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Are Lipizzaner Horses Born Black

author
Earl Hamilton
• Wednesday, 21 October, 2020
• 30 min read

Lipizzaner names Lipizzaner, KarsterCountry of originDeveloped by the House of Habsburg from Arab, Barb, Spanish and Neapolitan stock. Today associated with the nations of Austria, Croatia, Hungary, and Slovenia. TraitsDistinguishing featuresCompact, muscular, generally associated with the Spanish Riding School Breed standards Lipizzaner or Lipizzaner (Croatian : Liliana, Czech : Lilian, Hungarian : Typical, Italian : Lipizzaner, Slovene : Lipizzaner), is a horse breed named for the Li pizza Stud of the Habsburg monarchy.

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Contents

The breed is closely associated with the Spanish Riding School of Vienna, Austria, where the horses demonstrate the hate Cole or “high school” movements of classical dressage, including the highly controlled, stylized jumps and other movements known as the “airs above the ground.” The horses at the Spanish Riding School are trained using traditional methods that date back hundreds of years, based on the principles of classical dressage.

Its name derives from one of the earliest stud farms established, which was located near Li pica (spelled “Li pizza” in Italian), a village in present-day Slovenia. The rescue of the Lipizzaner during World War II by American troops was made famous by the Disney movie Miracle of the White Stallions.

The breed has also starred or played supporting roles in many movies, TV shows, books, and other media. Today, eight stallions are recognized as the classic foundation bloodstock of the breed, all foaled the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

All modern Lipizzaner trace their bloodlines to these eight stallions, and all breeding stallions have included in their name the name of the foundation sire of their bloodline. Also, classic mare lines are known, with up to 35 recognized by various breed registries.

Most Lipizzaner reside in Europe, with smaller numbers in the Americas, South Africa, and Australia. Generally gray, the Lipizzaner is a breed of Baroque type that is powerful, matures slowly, and noted for longevity.

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However, horses bred to be closer to the original carriage-horse type are taller, approaching 16.1 hands (65 inches, 165 cm). Lipizzaner have a long head, with a straight or slightly convex profile.

The jaw is deep, the ears small, the eyes large and expressive, and the nostrils flared. They have a neck that is sturdy, yet arched and withers that are low, muscular, and broad.

They are a Baroque horse, with a wide, deep chest, broad croup, and muscular shoulder. Aside from the rare solid-colored horse (usually bay or black), most Lipizzaner are gray.

Until the 18th century, Lipizzaner had other coat colors, including dun, bay, chestnut, black, piebald, and skewbald. The earliest predecessors of the Lipizzaner originated in the seventh century when Barb horses were brought into Spain by the Moors and crossed on native Spanish stock.

By the 16th century, when the Habsburg ruled both Spain and Austria, a powerful but agile horse was desired both for military uses and for use in the fashionable and rapidly growing riding schools for the nobility of Central Europe. Therefore, in 1562, the Habsburg Emperor Maximilian II brought the Spanish Andalusian horse to Austria and founded the court stud at Klaus.

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In 1580, his brother, Archduke Charles II, ruler of Inner Austria, established a similar stud at Li pizza (now Li pica), located in modern-day Slovenia, from which the breed obtained its name. When the stud farm was established, Li pizza was located within the municipal limits of Trieste, an autonomous city under Habsburg sovereignty.

The name of the village itself derives from the Slovene word Lisa, meaning linden tree.” Spanish, Barb, and Arabian stock were crossed at Li pizza, and succeeding generations were crossed with the now-extinct Neapolitan breed from Italy and other Baroque horses of Spanish descent obtained from Germany and Denmark.

While breeding stock was exchanged between the two studs, Klaus specialized in producing heavy carriage horses, while riding and light carriage horses came from the Li pizza stud. Breeding became very selective, only allowing stallions that had proved themselves at the Riding School to stand at stud, and only breeding mares that had passed rigorous performance testing.

Today, eight foundation lines for Lipizzaner are recognized by various registries, which refer to them as “dynasties”. Six trace to classical foundation stallions used in the 18th and 19th centuries by the Li pizza stud, and two additional lines were not used at Li pizza, but were used by other studs within the historic boundaries of the Habsburg Empire.

Two additional stallion lines are found in Croatia, Hungary, and other eastern European countries, as well as in North America. They are accepted as equal to the six classical lines by the Lipizzaner International Federation.

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Several other stallion lines have died out over the years, but were used in the early breeding of the horses. Traditional naming patterns are used for both stallions and mares, required by Lipizzaner breed registries.

The world-famous Spanish Riding School uses highly trained Lipizzaner stallions in public performances that demonstrate classical dressage movements and training. In 1572, the first Spanish riding hall was built, during the Austrian Empire, and is the oldest of its kind in the world.

In 1729, Charles VI commissioned the building of the Winter Riding School in Vienna and in 1735, the building was completed that remains the home of the Spanish Riding School today. The Lipizzaner endured several wartime relocations throughout their history, each of which saved the breed from extinction.

The first was in March 1797 during the War of the First Coalition, when the horses were evacuated from Li pica. In November 1797, the horses returned to Li pica, but the stables were in ruins.

They were rebuilt, but in 1805, the horses were evacuated again when Napoleon invaded Austria. The horses finally returned to Li pica for good in 1815, where they remained for the rest of the 19th century.

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Following the war, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was broken up, with Li pica becoming part of Italy. Thus, the animals were divided between several studs in the new postwar nations of Austria, Italy, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia.

The nation of Austria kept the stallions of the Spanish Riding School and some breeding stock. During World War II, the high command of Nazi Germany transferred most of Europe's Lipizzaner breeding stock to Hos tau, Czechoslovakia.

The breeding stock was taken from Fiber in 1942, and additional mares and foals from other European nations arrived in 1943. The stallions of the Spanish Riding School were evacuated to St. Martins, Austria, from Vienna in January 1945, when bombing raids neared the city and the head of the Spanish Riding School, Colonel Alois Podhajsky, feared the horses were in danger.

The rescue of the Lipizzaner by the United States Army, made famous by the Disney movie Miracle of the White Stallions, occurred in two parts: The Third United States Army, under the command of General George S. Patton, was near St. Martins in the spring of 1945 and learned that the Lipizzaner stallions were in the area. Patton himself was a horseman, and like Podhajsky, had competed in the Olympic Games.

On May 7, 1945, Podhajsky put on an exhibition of the Spanish Riding School stallions for Patton and Undersecretary of War Robert P. Patterson, and at its conclusion requested that Patton take the horses under his protection. Meanwhile, the Third Army's United States Second Cavalry, a tank unit under the command of Colonel Charles Reed, had discovered the horses at Hos tau, where 400 Allied prisoners of war were also being kept, and had occupied it on April 28, 1945.

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“Operation Cowboy”, as the rescue was known, resulted in the recovery of 1,200 horses, including 375 Lipizzaner. Patton learned of the raid, and arranged for Podhajsky to fly to Hos tau.

On May 12, American soldiers began riding, trucking, and herding the horses 35 miles across the border into Rotating, Germany. The Lipizzaner were eventually settled in temporary quarters in Impeach, until the breeding stock returned to Fiber in 1952, and the stallions returned to the Spanish Riding School in 1955.

In 2005, the Spanish Riding School celebrated the 60th anniversary of Patton's rescue by touring the United States. The Lipizzaner breed suffered a setback to its population when a viral epidemic hit the Fiber Stud in 1983.

Forty horses and 8% of the expected foal crop were lost. By 1994, 100 mares were at the stud farm and a foal crop of 56 was born in 1993.

In 1994, the rate of successful pregnancy and birth of foals increased from 27 to 82%; the result of a new veterinary center. In 1996, a study funded by the European UnionIndo-Copernicus Project assessed 586 Lipizzaner horses from eight stud farms in Europe, with the goal of developing a “scientifically based description of the Lipizzaner horse”.

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A study of the mitochondrial DNA (mt DNA) was performed on 212 of the animals, and those studied were found to contain 37 of the 39 known mt DNA haplotypes known in modern horses, meaning that they show a high degree of genetic diversity. The Lipizzaner International Federation (If) is the international governing organization for the breed, composed of many national and private organizations representing the Lipizzaner.

The organizations work together under the banner of the If to promote the breed and maintain standards. As of 2012, almost 11,000 Lipizzaner were registered with the If; residing with private breeders in 19 countries and at 9 state studs in Europe.

The other two studs are smaller, with Lucia in Bosnia having 130 horses and Karaorevo in Serbia having just 30. Because of the status of Lipizzaner as the only breed of horse developed in Slovenia, via the Li pica stud that is now located within its borders, Lipizzaner are recognized in Slovenia as a national animal.

For example, a pair of Lipizzaner is featured on the 20-cent Slovenian euro coins. In October 2008, during a visit to Slovenia, a Lipizzaner at Li pica, named 085 Favor Carissa XXII, was given to Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.

She decided to leave the animal in the care of the stud farm. The traditional horse training methods for Lipizzaner were developed at the Spanish Riding School and are based on the principles of classical dressage, which in turn traces to the Ancient Greek writer Xenophon, whose works were rediscovered in the 16th century.

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His thoughts on development of horses mental attitude and psyche are still considered applicable today. Other writers who strongly influenced the training methods of the Spanish Riding School include Federico Gris one, the founder of the first riding academy in Naples, who lived during the 16th century, and Antoine de Pluvinel and François Robinson de la Guarnieri, two Frenchmen from the 17th and 18th centuries.

The methods for training the Lipizzaner stallions at the Spanish Riding School were passed down via an oral tradition until Field Marshal Franz Holbein and Johann Manner, Senior Rider at the School, published the initial guidelines for the training of horse and rider at the school in 1898. In the mid-20th century, Alois Podhajsky wrote a number of works that serve as textbooks for many dressage riders today.

Young stallions come to the Spanish Riding School for training when they are four years old. Full training takes an average of six years for each horse, and schooling is considered complete when they have mastered the skills required to perform the “School Quadrille”.

There are three progressively more difficult skill sets taught to the stallions, which are: Forward riding, also called straight riding or the Remontenschule, is the name given to the skills taught in the first year of training, where a young horse learns to be saddled and bridled, learns basic commands on a long line, and then is taught to be ridden, mostly in an arena in simple straight lines and turns, to teach correct responses to the rider's legs and hands while mounted.

The main goal during this time is to develop free forward movement in as natural a position as possible. Campaign school, Campagneschule or Champagne, is where the horse learns collection and balance through all gaits, turns, and maneuvers.

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The horse learns to shorten and lengthen his stride and perform lateral movements to the side, and is introduced to the more complex double bridle. High-school dressage, the hate Cole or Home Schulz, includes riding the horse with greater collection with increased use of the hindquarters, developing increased regularity, skill, and finesse in all natural gaits.

In this period, the horse learns the most advanced movements such as the half-pass, counter-canter, flying change, pirouette, passage, and giraffe. This level emphasizes performance with a high degree of perfection.

Although the Fiber Stud trains mares for driving and under saddle, the Spanish Riding School exclusively uses stallions in its performances. Worldwide, the Lipizzaner today competes in dressage and driving, as well as retaining their classic position at the Spanish Riding School.

The “airs above the ground” are the difficult “high school” dressage movements made famous by the Lipizzaner. The evade is a position wherein the horse raises up both front legs, standing at a 30° angle entirely on its hind legs in a controlled form that requires a great deal of hindquarter strength.

A less difficult but related movement is the decade, where the horse rises up to a 45° angle. In the crusade, the horse jumps with both front and hind legs remaining tucked under the body, and he does not kick out.

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In the balloted, the horse jumps and untucks his hind legs slightly, he does not kick out, but the soles of the hind feet are visible if viewed from the rear. The mézair is a series of successive evades in which the horse lowers its forefeet to the ground before rising again on hindquarters, achieving forward motion.

Lipizzaner have starred or played supporting roles in many movies, TV shows, books, and other media. The wife of the film's producer owned the only Lipizzaner in the US at the time the movie was made.

The movie was the only live-action, relatively realistic film set against a World War II backdrop that Disney has ever produced. Hephaestus EU Lippi 1580–1880, Wain 1880 ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n “Lipizzaner Origins”.

^ Bonging, Simon & Schuster's Guide to Horses and Ponies, Entry 37. ^ Podhajsky, The Complete Training of Horse and Rider, p. 249 ^ a b “The Spanish Riding School”.

“The 2005 Lipizzaner Tour of the Spanish Riding School” (PDF). The Perfect Horse: The Daring U.S. Mission to Rescue the Priceless Stallions Kidnapped by the Nazis.

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^ a b Edwards, The Encyclopedia of the Horse, p. 129 ^ a b Kelly, Jeff & Kelly-Simmons, Lisa (Winter 2012). ^ Favor, Tatiana; Bred, Gottfried; Have, Franc; Soldier, Johann; Dove, Peter (2002).

“History of Lipizzaner horse maternal lines as revealed by mt DNA analysis”. ^ Lipizzaner horses used by Mounted Carabiner Regiments ^ Music, Sneezing (2008-10-22).

CS1 main: extra text: authors list (link) Broke, Douglas (2004). Dozen, Milan (translated by Marco Harvey and Susan Ann Peachy) (1981).

Dictionary of American children's fiction, 1960-1984: recent books of recognized merit. They Rode Into Europe: The Fruitful Exchange in the Arts of Horsemanship between East and West.

CS1 main: multiple names: authors list (link) Patton, George S. & Martin Benson (1996). The Complete Training of Horse and Rider In the Principles of Classic Horsemanship.

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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lipizzaner. Horse breed noted for use in the Spanish Riding School in Vienna. Just like the Frisian is known for being the black beauty of the equine breeds, the Lipizzaner is known for its glistening pale coat and incredible grace at performing amazing high school dressage.

If you grew up a horse lover, chances are you may even know a bit about their history from Disney’s classic Miracle Of The White Stallions. Check out these fun facts about the stellar Lipizzaner.

Way before the story that the Disney movie tells, the Lipizzaner breed dates clear back to the 16th century, where they were first bred as the personal mounts of the Hapsburg monarchy, part of the Holy Roman Empire. While the breed is closely associated with Vienna, Austria (which was the capital of the Hapsburg monarch for most of its existence), the horse is actually named for one of the earliest stud farms that was located in the village Li pizza (Li pica), in what is now Slovenia.

However, Conversant was black, Favor was dun, and Neapolitan was bay. Roman numerals are assigned to distinguish between horses.

Half-Lippizzan mares are not allowed to use traditional Lillian names or Roman numerals. Developed exclusively by the Hapsburg monarchy for its use during times of war and peace, the Lipizzaner is the true horse of royalty.

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Physically capable of withstanding the demands of the Airs Above the Ground, this baroque mount was bred to perform hate Cole dressage at the Spanish Riding School and owes its survival to the intervention of American General George S. Patton during World War II. The Hapsburg family controlled both Spain and Austria when the art of classical riding revived in Europe during the Renaissance.

The Spanish horse, produced during Moorish rule by crossing Berber and Arab stallions with Iberian mares, was considered the most suitable mount because of its exceptional sturdiness, beauty, and intelligence. His brother Archduke Charles established a similar private imperial stud farm with Spanish stock in 1580 at Lippi (nowadays: Li pizza , or Li pica ) near the Adriatic Sea.

The Tulip an (Croatia) and Indicate (Transylvanian-Hungarian) lines are still found in Yugoslavia, Hungary, and other eastern European countries as well as North America. Born dark, black -brown, brown, or mouse-grey, Lipizzaner gradually lighten until the white coat for which they are noted is produced somewhere between the ages of 6 and 10.

As late as two hundred years ago, black, browns, chestnuts, duns, piebalds, and skewbalds were found in the adult herd. Noted for his sturdy body and proud carriage, the Lipizzaner’ head is remarkable for its large appealing eyes and small alert ears.

The body presents a picture of strength with a crested neck, powerful shoulders, muscular hind quarters, and strong legs with well-defined tendons and joints. To this end, the School has used the Lipizzaner exclusively as a horse capable of performing all the steps and movements of dressage, including the Airs Above the Ground -- the Evade, the Courgette, and the Capriole.

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Following World War I, in addition to Italy, Czechoslovakia, and Austria, other new states which continued the breeding of the Lipizzaner horse were Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia. During World War II, the Lipizzaner breed was again threatened with extinction when the mares and foals from Austria, Italy, and Yugoslavia were transferred to Hos tau in Czechoslovakia by the German High Command.

Between 1958 and 1969 Temple and Ester Smith of Illinois imported 1 stallion and 13 mares (5 in foal) from Austria, 7 Lipizzaner's from Hungary and 6 from Yugoslavia. In 1959, Evelyn Dealer of Snohomish, Washington, began negotiations with the Austrian government, and between 1959 and 1973, 3 stallions and 10 mares (1 in foal) arrived from Austria.

Other importations have occurred during the past thirty years, each adding another dimension to the American Lipizzaner genetic base. With fewer than 3,000 purebred Lipizzaner in the world, the breed is considered rare, and the number of foals born each year is correspondingly small.

Extreme care is taken by those involved in the production of Lipizzaner horses to ensure that the purity of the breed is preserved. Much effort has been expended to develop educational programs in order to foster voluntary adherence to the traditional breed goals and objectives.

Now, in the early years of the 21st century, the Lipizzaner has proven to be a successful competitor at all levels of competition dressage and driving, as well as continuing to be the ultimate mount for classical horsemanship. Owners and breeders are dedicated to the Lipizzaner breed because they appreciate its rarity, cultural importance, romantic history, and its traits of intelligence, classic beauty, and harmonious, athletic way of moving.

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This horse breed was bred for the use of the Hapsburg royal family. Its name is derived from Li pica or Li pizza, a village in Slovenia.

This was where a stud farm was established by Archduke Charles II to breed this horse. The white coat that makes this horse so famous comes after it turns seven years old.

The Lipizzaner International Federation and its member bodies are responsible for the registration of horses belonging to this breed. The origins of the Lipizzaner breed can be traced back to the 7th century.

It was in 1562 that Emperor Maximilian setup stud farms after bringing in the Andalusian horses. His brother Charles II started a farm at Li pica.

The Lipizzaner were bred to satisfy the need for a horse that could be used for wars and in the riding schools. The court stud at Klaus mainly produced heavy carriage horses.

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Li pizza contributed to the light carriage and riding horses. During the 19th centuries, the Fiber Federal Stud in Vienna was where the horse was bred.

The renowned Spanish riding school has classical dressage events featuring the Lipizzaner. The dancing horses are trained in this school located in Austria.

These relocations proved to be a boon helping to preserve this breed. During World War II, the Nazis moved these horses to Hos tau in Czechoslovakia.

The horses from the riding school were moved to St. Martins, Austria. It was the United States Army under the legendary General George S Patton that saved these horses.

The horses could return to the study farm in Fiber and the Spanish riding school by the early 1950s. Subsequently, the horses flourished with its growth rate increasing to 82% during the 1990s.

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It is the national animal of Slovenia thanks to the presence of the Li pica stud farm. From a mere 250 numbers after the Second World War, there are more than 11,600 horses today.

A unique characteristic of this horse is that it takes more time to mature than other breeds. Horses aged more than twenty years can actively perform in dressage events.

This makes it easy to train the horse to perform in events. Even though they are powerful, they are also docile, which makes it easy to train and manage these beautiful horses.

The Lipizzaner are sturdy horses and need a healthy diet. The horses also need a lot of fresh water to remain hydrated.

The horses at the Fiber stud farm are fed only organic food. This breed of horse is prone to hoof horn abnormalities that can prove to be a serious problem.

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There are six horses considered as foundation lines to the Lipizzaner horses of today. Conversant: This breeding stock horse was a black Neapolitan born in 1767.

Pluto: This gray horse was of Spanish origin and born in 1765. Neapolitan: This brown horse was born in 1790 from another Neapolitan sire.

There are two more foundation lines accepted by the Lipizzaner International Federation. Tulip an: A black Spanish sire born in Croatia in 1800.

Indicate: Born in 1802, this horse was bred in Transylvania and transferred to the Hungarian empire. Both the horse and rider undergo training preparing for dressage.

The School Quadrille is the basic skill set that all horses learn. There are many other skill sets, including high school dressage, that requires finesse.

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The horses have also been featured in movies thanks to their elegant body structure and color. The famous Disney movie ‘Miracle of the White Stallion’ told the story of the rescue of this breed during WW II.

An interesting fact to note is that the horse is not white; it is actually grey. The gray horses may a prominent white coat, which makes them attractive and suitable for dressage.

This is a tradition maintained over the years supposedly to bring good luck. Since the horse was bred for military use and later for carriage use, it is strong.

The muscular features ensure the horse has the power needed to take part in dressage. The hindquarters are powerful allowing the horse to stand on its hind legs to perform ‘airs above the ground’ routine.

These horses are trained for classic horsemanship at the Spanish riding school. Campaign school: The horse is able to demonstrate all gaits, turns, lateral movements, and double bridle.

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High school: This is an advanced skill set calling for finesse in performance. Here, the horse makes use of its powerful hindquarters to pirouette and counter canter.

The popular ‘airs above the ground’ is also a part of this skill set. The horse is found more in Austria and some Eastern European countries like Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Serbia, Slovenia, and Slovakia.

Primarily, the horses are bred in the stud farms in Slovenia and Austria. These horses live longer, and they also take more time to mature.

They have an issue related to pigmentation because of which they lose their original dark color as they grow. Due to this, their light skin can develop melanoma, which can be a problem.

The white coat requires proper grooming to ensure it is maintained well. Regular check-ups for melanoma is recommended, especially in the tail and muzzle areas.

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Lipizzaner horses were initially bred to be light and fast horses. It is a horse bred specifically for participating in dressage, riding, and equitation.

The horse can be brought from the stud farms or from private breeders. The stud farms have horses with authentic lineage and tend to be more expensive.

The cost of the horse depends on its age, color, lineage, gender, and general health condition. The Lipizzaner horses trained at the Spanish Riding School are valued at around a hundred thousand Euros.

They are horses ideal for royals to ride thanks to their muscular appearance and elegance. For dressage, jumping, and other such uses this horse needs specialized training.

Horses that are a bit older and have been used for riding can be managed more easily. Younger horses may be a bit tough for beginners to manage.

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While most of these horses are born black, there are some born with brown or dark gray colors. Eventually, the hair color turns gray with a white coat.

As the foal grows, a gene mutation causes the dark color pigments to be lost. As a result, the gray color becomes dominant with the white coat.

Since they have gray as the dominant gene, this is the color once the foal grows. As a result, such horses remain dark-colored even after they achieve adulthood (usually bay or brown).

The horse is bred in the stud farms in Slovenia, Austria, and other countries. The Lipizzaner horse is a powerful one, built strongly, and muscular.

For the dressage events, the horse is extensively trained at the Spanish Riding School. It has a powerful hindquarter that enables it to perform this difficult and attractive movement.

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This makes it easy to train the horse on complex moves. You can watch this horse in action if you visit the Spanish Riding School.

While the younger stallions are expensive, the older ones are friendly and less costly. The Lipizzaner breed dates back to the 16th century and was nearly wiped out due to World War II.

The story of the breeds' survival during World War II by American General George Pattern was made into an entertaining family movie and was the subject of several books. Lipizzaner horses were developed exclusively by the Hapsburg monarchy for its use during times of war and peace.

The owners and breeders of these amazing animals are captivated by this breed’s rare beauty and intelligence. Lipizzaner Stallions are called “the dancing horse” and will move in unison to classical music during their performances.

The content connected in any way with the rich history of the stud farm and the Lipizzaner horse is available for visitors in the museum. It narrates the story of the Li pica Stud Farm and Lipizzaner horses by color, projections, sound, interaction and even architectural elements.

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Apart from objects, the story of the Li pica Stud Farm and Lipizzaner horses is also told through colors, projections, sounds, interactions and even architectural elements. Minimum thus represents a new type of museum in Slovenia for the exhibition’s tale does not leave visitors outside, but draws them inside.

A gallery wall dividing the area displays a strong contrast in color and represents the background of a rich exhibition of artistic paintings of Li pica and Lipizzaner by the painter Johann Georg de Hamilton. The images of Lipizzaner performing caprioles and other elements and a large painting of the Li pica Stud Farm in the center on the gallery wall complete the presentation of paintings of famous painters in the immediate vicinity, opening up a chapter which depicts horses in art throughout history.

Traditional professions, which are preserved and still required at the Li pica Stud Farm, can be seen in the short films on the touch screen. A rare specimen, a veterinary briefcase with interesting tools used for the Lipizzaner during their period of exile can be found in the showcase.

We see horizontal strips with exhibition texts and pictorial material, which we were acquainted with in previous areas, and are especially drawn to the wall with glowing letters and placards arranged in a circle. A touch screen is located in front of the wall inviting visitors to deal with the difficult task of naming the ancestor of two Lipizzaner horses in accordance with specified rules.

A short cartoon depicts historical events of the maelstroms of war due to which the horses were moved to different places several times. A rack in the center of the area addresses us with the famous saying that a horse’s age can be ascertained from its teeth.

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The life periods are presented through large artistic photos and explained in detail through texts and pictures. Films on the large screen on the adjacent wall present the life of the Lipizzaner at the Li pica Stud Farm in detail.

Two large rotating placards with excerpts of photos and explanations on the other wall by the circle present the typical day of stallions at the Li pica Stud Farm which differs considerably from that of mares and foals. The detailed presentation 24 hours explains the fixed schedule of life of both at the Li pica Stud Farm.

To make the experience of “the rider” as perfect as possible, we will put on a riding hat and check for correct posture in the mirror. A showcase with a dummy in the uniform of a dressage rider and many trophies won by Along LAH at international competitions remind us of this fact.

Around us, on the walls and on the ground, the seasons in the Kart region are changing, birds are singing, a thunderstorm can be heard and the Born wind is blowing. In the central portion of the wall we see Lipizzaner's a part of the nature, peaceful, enjoying themselves, drinking water or rolling on the grass.

The estate of the Li pica Stud Farm is important both due to its natural features and its cultural heritage attribute. Some architectural and landscape characteristics (e.g. avenues) and especially the fact that the estate has remained unchanged for centuries bear witness to the great cultural significance of Li pica for Slovenia as well as the broader surroundings.

The relief map of the world shows the locations of stud farms breeding Lipizzaner horses today. The largest number is located in Europe in relatively proximity to Li pica while others can even be found in Australia and the Republic of South Africa.

Here you will also find a source for further development of the contents of the museum, inviting you to contribute your impressions and photos from your visit to the Li pica Stud Farm. The visit to the museum ends with a quote from a poem by E. Kobe, reminding us once again what the horse means to us people.

For very nearly 350 years, the school has reigned supreme and been the center of ‘classic dressage performance’. The Homburg Riding School of Vienna The Spanish Riding School was first started in the Habsburg era in 1572, and from its early days, performances were held in a rather ordinary wooden arena in the middle of Vienna.

He commissioned one Emanuel Fischer On Erich to design a riding school right in the middle of Vienna, fit for a King, with flamboyant and opulent elegance as its theme. Using gold and white with a colonnade of pillars down each side with two huge chandeliers down the middle, the wealth of the Austrian Dynasty at the time was there for all to see.

The architect came to the job with a wide reputation for style, having designed castles and palaces for the ultra-wealthy in Austria and France. The result of Erich’s work is still used today for weekly winter performances as well as a major Vienna Tourist attraction for the rest of the time.

Tourists can often see the horses being trained on a daily basis when they are not actually putting on their weekly performance as they freely walk around the wonderful building. However, luckily, the Americans came across the horses and saved them as the conflicts ended, and they were returned to their former base.

Like the Riding School in Vienna, the stud has also now become a major tourist attraction. Each summer the performing horses return from their Vienna base to the stud for a six-week holiday.

They are always born bay or black however, and they retain the pigment even when as they grow older and become white. They are a slow maturing breed and it often takes a horse over six years to fully lose its bay/ black coat and become completely white.

More recently, the popularity of the Lipizzaner has grown and there are several studs around the world breeding the horses, particularly in Slovenia and surrounding countries. Anyone can now sponsor a Lipizzaner, paying a little each year for the duration of horse’s life.

The ‘Evade’, when a horse stands on its back legs at an exact 33 degrees. They are always seen in brown tail coats, borne hats and white buckskin breeches.

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Sources
1 www.microsoft.com - https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/p/truck-driver/c2hqvxvvlmkg
2 www.bls.gov - https://www.bls.gov/ooh/transportation-and-material-moving/heavy-and-tractor-trailer-truck-drivers.htm
3 store.steampowered.com - https://store.steampowered.com/app/768180/Truck_Driver/
4 schneiderjobs.com - https://schneiderjobs.com/truck-driving-jobs/inexperienced/become-truck-driver
5 en.wikipedia.org - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Truck_driver