horses and sell them, that is an “agricultural product”. Many horse non-breeders will raise a few cows or goats for sale every year just to generate the $1000 of income to qualify for the reduced tax.

Many people consider horses as pets but most governments classify them as Livestock. Horses are pets if you love them but livestock if they work for you.

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Though it should be noted that they are a herd animal and require a firm hand, or they will 'take over and become the leader'. Horses do not make good pets.

Horses are beast of burden and are excellent for showing camp; riding. There are probably a few people who treat their camels as if they were pets, though.

Well, I have gathered information on many species of livestock that are 'smaller' than your average breed, or they are just small in general. The animals include pygmy goats, Dexter cows, miniature horses, potbelly pigs, miniature donkeys, and Old English Baby doll South down Sheep.

Make sure to check with your city to find out what the local ordinances are before you go out and buy any of these animals. Pygmy goats primarily eat grains and greens.

Pygmy goats need shelter and an accessible open space at all times. These cows are gentle, hardy, easy to handle, and intelligent.

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(Source: www.paulickreport.com)

If used for meat, they produce lean, tender, and tasty beef. Dexter's cost about half as much as a normal cow breed, making them easier to maintain.

Only 10% of their diet should be grains and the rest good quality hay. You can free hand jump them, take them to halter shows, lounge them, or even have small children IDE them.

They also make good companions to big horses and other livestock. Pot Belly pigs are social, friendly, surprisingly clean, and smart.

Pot-bellies mostly live outdoors, providing they have all the necessities, like a place to roam and shelter. Pot-bellies also commonly live indoors, but sometimes that is unwanted.

Pot-bellied pigs weigh from 100 to 175 pounds and to 16 to 26 inched high, that's a big weight and size difference, so if you're buying one as a household pet make sure it is from smaller parents. Good pig chow includes headland and Peak performance.

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Old English Baby doll South down Sheep Adults. These sheep are one of the smallest breeds out there, as they only reach up to 24" tall.

Baby dolls have fine wool and tasty meat, if you would ever want to butcher them. Although they are small, they do require the care of a normal sheep.

The sheep can live on smaller plots, and are great 'lawnmowers' because when they eat grass they nicely trim it instead of pulling it out of the ground. They need good quality hay or can eat grass that grows from the ground and still keep healthy.

Donkeys are friendly and have a loving nature, more like a dog than a horse. Miniatures need a secure area, with at least a three-sided shelter to keep them safe.

They are fairly easy keepers, and love their food. One thing to watch out for is if they aren't eating like normal, because that indicates there is something wrong.

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(Source: www.trionds.com)

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional.

Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately. LTD Farm & Garden carries a variety of livestock, pet and specialty feeds from various manufacturers including Purina, Nutrient, Bartlett, Sweet lix, Diamond, Cargill, Victor, Fromm and Black Gold among others.

LTD Farm & Garden carries a large selection of pet products, such as leashes, collars, leads, bedding, houses, kennels and more. Remember to check product labels and save money using generic versions from Sergeants, Barnum, Duvet, Zodiac and others.

The blazes, which were sparked days ago, have destroyed dozens of cars, thousands of homes and businesses, and claimed lives. A number of horses and other animals are among the casualties of the multiple wildfires burning out of control in California.

In the Anaheim area, hundreds of horses were evacuated to various locations in Orange County. In the city of Orange near Anaheim, horses at the Peacock Hill Equestrian Center were loaded up Monday by local rescuers who had room for additional animals and were taken to safety.

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In the chaos of the many evacuations, some horse and pet owners have had a rough two days not knowing the location and condition of their animals. Unless somebody puts a gun to me or something I might leave, but … right now, I go where they go and nobody could get up here yesterday , they wouldn’t let people in.

Bakersfield City Fire Department, Kern County Sheriff's Department, California Highway Patrol, and Kern County Animal Services came to the scene of both fires to work toward containment. As with other fast-moving fires, in addition to pet cats and dogs that people were forced to leave behind, many other domestic animals could not be evacuated in time, including horses, goats, chickens, and sheep.

Horses have been found wandering loose, some with cuts or scrapes from having jumped or crashed through fences. An equine first aid kit is essential for all horse owners to have in the barn or trailer in case of emergencies.

Your plan needs to be communicated to everyone who is living with you or to anyone who will be taking care of your place in your absence. As an animal lover since childhood, Flossie was delighted when Mark, the CEO and developer of Required asked her to join his team of contributors.

She enrolled in My Horse University at Michigan State and completed a number of courses in everything related to horse health, nutrition, diseases and conditions, medications, hoof and dental care, barn safety, and first aid.

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(Source: www.petrelocation.com)

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