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Are Horses Vehicles

author
David Lawrence
• Thursday, 08 October, 2020
• 16 min read

685 (1985), the court upheld the defendant’s conviction for impaired driving based upon his riding of a horse on a street with an alcohol concentration of 0.18. This broad definition reflects the legislature’s intent that horses are vehicles within the meaning of G.S.

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(Source: indoexpatriate.wordpress.com)

Contents

Whatever the view of the legislature PRE- Dillinger, that august body acted a few years later to express its then-current determination that a person should not be convicted of impaired driving for riding a horse (or a bicycle or lawnmower) while impaired. 20-138.1(e) excepting the aforementioned conveyances from the definition of “vehicle” as that term is used in the DWI statute).

In 2006, the legislature removed the bicycle and lawnmower exceptions, leaving horses among the few modes of transport–other than feet–upon which an impaired person may propel herself down a street without committing the offense of DWI. Notably, the legislature did not amend the definition of vehicle to exclude horses, nor did it repeal G.S.

Very light carts and wagons can also be pulled by donkeys (much smaller than horses), ponies or mules. Heavy wagons, carts and agricultural implements can also be pulled by other large draft animals such as oxen, water buffalo, yaks or even camels and elephants.

Two animals in single file are referred to as a tandem arrangement, and three as a random. Other arrangements are also possible, for example, three or more abreast (a troika), a wheel pair with a single lead animal (a “unicorn”), or a wheel pair with three lead animals abreast (a “pickaxe”).

Four-wheeled vehicles remain level on their own, and so the shafts or pole are hinged vertically, allowing them to rise and fall with the movement of the animals. A horse and buggy circa 1910 Ambulance : much the same purpose as the modern sense.

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(Source: damncoolcars.blogspot.com)

Details of the design varied but would be a lightly built and well-sprung, enclosed vehicle with provision for seated casualties and stretchers. Baruch : an elegant, high-slung, open carriage with a seat in the rear of the body and a raised bench at the front for the driver, a servant.

A large, four-wheeled carriage frame, circa late 19th and early 20th century. Brittney : A long, spacious carriage of four wheels, pulled by two horses.

Brougham : A specific, light four-wheeled carriage, circa mid 19th century. Joseph Hansom based the design of his public hire vehicle on the cabriolet so the name cab stuck to vehicles for public hire.

Cape cart : A two-wheeled four-seater carriage drawn by two horses and formerly used in South Africa. Carole : A light, small, two- or four-wheeled vehicle, open or covered, drawn by a single horse.

Traveling in France or Le depart DE la diligence Drawing by George Cruikshank (1818). Carriage : in the late eighteenth century, roughly equivalent to the modern word “vehicle” .

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(Source: carfromjapan.com)

It is a light, four-wheeled vehicle, usually drawn by a single horse and with seats for four or more passengers. Chaise : A light two- or four-wheeled traveling or pleasure carriage, with a folding hood or clash top for one or two people.

Charabanc : A larger wagon pulled by multiple horses. Como : a form of horse-drawn carriage popular in the Lesser Sunday Islands of Indonesia.

Clarence : A closed, four-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle with a projecting glass front and seats for four passengers inside. Coach : A large, usually closed, four-wheeled carriage with two or more horses harnessed as a team, controlled by a coachman.

Curricula : A smart, light two-wheeled chaise or “chariot”, large enough for the driver and a passenger and usually drawn by a carefully matched pair of horses. Equipage Face : A form of hackney coach, a horse-drawn four-wheeled carriage for hire.

Gig (carriage) : A light, two-wheeled sprung cart pulled by one horse. Karin : a traditional Maltese carriage drawn by one horse or a pair Kid hack : a van used in the US for carrying children to and from school.

horse
(Source: www.dicasecuriosidades.net)

Rally car : a light two wheeled sprung cart (gig) with two forward-facing and two rear-facing seats back-to-back, and a sliding fore-and-aft seat adjustment to allow the vehicle to balance with different numbers of passengers. Rig Rock away : A term applied to two types of carriage: a light, low, United States four-wheel carriage with a fixed top and open sides that may be covered by waterproof curtains, and a heavy carriage enclosed at sides and rear, with a door on each side.

Sleigh : a vehicle with runners for use in snow Spider phaeton : Of American origin and made for gentlemen drivers, a high and lightly constructed carriage with a covered seat in front and a footman's seat behind Sprung cart : a light, two-wheeled vehicle with springing, for informal passenger use. Stagecoach : a public coach travelling in timetabled stages between stables which supply fresh horses.

Surrey : A popular American odorless, four-wheeled carriage of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, usually two seated for four passengers. Tango : a light horse-drawn carriage used for transportation in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

Varanasi or Tyrants: A Russian four-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle on a long longitudinal frame. Often made of steel with motorcycle wheels, and sometimes with adjustable shafts for different-sized horses.

Unstrung cart : A simple two-wheeled vehicle for workaday use in carrying bulk loads. Chasse-marée : A four-horse adaptation of the cart principle for the rapid delivery of fish to French markets.

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(Source: www.greencarreports.com)

Float : A light, two-wheeled domestic delivery vehicle with the center of its axle cranked downward to allow low-loading and easy access to the goods. Truck : A low-loading platform body with four small wheels mounted underneath it.

Mafia: An unstrung cart which could be extended forwards with the addition of front wheels. It was used by small farmers as and when dense or bulky loads were to be carried (muck-spreading and harvest).

Prairie schooner : The name given years later to the canvas-topped farm wagons used by North American settlers to move their families and capital goods westward. Elena Travis : A very simple sledge used for moving relatively small loads, consisting of a pair of shafts dragging on the ground.

The lift van was the direct counterpart of the modern container in the materials and size appropriate to its time. A model of a 2-ton slate wagon and load, from the Destining narrow gauge railway Broad boat : Used on the broad (14 ft) canals of Britain and towed from the tow-path.

Flatboat : A canal boat of simple box-shaped design used on nineteenth-century American waterways. A German farmer working the land with horses and plow Russian WWI thanks.

horse horses royalty dreamstime
(Source: www.dreamstime.com)

Its gun carriage is in the foreground and its limber or caisson beyond.horse-powered earth moving equipment ^ The term horsecar is used primarily in the UK to refer to a rail-based vehicle drawn by horses. Last year our sister site, AnnArbor.com, featured a guest column on this subject whose author, Kathy Lundberg, a stable owner, explained, “Only after dismounting is the rider considered a pedestrian and the horse an animal.

“Otherwise indicated” would include most freeways and toll roads, where this would be stated with signage to the effect of, “No animals, bicycles or pedestrians beyond this point.” Laws “which by their very nature may not have application” include fairly obvious things that do not apply to horses, such as rules about headlamps, windshield wipers, seat belts, etc.

Lundberg points out that courtesy and common sense are called for by all parties, but, understandably, the burden for caution rests a little more heavily on the shoulders of the motorist because the stakes are so high. These collisions are relatively rare and, as Lundberg writes, not tracked reliably in the U.S., but anybody who has had a near miss with a horse -- as I did once, in greater Zeeland -- will tell you it’s undeniably nerve-rattling.

• There is no legal age limit for riding a horse, but novice riders should never go on roads without a more experienced companion. • If you need to cross the road, wait for a comfortable gap in traffic and signal your intentions clearly to any vehicle that might be in the vicinity.

(I wonder if I'm the only person snickering at the term “implement of husbandry” in the context of this week's silly holiday.) The relevant portion of the Michigan Vehicle Code on lights and signage for implements of husbandry and SMS is here.

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(Source: www.exploresondoong.com)

Interesting side note: In Michigan and many other states, the rules about orange safety triangles apply to the Amish, whose horse-and-buggy conveyances are a common site in some parts of the country. In Kentucky, an ultraconservative Amish group is fighting a series of recent arrests for failure to use the warning triangles, on the grounds the law violates their religious freedom.

This is one of those “up to interpretation” sections of state law, but in general, if there is a line of traffic behind your romantic carriage ride, the driver might be guilty of a civil infraction. The horse and cart is one of the simplest forms of transportation known to man, used throughout history from the fifth millennium B. C onward.

Though the variations of this vehicle developed throughout the centuries, its role as a key means of transport remained. The horse and cart played a prominent role in medieval European society.

In the 17th century, horses and carts had better engineering that made for a safer, smoother ride. Across Europe, coach builders, painters, and upholsterers collaborated to produce more elegant carriages with the passenger’s comfort in mind.

Today, draft horse breeds are still displayed at ceremonial events such as when the queen of England is trooping the royal colors. For example, French and British horse-drawn carriages required a coachman to drive while sitting on a raised seat in the front.

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In 19th and 20th century Spain, however, men drove horse-and-cart combinations by actually riding the horse pulling the cart. Meanwhile, in 19th century South Africa, teams of up to six horses or oxen were used together with a cart to plow tough soil.

More than 300 different types of horse-drawn carriages have been recorded throughout the years, including the cabriolet, road coach, stagecoach, and the Annette. The Legislature, recognizing that the movement of traffic was controlled by a “hodgepodge of ordinances which vary as to language and penalty,” thereby resulting in an inconvenience and hazard to travelers, consolidated the existing state traffic laws contained in Ch.

See s. 316.002, which also states that it is unlawful for any local authority (which includes all officials of the several counties and municipalities, s. 316.003(20)), to pass or to attempt to enforce any ordinance in conflict with the provisions of Ch. 316.002 and 316.007 operate to prohibit and have the effect of prohibiting any local legislation on traffic control or the enforcement thereof under the police power by a municipality, except as may be expressly authorized by the Uniform Traffic Control Law.

See also s. 316.003(54), defining “street or highway” to mean “he entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic”; subsection (43), defining “roadway” to mean that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular traffic, exclusive of the berm or shoulder; and subsection (64), defining “vehicle” as “NY device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, except bicycles or 'mopeds' as defined in subsection (2) or devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.” Moreover, s. 316.073 expressly states that every person riding an animal or driving an animal-drawn vehicle upon a roadway shall be subject to the provisions of Ch.

Based upon the foregoing statutory provisions and definitions, it appears clear that the use of the public streets of a municipality by horses, ridden or driven, at least on that portion of the street used for vehicular traffic, is uniformly regulated and preempted to the state by Ch. 316, and a municipality may not therefore regulate or prohibit such traffic on the streets within its jurisdiction unless expressly authorized to do so.

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(Source: equineink.com)

AGO's 077-84 (municipalities prohibited from regulating mopeds or moped drivers except as authorized by the Uniform Traffic Control Law) and 074-361 (municipality may not regulate hitchhiking unless expressly authorized to do so by the Legislature.) Section 316.008 expressly enumerates those areas within which municipalities may control certain traffic movement or parking on the streets and highways in their respective jurisdictions.

Among those areas so enumerated, paragraphs (g), (m), (n), and (p) of s. 316.008(1) respectively empower a municipality in the reasonable exercise of its police power to restrict the use of streets; to prohibit or regulate the use of controlled access roadways by any class or kind of traffic; to prohibit or regulate the use of heavily traveled streets by any class or kind of traffic found to be incompatible with the normal and safe movement of traffic; and to designate and regulate traffic on play streets. As previously noted, every person riding an animal or driving an animal-drawn vehicle upon a roadway is subject to the provisions of Ch.

Therefore, under certain conditions, and in the reasonable and nondiscriminatory exercise of its police power, a municipality may regulate or prohibit the use of certain streets within the municipality by any class or kind of traffic or designate and restrict or regulate the use of its public streets as prescribed by the provisions of s. 316.008. From the broncos to rubies, colts to ponies, pintos to mustangs and more, we have a fun and informative list of famous cars named after horses.

The Ford Bronco was originally manufactured for a 30-year time span from 1966 to 1996. A white, 1993 Ford Bronco has the unfortunate distinction of being one of the most notoriously well-known automobiles in recent history.

On June 17, 1994, former professional football player Orenthal James Simpson (aka OJ Simpson) was supposed to turn himself in to authorities as a suspect in the double murders of his wife and another man. Instead of turning himself in, however, Simpson's location was unknown until he was spotted riding in a white Ford Bronco owned and driven by his long-time friend and fellow retired football player Al Cowlings.

jaunting irish 1900 1890 horse drawn transportation vehicle file revolution ireland industrial commons wikipedia outside carriage transport wikimedia carts century
(Source: en.wikipedia.org)

A low-speed chase ensued for several hours as the authorities and the media pursued the Bronco. Since Simpson and Cowlings were difficult to see in much of the film footage of the pursuit, the eyes of the nation were focused on Cowlings' white Ford Bronco, making it instantly both famous and infamous.

Some people also use the word to mean a horse that is spirited, wild, and free. Below: A car named after a horse: A red Ford Bronco.

Made from 1970 to 1994, the Dodge Colt was a subcompact line of cars available in two-door coupes, two-door hardtops, 4-door sedans, and 5-door wagons. The word “colt” is also sometimes used more generally to refer to any young horse, whether it be male or female.

The Mustang was the first of the “pony cars,” a term that describes a compact, stylized, yet affordable auto that is also sporty or designed for performance. The BRAT, or Crumby, was a light duty, four-wheel drive utility vehicle.

It had two doors and an open cargo area in the back, somewhat similar to the bed of a pickup. Manufactured in South Korea, it has the distinction of being that country's first mass-produced car.

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It was originally manufactured by the Austrian company Steyr-Daimler-Puch, the same maker as the Harbinger vehicle described a little earlier on this page. Other sources we've found, however, state that the car was named after this same region without mentioning any connection to the horse breed.

Rather than being a specific model of an automobile, Vegas was a Spanish manufacturer of trucks, tractors, and several other types of vehicles. The company's name “Vegas” is the Spanish word for “Pegasus,” the winged, flying stallion of Greek mythology fame.

Some images and/or other content on this website are copyright © their respective owners. Vis-à-vis'S “Vis-à-vis” is french for “face-to-face”, meaning the passengers in a vis-à-vis type vehicle sit facing each other.

But please keep in mind, we can modify almost any cart to custom fit your horse or pony! This seating arrangement makes them popular pieces for commercial carriage companies for use in tours.

The smaller surreys are perfect for a Sunday drive to church, or to show off to your friends. Seating as few as four, and as many as twenty-four, a wagon is considered the people haulers of the horse-drawn vehicles' category.

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Our wide selection of over 85 horses allows our excursions to be suitable for all audiences and meet all levels of skill of the riders whether they are beginners, intermediate or experienced. All our horses have their own name, are treated with love and have been raised and trained on our farm so that they perform almost perfectly and feel very proud of their work.

They live in open fields, graze freely at night and do not have the horse complexes locked in stables most of the day. It can only be used for lighter hauling, since it places the weight of the load on the sternum of the horse and the nearby windpipe.

This is not the heaviest skeletal area; also heavy loads can constrict the windpipe and reduce a horse's air supply. By contrast, the collar and harness places the weight of the load onto the horse's shoulders, and without any restriction on the air supply.

For heavy hauling, the harness must include a horse collar to allow the animal to use its full weight and strength. Attaching the harness to the load is called putting to (British Isles) or hitching (North America).

Throughout the ancient world, the 'throat-and-girth' harness was used for harnessing horses that pulled carts ; this greatly limited a horse's ability to exert itself as it was constantly choked at the neck. A painting on a lacquerware box from the State of Chu, dated to the 4th century BC, shows the first known use of a yoke placed across a horses's chest, with traces connecting to the chariot shaft.

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Two metal or wooden strips which take the full force of the pull, padded by the collar. The leaders in a team do not have breaching, as they are in front of the shafts or pole and so cannot slow the vehicle.

Breaching may also be omitted in fine harness, or when the cart is very light or has efficient brakes on the wheels. The straps or chains which take the pull from the breast collar or hams to the load.

A small supportive piece of the harness that lies on the horse's back, not the same as a riding saddle. A strap that goes firmly around the girth of the horse to attach the harness saddle.

Prevents the shafts rising up, especially on a two-wheeled vehicle (where weight on the rear of the cart may tip the front up). A strap going through the harness saddle to join the belly band either side.

On a side-slope, one shaft will be higher than the other, and in this case the back band is normally allowed to slide sideways through the harness saddle, so the horse can walk upright without strain on the harness. Called “false”, because unlike a true martingale it does not attach to the bridle or have any influence on the horse's action.

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(Source: en.wikipedia.org)

A soft padded loop under the base of the tail, to keep the harness from slipping forward. Loops attached to the back band to hold up the shafts of a vehicle in van or fine harness (not needed in cart harness, which attaches to hooks on the shafts).

Metal loops on the saddle and collar to support the reins. Long leather straps (occasionally ropes) running from the bit to the driver's hands, used to guide the horses.

In teams of several animals these may be joined together so the driver need hold only one pair. These usually include blinders, also called blinkers or winkers, behind and to the side of the horse's eyes, to prevent it from being distracted by the cart and other activity behind it.

Harness racing horses sometimes have a shadow roll on the nose band of the bridle for the same purpose. A looser over check may also be used in a working harness to prevent the horse grazing.

Brass plaques mounted on leather straps, used for decoration, especially on working harness. Show harnesses for light cart driving have a breast collar instead of a horse collar and are made with strong but refined-looking leather throughout, usually black and highly polished.

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Most race harnesses incorporate a running martingale and an over check. Harness for pulling heavier vehicles always has a horse collar.

The traces are often made of chain and attach to loops on the shafts of the vehicle. A chain attached to the shafts may be passed over the saddle to carry their weight.

Similar to cart harness but without breaching, used for dragged loads such as plows, harrows, canal boats or logs. The New England D-Ring makes use of a metal D shaped ring that allows for a ninety-degree angle to be maintained at the junction of the front trace and the hams regardless of the height of the implement being pulled.

The Western harness does not provide this flexibility but has other useful characteristics such as a strap that runs from the britches to the collar which stops the pull from riding up and hitting the horses in the face when descending a steep incline.

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Sources
1 www.wenzelcoaching.com - https://www.wenzelcoaching.com/our-services/consultation/learn-to-ride-a-bike-bicycling-lessons-for-adults/
2 www.rei.com - https://www.rei.com/learn/expert-advice/how-to-learn-to-ride-a-bike-as-an-adult.html
3 www.bike.nyc - https://www.bike.nyc/education/classes/learn-to-ride-adults/
4 www.bicyclecolorado.org - https://www.bicyclecolorado.org/initiatives/bike-school/learn-to-ride/
5 www.snowshoemtn.com - https://www.snowshoemtn.com/plan-your-trip/lessons/mountain-bike-lessons
6 ottawa.ca - https://ottawa.ca/en/parking-roads-and-travel/cycling/classes-and-programs
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