Are Horses Unclean

James Lee
• Sunday, 01 November, 2020
• 34 min read

There are very clear and specific laws about clean and unclean animals in the Bible. Today, Christians generally do not follow these instructions anymore and eat without dietary restrictions.

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It gave a detailed description of which animals where clean or unclean (see Leviticus 11). God gave these instructions to Moses, who was the representative of the Jewish nation.

But did you know that this is not the first time God separates clean from unclean animals? Long before Moses received the law from God, it was already known that some animals were clean and others unclean.

It’s pretty amazing that God has given man such clear descriptions (again, see Leviticus 11). Of course, we are not talking about quality in the sense whether you can order it at a Michelin 3-star restaurant, but what the meat itself contains.

Eating nature’s garbage bins Take a shrimp for example, an amazing little creature that keeps the oceans clean. Yet many of nature’s garbage bins end up on people’s plates with all the toxins, parasites and poisons that their bodies have taken up.

The clean animals on the other hand naturally eat only plants. The fact that the body takes up what it eats is just one example as to why these unclean animals should not be eaten.

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Why did God tell Noah, Moses and His people throughout time to abstain from eating certain animals? God tells us to treat our body as a temple (1 Corinthians 6:19), because Jesus paid an infinite price for your life.

This principle of pursuing good health has not been only for a people of the past, but it is still oh so relevant for us today. Moreover, it is important to note that God even calls it abominable to eat the unclean animals (Deuteronomy 14:3).

Peter receives a vision from God where a large sheet with all kind of animals comes down from heaven (Acts 10:9-16). Before jumping to hasty conclusions, let’s notice Peter’s reaction to the vision in the very next verse (Acts 10:17).

According to the Bible and Peter, his vision does not tell Christians today that they can eat all kinds of animals. Paul makes a statement that on the surface seems to flat-out say that no food is unclean for the Christian (Romans 14:14).

We can clearly see this problem when the Jews accuse Jesus for eating without washing His hands (Mark 7:2). In response to this, Jesus tells them that nothing that you eat can make you defiled (points).

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Jesus confronts them by calling these regulations, and washings in this particular case, that would make the food points, are not of God but are man-made rules (Mark 7:3; 7:7-9). Traditions of man vs commandments of God Not following the man-made rules from the Jews, does not defile or make the food from clean animals unclean.

He should no longer call common (points), that which God has made clean (Acts 10:15). Neither Paul nor Jesus here talk about that the animals God called unclean, are now okay for Christians to eat.

Can you imagine that Paul says that it is lawful for us to commit adultery, kill and steal, but it simply might not be as constructive as others things? The Christian Jews didn’t want to have this meat because in their eyes it was defiled (points).

And the gentile converts who used to be involved in this kind of practices in other religions themselves, didn’t want anything to do with that anymore. Don’t be a stumbling-block (Romans 14) Paul makes the point that Christians can eat meat offered to idols (from clean animals), but if a brother or sister is not comfortable with it, to let them be.

One person’s faith may be weak, and they do not believe that they can eat that is offered to idols (Romans 14:1-2). Another’s faith may be strong, and believe like Paul that these meats are not defiled (points, Romans 14:14; 14:20), but perfectly fine to eat.

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Paul’s point in both cases, is not that unclean animals (akathartos) are all of a sudden clean. This verse too on the surface seems to clearly tell us that all creatures of God are good, nothing to be refused when received with thanksgiving.

So all the creatures that are good and to be received with thanksgiving are the animals that God declared as clean. The context makes it clear that Paul is not talking about clean or unclean animals.

Secondly, the institution of clean and unclean foods even predates the ceremonial law. This verse actually refers to the meat and drink offerings found in the ceremonial law.

And we have established that the New Testament in no way tells the Christian today that anything changed and that we are free to eat anything we want. And honor the principle that God brings to the front, to live and eat healthy.

Are you willing to open your fridge or freezer, throw out all the unclean food, and obey God’s dietary laws? According to these religions, persons who handle such animals may need to ritually purify themselves to get rid of their uncleanliness.

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A Torah scroll and silver pointer (had) used in reading. In Judaism, the concept of “impure animals”, plays a prominent role in the Washout, the part of Jewish law that specifies which foods are allowed (kosher) or forbidden to Jews. These laws are based upon the Books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy of the Torah and in the extensive body of rabbinical commentaries (the Talmud).

The concept of unclean animals is also mentioned in the Book of Genesis, when Noah is instructed to bring into the Ark all sorts “of pure beasts, and of beasts that are impure, and of fowls, and of every thing that creeper upon the earth”. In the Torah, some animals are explicitly named as pure or impure, while others are classified by anatomical characteristics or other criteria.

In some cases, there is some doubt as to the precise meaning of the Biblical Hebrew animal name. According to Jewish dietary laws, to be “pure” an animal must also be free from certain defects, and must be slaughtered and cleaned according to specific regulations (Sheila).

The prohibitions also extend to certain parts of pure animals, such as blood, certain fat tissues, and the sciatic nerves. Finally, it is forbidden to cook the meat of an animal in the milk or dairy product of that same animal, which has in turn led to the traditional practice of using separate complete sets of kitchen utensils for meat and dairy to totally ensure this rule is not broken.

The Torah does not classify animals under modern scientific categories of mammals, fish, reptiles and birds. ), flying animals (birds, insects, flying mammals such as bats), and water-bound animals (fish, mammals such as whales, reptiles such as sea snakes, crustaceans, mollusks, etc.

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Given that each of these religious categories of animals includes species of at least two or more of each scientific categories of animals, there is no general washout rules relating per se to mammals, birds, reptiles, or fish. However, rules for each of these class of animals can be extrapolated from the biblical requirements.

According to the Torah, land-dwelling animals that both chew the cud (ruminate) and have cloven hooves, are kosher. By these requirements, any land-dwelling animal that is kosher can only possibly be a mammal, but even then, permitted are only those mammals that are placentals and strictly herbivorous (not omnivores nor carnivores) that both ruminate and also have cloven hooves, such as bovines (cattle/cows, bison, buffalo, yak, etc.

), sheep, goats, deer, antelope, and technically, also giraffes. Although the giraffe falls under the kosher category by its characteristics, it does not have a mayoral (tradition) for its consumption by any Jewish community.

Those land-dwelling mammals that have only one of the two characteristics of kosher land-dwellers (only ruminant or only cloven hooked) are impure and cannot be consumed. Among mammals that Leviticus cites explicitly as an example of unclean is the camel, because it ruminates but does not have a cloven hoof; the hoax and the hare are also explicitly given as an example of being excluded as kosher on the same grounds.

Quintessentially, the Torah explicitly declares the pig unclean, because it has cloven hooves but does not ruminate. Thus, prior to European settlement, there were no kosher land-dwelling or flying animals in Australia.

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According to Leviticus 11:9–10, anything that comes from the water (“in the seas, and in the rivers”) that has both fins and scales may be eaten. All other non-fish water creatures are, by default, also not kosher, including amphibians, crustaceans, mollusks, water-bound mammals, water-bound reptiles, etc.

While there is nothing specifically mentioned in Jewish Falasha requiring kosher fish having an exoskeleton (“inner skeleton”) and gills (as opposed to lungs), every true fish that has both scales and fins by default also possesses an exoskeleton and gills. Any sea creature that lacks gills and can only breathe oxygen from air through lungs, or has an exoskeleton instead of and exoskeleton, :343 is by default not kosher.

The definition of scales does not include the shells of prawns and shrimp, which are in fact the exoskeleton (“outer skeleton”) of these animals, in the same manner as the shells of lobsters or crabs. Even if these shells were to be misidentified as scales, these creatures would still not be kosher as they lack fins.

The Torah names only a few birds that may not be eaten; those not in the list are presumed to be kosher. However, the precise identity of the unclean birds is a matter of contention in traditional Jewish texts.

It is therefore common to eat only birds with a clear mayoral (tradition) of being kosher in at least one Jewish community, such as domestic fowl. Leviticus 11 lists, among other things, the specifically kosher birds.

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Eagle Vulture and Black Vulture Red and Black Kite Raven Owl (Horned, Screech, Little, Great, White, and Desert) Gull Hawk Cormorant Osprey Stork Heron Hope The Torah allows eating certain kinds of “winged swarming things” (i.e. insects) while prohibiting others.

An exception is made for certain locusts (Schistocerca Gregorian), which are traditionally considered kosher by some Yemenite Jewish communities. Some scholars have conjectured that the Jewish concept of unclean animals” arose out of public health concerns by community leaders, since, in the conditions of the times, some of those animals are indeed more likely to cause food poisoning or transmit diseases to people who consume them.

BritishanthropologistMary Douglas proposed that the unclean label had philosophical grounds, namely it was cast on foods that did not seem to fall neatly into any symbolic category. The pig, for example, was seen as an “ambiguous” creature, because it had cloven hoof like cattle, but did not chew cud.

In the very early days of Christianity it was debated if converts ought to follow Jewish customs (including circumcision and dietary laws) or not. According to the account of the Council of Jerusalem in Acts 15, a compromise was reached between those who wanted full compliance and those who favored a more liberal view.

It was agreed that the converted Gentiles would have to bear “no greater burden than these necessary things: that ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication”. Jesus is quoted in Mark 7:14–23 as saying “There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him ... whatsoever thing from without entered into the man, it cannot defile him; because it entered not into his heart, but into the belly”; and in Matthew 15:10–11.

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These statements are often cited for support of the view that practicing Christianity does not include dietary restrictions. Supporters of the liberal view also point to Peter's vision reported in Acts 10:10–16 and Acts 11:5–10 in which God invited him to “kill and eat” from the animals in the “great sheet” containing “all manner of four footed beasts of the earth, and wild beasts, and creeping things, and fowls of the air”.

They also draw support from the writings of apostles Timothy (1 Timothy 4:3–5, “For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it is received with thanksgiving; for it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer”) and Paul (Colossians 2:8–16, “Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of a holiday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days”). Others also argue that the dietary restrictions predate Leviticus, and that Paul in Colossians 2 was referring to the ceremonial feast days such as the Feast of Unleavened Bread and not clean and unclean foods.

Others argue that the liberal view would imply the acceptance even of alcohol, tobacco, rats and roaches as “clean food”; and that God never declares something an abomination and then changes His mind. Supporters of the stricter view have also disputed the interpretation of Peter's vision Acts 10:5–10, claiming that God was merely instructing him not to refer to gentiles as unclean since salvation had been extended to them.

This is expressly stated by Peter later in the chapter at Acts 10:28 (“but God hath shewed me that I should not call any man common or unclean.”) In Acts 10:14 Peter makes a distinction between “common” (Greek ) and unclean (Greek ) to which God replies in the next verse “What God hath cleansed, that call not thou common ”.

In the Roman Catholic Church, it was forbidden to eat meat (defined as the flesh of any warm-blooded animal) on Friday, but as a penance to commemorate Christ's death rather than for meats being regarded as unclean “. In the 1983 Code of Canon Law, the current code of canon law for the Roman Catholic Church, the Friday abstinence from meat is prescribed for “those who have completed their fourteenth year of age”.

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Once a person has begun his or her sixtieth year, the abstinence is no longer obligatory. Canon 1253 allows each particular conference of bishops to “determine more precisely the observance of fast and abstinence as well as substitute other forms of penance, especially works of charity and exercises of piety, in whole or in part, for abstinence and fast”.

The current disciplinary norms from a document produced by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, titled “Pastoral Statement On Penance And Abstinence”, remove the penalty of sin for Roman Catholics in the United States who choose not to abstain from meat, while the document “give first place to abstinence from flesh meat”. Roman Catholics in the United States are, therefore, free to substitute some form of penance on Fridays of the whole year, while the Lenten abstinence remain obligatory.

Adventists are known for presenting a “health message” that advocates vegetarianism and expects adherence to the kosher laws, particularly the consumption of kosher foods described in Leviticus 11, meaning abstinence from pork, shellfish, and other animals proscribed as unclean “. In Islam several animals are considered unclean and their consumption is sinful (harm), except in case of necessity; while others are permitted (halal), as long as they are slaughtered in the proper manner and with blessings given to God.

The Qur'an expressly forbids consumption of “the flesh of swine” There are no other “impure animals” explicitly named in the Qur'an. If someone converts to Islam, Allah “allows them as lawful what is good and prohibits them from what is bad; he releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that were upon them”.

For other animals, great importance is given to the manner of its death: forbidden are blood and carrion (“dead meat”), and any animal that has been “killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by being gored to death”. Finally, the Qur'an forbids food which has been invoked by a name other than Allah, which has been sacrificed on stone altars, or has been subjected to the pagan practice of raffling with arrows.

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According to the majority of Sunni scholars, dogs can be owned by farmers, hunters, and shepherds for the purpose of hunting and guarding and the Qur'an states that it is permissible to eat what trained dogs catch. Among the Bedouin, the Saudi dogs are cherished as companions and allowed in the tents.

Nevertheless, many Islamic teachers state dogs should be considered unclean and that Muslims licked by them must perform ritual purification. According to a Sunni Islam Hadith, a plate that a dog has used for feeding must be washed seven times, including once with clean sand mixed with the water, before a person may eat from it.

Off the Each: Why Observant Jews Leave Judaism : How to Respond to the Challenge. Biblical Research Institute General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists.

See especially sections entitled “Lent” and “Christ Died for Our Salvation on Friday”. History of Seventh-day Adventist Work with Soy foods, Vegetarianism, Meat Alternatives, Wheat Gluten, Dietary Fiber and Peanut Butter (1863-2013): Extensively Annotated Bibliography and Sourcebook.

To better comprehend God’s dietary laws, we need to learn the basic distinction between clean and unclean. In Leviticus 11, these adjectives describe animals that have been designated by the Lord as either fit or unfit for human consumption.

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Notions of ritual purity and impurity (“ clean and unclean ”) are some of the hardest of all biblical concepts to grasp. At the same time, if we are confused, annoyed or bored with it, the problem is likely on our end (in this case, with me trying to communicate it to you).

One reason this stuff is so hard is that it all relates to God’s dwelling place on earth: the Tabernacle or Temple. The words clean and unclean are misleading, since they seem to imply something about general hygiene.

It is equally wrong to suppose that clean and unclean refer to an animal’s moral state. Ritual impurity is completely different from physical cleanness, and it has nothing to do with intrinsic goodness or badness.

Levitical concerns about contracting ritual impurity through bodily discharges, dead rodents and lepers are not relevant without a Temple. Explaining the intricacies of the Tabernacle/Temple system, and the associated requirements for entering into God’s presence in His dwelling place on earth, is beyond the scope of this book.

I am making some sweeping generalizations about that system and its God-given requirements that may lead to more questions than answers. In fact, many of these generalizations may contradict what most of us have learned over the years about clean and unclean and the role of the Temple/Tabernacle.

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In order to read the Bible without getting stuck, this extremely detailed topic has, over the years, been understandably oversimplified. As we study what the Bible says about meat, however, let’s stick our toes into the deep ocean of meaning hidden beneath the surface of these concepts.

As we begin to understand a tiny bit about clean and unclean, I hope two things are becoming clear. He deliberately touched dead people (Luke 7:14) and lepers (Matthew 8:3, Mark 1:41).

According to the Torah, both of these actions would have rendered Jesus unclean and temporarily ineligible to participate in Temple worship activities. He healed the leper and raised the dead with His touch, not in defiance of the Torah’s rules, but in conformity with them.

It was simply part of God’s system for designating who was eligible to enter His physical dwelling place on earth (the Tabernacle/Temple). The New Testament reminds us that it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.

Notice the different language used for food commands (“ you may eat… ”“ you must not eat… ”) and those related to the Temple/Tabernacle system (“ whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean till evening… ”). Also notice that when a person becomes unclean by touching a dead rodent or some other nasty thing, it is only a temporary condition, usually lasting only until sunset.

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These seemingly bizarre concepts may baffle us, but remember: they are part of God’s Word. However, Islam does not forbid meat, unless it is pork, ham, etc., or is unclean somehow.

According to Judaism or Islam it's about the worst, most unclean meat you can eat. To most others like myself unclean simply means you didn't wash or cook the meat before you consumed it, nor are we going to hell for eating it.

Yes they were using horse meat in the burgers and mixing it with the ground beef from the cow Answer 2: If you are referring to the UK/ European horse meat scandal then no, it was Burger King that used horse meat in their burgers. Burger King itself did not mix the horse meat in with the beef, that occurred at the processing facility and Burger King has since stopped receiving meat products from that processor.

Montreal smoked meat is made from beef brisket that is salted and cured with spices. We ended last time with the proposition that to understand the Hebrew dietary laws (given to them by Jehovah on Mt.

Sinai) we must understand that in doing so God placed diet directly at the center of holiness and purity as He defines it. Food was a major issue since the time of Adam and Eve; in fact we find it wasn’t until AFTER the Great Flood that the killing of animals for meat was even permitted by the Lord.

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For sure the Jewish sages and Rabbis have expanded the dietary laws into such complexity that sometimes it's hard to realize that God’s rules in the Torah about food were few and basic. It’s typical and usual, it is NOT set apart; and the term applies to the largest group.

Holy on the other hand holds the highest position and carries the greatest value. For instance; Jehovah deemed Israel as being holy and the rest of the world as common.

That is NOT a philosophy or an ideal; it is a hard, fast, fundamental axiom that rules the Universe. Everything in this current world since the fall of Adam and Eve BEGINS as something common; you, me, plants, animals, dirt, water, everything.

Our Western Church way of saying it is that we leave the Old Self behind and become a New Person in Christ, which is absolutely correct. But this is just a modern gentile way of re-expressing the ancient Torah concept of the common becoming holy at God’s decision.

It is so important for us to grasp that, just like the Israelites, once Jehovah declares you holy, you are no longer common despite how you may still view yourself. Common things can be subdivided into two separate and distinct groups: clean and unclean.

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Despite what modern church doctrine might say, the reality is that what constitutes clean and unclean, holy and common are NOT defined in the New Testament; for that we must turn to Torah. That said, certain incidents in the OT show that while it may be theoretically possible for holiness to be transmitted to something common or unclean by simple contact, the Lord interrupts the process by destroying that thing that has touched the holy; thus really making the whole question moot.

What I’m trying to show you using mere words is some almost indescribable spiritual principles that Jehovah has built-in to the entire Universe. And I’m sad to say that most Christians will NEVER in our entire church-lives encounter an explanation of these principles; but any 6 or 7-year-old Jewish child who has gone to a typical Jewish school will know them by heart, even if they don’t fully comprehend the significance.

Clean and common is generally, but not entirely, the current natural state of the fallen world. The result is that the holy is temporarily defiled and the unclean thing is annihilated.

So here is the easiest rule for you to remember about all I’ve just described: common and clean is the natural and beginning state of most things, mankind included. Now we’ll hear a lot of the use of the words “clean” and “pure” in the Torah.

With these basic rules of purity to go by, and understanding that these rules underlay the basic fabric of the entire Universe as we know it, then we can begin to see why there are barriers put up by God between His holy self and common man. As such they could not have contact with His presence; that is why the Lord HAD to put them outside the Garden of Eden, His earthy dwelling place.

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The church word for this process or event of the common becoming holy is sanctification…or, for the more evangelical, it’s called being SAVED. In the era of Moses, and up until Christ’s death, God granted His grace upon those who He called……and whom He called was Israel.

God granted His grace upon Israel contingent on them obeying the Torah rules and rituals that He ordained. Contingent upon them trusting solely in the finished work of Jeshua HaMashiach, Jesus the Christ, the Son of God.

But in either era, Moses’ or Christ’s, holiness was granted by means of God’s grace. Look; moderns tend to see the end game of Salvation as being forgiven, cleansed, from our sin.

Holiness, purity, and cleanness are the fundamental issues that all Believers should be concerning ourselves with at all times. The Hebrews of the Biblical times were obsessed with purity and cleanness issues for good reason: their status of being holy could be lost.

See the typical Hebrew marched up and down a spiritual ladder with holiness at the top and uncleanness at the bottom. If they broke the Law……they sinned…….they disobeyed one of the commandments given to them by Moses, their holiness was put into a state of suspension (so to speak).

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Let me say that again: disobedience to most Torah commands brought them to a temporary state of being common but (typically) clean. Once a person who was unclean, for whatever reason, was made clean again…. Then they could go to the sacrificial system and perform the appropriate sacrifice to regain their status as holy.

The term used to describe this process of regaining the holy status that had been put on hold is atonement. Atonement had to be made in the form of a specific animal sacrifice in order to elevate a person who is common and clean BACK into a state of holiness.

Is it any wonder that Paul and other Torah observant Jews who understood and accepted what Christ did for them were so excited to explain it to their Jewish friends? Christ’s sacrifice of atonement put the Believer into a PERMANENT state of holiness….never again to be common.

Of all the great quests undertaken by Rabbis, sages, and Bible scholars……ancient or recent…… Jewish or Gentile, few subjects have been so challenging as to comprehensively identify the underlying meaning of the term “holiness”. Yet that somehow seems incomplete and inadequate; Leviticus shows us there is far more involved than that simplistic statement.

Of all the explanations I have come across the one that best brings it together for me…the one that seems most true to the Word of God, blending the spiritual with the physical, is this: the chief nature of holiness is wholeness and completeness. In verse 1 we find Jehovah speaking, presumably audibly, to BOTH Moses and Aaron.

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This is the first time that Jehovah was giving a listing of exactly which animals could be eaten with His blessing. After the fall they were to be killed and used strictly for the purpose of sacrificing to Jehovah, so that mankind could atone for his sin with the animals’ blood.

CJB Genesis 9:1 God blessed Coach and his sons and said to them, “Be fruitful, multiply and fill the earth. 2 The fear and dread of you will be upon every wild animal, every bird in the air, every creature populating the ground, and all the fish in the sea; they have been handed over to you.

3 Every moving things that lives will be food for you; just as I gave you green plants before, so now I give you everything- 4 only flesh with its life, which is its blood, you are not to eat. Now in Leviticus 11 the Lord was allowing men to eat living creatures but only of certain types.

Interestingly some time after Jeshua comes again animals will no longer be permitted for food. And the first group of living creatures from which men may kill and eat are, in Hebrew, Nehemiah.

We’re going to see that Jehovah will show men they can kill and eat animals that inhabit 3 different “spheres” of the earth….that is, 3 different types of earthly environment….water, air, and land. Of the Nehemiah, the land animals that Israel may freely kill and eat are declared to be CLEAN.

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But note this: until Israel was elected, dived, and separated from all other nations by the Lord, all people on earth were of the same status in God’s eyes: common. Once God took Israel and set them apart as His chosen people and redeemed them, suddenly the world became divided into two distinct groups of people with different status: those who were holy and everybody else; or more to the point, Israel and everybody else (the else are called gentiles).

Jehovah lays down a visible means for Israel to discern which of the many kinds of Nehemiah He approves for use as food. Physical characteristic number one is that an approved Nehemiah must have a cloven hoof.

Therefore, horses have UN cloven hooves, and are deemed unfit to eat; in the Biblical way of speaking they are unclean. So chewing the cud is basically a description of how a certain animal’s digestive system is designed.

In verse 4 Jehovah gives some examples of common animals that were typically used for food in that era but were off-limits for Israel; and He explains just WHY they are off limits. The Camel, for instance, chews the cud, but it doesn’t have a cloven hoof.

Perhaps it’s also good for us to learn the Hebrew word that is translated as unclean because we’ll run into it time and again in the Torah. Let’s be very clear about this term, taxa ”, unclean : it has NOTHING to do with hygiene or whether it is inherently edible by humans.

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Rather it is a spiritual matter; for Jehovah has, for His own good reasons, declared by fiat that certain animals are NOT to be eaten by anyone considered to be one of His people. Jehovah instructs that unclean animals may NOT be eaten AND an Israelite cannot touch the dead carcass of one, either.

What this means is that if for some reason you stumble over a dead animal or have to kill one for some purpose, you can’t even touch it. HOWEVER, as we’ll find out in later chapters there is no prohibition against touching a LIVE unclean animal.

Therefore, a Hare could be a pet or a Camel could be ridden or used for a beast of burden by an Israelite….no problem. It seems to carry with it the idea of randomness…….something that both tends to stay in a group, and something that unpredictably darts about.

The chief characteristic of the unclean sea creature is that rather than swim through the water (using fins) it either crawls on the bottom or slithers about like a snake. In verse 10 a kind of SUPER category of unclean animals is introduced; something described as sheets in Hebrew.

The term sheets ”, detestable, an abomination, is reserved for describing the MOST serious category of unclean thing. A good thing to know as we go through the Bible, because we can all probably think of a verse or two in which Jehovah calls something an abomination.

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And, interestingly, in a deviation from previous practice rather than describe the characteristics of the CLEAN and therefore edible bird, it describes the characteristics of the UNCLEAN ; with the idea that all other varieties of birds are to be considered clean and therefore an approved food source. The eagle, vulture, kite and falcon are named first, followed by a couple types of owls, the pelican, and stork, even a bat.

HOWEVER, please note that the Scriptures do NOT specifically say that the attribute of eating other living creatures is what makes the birds on this list UNCLEAN. Next in verse 20 we get another category of living creature that resides in the “air sphere”: flying insects.

Insects were a normal and everyday part of diet in most societies of this era. He does so by giving a broad and sweeping category of insects that are detestable, sheets, and then listing the exceptions to the rule….those that would be acceptable, clean, Thor.

That is their legs were designed to bend and operate with a springing action so that they can jump or hop. As part of a further discussion of holiness and purity after we’ve gone through chapter 11 we’ll delve into the possible reason why this particular characteristic, hopping on all 4’s, made these insects clean for eating.

I point this out because Judaism has evolved these few Scriptural laws into an enormous man made system of dietary rules and regulations, complete with ritual hand washing and the prohibition against eating in the presence of gentiles who might touch your food and therefore defile it. In a couple more weeks we’ll be better equipped to understand exactly what issue Jeshua was dealing with.

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And let me preview it by saying that, like most things He got into arguments with the Jewish religious leadership over, it revolved around His revulsion of man made traditions…. So beginning in verse 24 we get a list of unclean things that, if one comes into contact with one of these, one will become ritually impure.

And there are basically 3 kinds of contact discussed here: touching, carrying, and containing….containing refers to contain ERS like bowls and pots. Basically the rule is that whoever touches the carcass of some categories of dead animals will be considered unclean, but only in a very limited way.

Another part of the rule is that anyone who CARRIES the carcass of one of the prohibited dead animals is also unclean until sundown PLUS there is the added requirement that they must wash their clothing. Verse 29 discusses the transmission of uncleanness from a different category of living creatures….those described as “swarming”…….animals that dart about rather haphazardly.

And the list includes mice, rats, lizards, even crocodiles and presumably alligators. At the end of chapter 11 when we discuss more about purity and holiness we’ll also talk about what is normal and abnormal, and how it has much to do with what Jehovah has declared clean and unclean.

One area that the world has surely done away with God's law is that of clean and unclean meats. Those who believe this quote passages from the Bible that seem to say that all food, even the unclean ones, have somehow been made fit for us to eat today.

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(Source: www.pinterest.com)

A common argument is that the clean and unclean laws were part of the Old Covenant, and that is “obsolete and. This study will not convince anyone whose mind is set through the unbelieving arguments of this world, but it will build a foundation of biblical logic for us to stand on regarding this subject.

Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14 contain God's commandment to Israel concerning clean and unclean meats. For instance, He tells us specifically that the camel, the hoax (rock badger), the hare, and the swine are unclean (Leviticus 11:4-8), but regarding fish He instructs us to determine if a species possesses both fins and scales (verse 9).

Many of us have had experience, either personally or by an acquaintance, with poisoning by trichinosis (a disease caused by parasitic worm larvae) in pork or becoming deadly sick from shellfish. Then others will bring up “Aunt Sarah,” who ate pork and crawdads, drank a bottle of whiskey, smoked cigars every day, and lived to be 102 years old.

God designed many of the unclean animals for the specific purpose of disposing of the earth's garbage. For instance, without feeling any ill effect, vultures can consume 59 times the amount of bottling, the neurotoxin that causes botulism, that it would take to kill a man.

The Voice then responds, “What God has cleansed you must not call common” (verse 15). It is evident from a thorough reading of the chapter that it is entirely devoted to the conversion of Cornelius, a Roman centurion (verse 1), the first Gentile baptized into God's church.

Second, it is apparent that Peter himself does not at first understand what his vision meant (verse 17); he certainly does not jump to the conclusion that all meats are now clean. While he is pondering it, a delegation from Cornelius arrives and requests that he travel with them to Caesar to speak to the centurion.

If anyone knew that the law of clean and unclean meats had been abolished by Christ's sacrificial death, it would have been Peter, but at this point, a decade later, he is operating under no such notion. To those assembled in Cornelius' house, he says, “You know how unlawful it is for a Jewish man to keep company with or go to one of another nation.

But God has shown me that I should not call any man common or unclean (verse 28). The vision of unclean animals was merely an illustration God used to help Peter understand that salvation was open to those previously held at arm's length (see Acts 11:18).

The chapter begins with a prophetic warning from Paul against false teachers and their teachings “in latter times.” Their doctrines would be those of demons, and one of them commands their followers “to abstain from foods which God created to be received with thanksgiving.

God has never given mankind any other list of creatures that are divinely certified as “food.” Paul is telling Timothy not to worry about such prohibitions because God created every creature as “good” (Genesis 1:21, 24-25, 31), and a Christian should accept what he is offered to eat with thanksgiving.

This further sets apart the food we are about to eat as approved and even enhanced by God, but in no way does it make unclean meat clean. In summary, Paul is reiterating that 1) God has set certain foods apart for His people to eat; and 2) we should not be fooled by false teachers who claim either that anything and everything is good to eat or that certain biblically approved foods should not be eaten.

Mark 7:14-23 (and its parallel account in Matthew 15:1-20) is another set of scriptures that some believe state that nothing entering into a man can defile him, therefore eating whatever one wishes is perfectly all right. Yet again, those who believe this fail to understand the subject of the chapter, which is Jesus' denunciation of the Pharisees for their rejection of God's commandments in favor of their own traditions (verse 8).

In addition, beyond this fact, note that the kind of food the apostles were eating is “bread,” not meat. Jesus' later comments speak generally of “foods” and “whatever enters the mouth,” not specifically meat.

As in the other difficult scriptures, the subject is not clean and unclean foods but eating meat versus vegetarianism (verse 2). The apostle points out that it would be wrong for the vegetarians to eat meat if they had doubts about it, as it would defile their consciences (verse 23).

Peter uses both “common” and unclean to describe meats in Acts 10:14, so there is obviously a difference between the terms. The only circumstance in which clean meats are common or defiled is when a clean animal dies naturally or is torn by beasts (Leviticus 22:8) or when the blood has not been properly drained from the meat (Leviticus 17:13-14 ; 3:17).

Such animal flesh was called common because it could be given to strangers or aliens in Old Testament times if they wished to eat it (Deuteronomy 14:21). In the case of Romans 14:14, it is likely that “defiled” would be the best term, as the meat under discussion was probably that offered to idols then sold in the marketplace for public consumption.

“The meat was not defiled in fact, just in the minds of various church members, whom Paul had earlier called “weak” (verse 2). These “weak in the faith” Christians believed that, because the meat had been offered to a pagan idol, it had become spiritually defiled.

Paul explains in I Corinthians 8:4-7 that the demon behind the idol is nothing, for “there is no other God but one” (verse 4). So we see that in these verses that Paul is not in any manner doing away with God's laws concerning clean and unclean meat.

He is discussing meat defiled or profaned due to its association with a pagan idol. In fact, all the scriptures we have reviewed confirm that the law concerning clean and unclean meats is still in effect today.

Two foundational verses are good to remember when questions over the doing away with God's law arise. God has good reasons for the laws He gives, and James reminds us, “.

You'll find lions, leopards, and bears (although no tigers), along with nearly 100 other animals, insects, and non-human creatures, mentioned throughout the Old and New Testaments. And while dogs figure prominently in several Biblical passages, interestingly there is not one mention of a domestic cat in the entire canon of Scripture.

Examples of non-kosher animals include pigs, rabbits, squirrels, bears, dogs, cats, camels and horses. Examples of kosher birds include the domestic species of chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys and pigeons.

For example, salmon, tuna, pike, flounder, carp and herring are kosher, while catfish, sturgeon, swordfish, lobster, shellfish, crabs and all water mammals are not. The common custom (practiced by almost all Jews, except certain Yemenite communities) is not to eat the kosher types of locusts either.

All animals serve some purpose in the chain of life, whether they are considered fit for eating / sacrifice or not. To only save the “clean” species would have destroyed all biodiversity and would have been unnecessarily cruel.

And the Vulture eats all that dies on the land along with the crows and other birds like them. Source(s): look @ Matthew 15:10 Jesus called the crowd to him and said, “Listen and understand.

God still wanted to maintain the difference between good and evil after the flood. So that man can still exercise his free will to choose good or evil.

Extreme fives all around and here we are at present with in basic terms a gaggle of banana slugs for all to relish. Unclean animals are scavengers, they clean the earth of things which would make us sick.

A poorly thought out stall will have a floor that is hard and compacted and can cause stress to the horse's tendons, will also encourage the lingering of odors from the ammonia rich urine and require constant maintenance to refill, due to those horses that like to paw at the ground, especially around feed bins. Ammonia has its own set of problems, and these issues are not restricted just to the smell.

When the ammonia is allowed to build up in the horse stall due to improper cleaning, it can cause an upper respiratory complaint such as pneumonia and heaves (similar to asthma in humans). The answer is quite a simple one; you must address the flooring and its ability to be cleaned free of the harmful ammonia and its left over traces.

Rubber mats are the most efficient way to ensure that your horse stall is cleaned thoroughly of any lingering effects of ammonia. Oil, grease and solvents should be immediately cleaned with soapy water as soon as possible and all residue removed.

The mat will not absorb the odor or the ammonia compound; therefore your horse will not be susceptible to respiratory illness due to unclean flooring. This means that you can expect to spend less time cleaning stalls considering the reduced volume of bedding required.

Because of this cushioning effect, the amount of bedding should be reduced to simply consist of a light covering on the ground. Your costs from bedding supply as well as time in cleaning will be reduced considerably.

The typical size for a rubber mat is 4' x 6' and can come in a straight edge or interlocking design. They are made from chemically bonded rubber that has been subjected to extreme heat and pressure in order to produce the most durable and dense mat available.

Rubber mats can withstand the harshest treatment from a horse with this habit, with shoes or without. And because rubber mats are best laid on top of asphalt, concrete or limestone fines the chance of your horse affecting the footings below are highly unlikely, with the least amount of risk to your horse’s feet and legs.

Installing the rubber matting is straight forward and can be done by the purchaser with minimum hassle. When you consider the money that you have invested into your horse and equine career, you cannot afford to get the most basic of issues like the surface of your stall wrong.

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4 www.computerhope.com - https://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch001121.htm
5 www.techjunkie.com - https://www.techjunkie.com/check-windows-10-32-64-bit/
6 www.windows-commandline.com - https://www.windows-commandline.com/check-windows-32-bit-64-bit-command-line/
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