A coldblooded horse is generally extremely mellow, difficult to spook, and very patient. They are also very durable animals, willing to tolerate a range of conditions and able to adapt to changing situations.
A horse’s height is measured at the withers, which is the body ridge above the animal’s shoulders. In other words, cold -bloods were bred to pull farm equipment, not to run for long periods of time.
Shire horses have been important in England since medieval times, when they were used to pulling farm equipment and carry knights wearing heavy armor. Cold -bloods make perfect workhorses, of course, but they are also highly sought after as show animals.
In addition to coldblooded and hot-blooded horses, there are warm blood ones, such as the Takeover. Coldblooded horses, because of their stolid demeanor and great weight are not suitable for sports other than hauling or pulling competitions at farm shows.
Their heads and eyes are large, their legs and shoulders massive, for pulling wagons filled with hay or dung or for being in harness. Built for endurance, these horses tend to have stronger limbs, often with long, thick hair around their lower legs and hooves for added warmth.
But the breeders also focused on the horses’ elegance, frame and pattern maintenance. Their close interaction with people have made the hot blood breeds quite intelligent.
Ever vigilant, the hot- blooded horses react quickly to unfamiliar circumstances. That’s why they require an experienced person to handle and work on their excitable and fired-up temperament.
Additionally, hot blood horses are vulnerable to stormy weather. This is due to their Middle East origin where they are more at home in desert conditions.
For many years they were used as a symbol of power and wealth by the North African tribes. Examples of hot breeds are the Akhal-Teke, Barb, the Thoroughbred, and the Arabians.
When talking of hot blood horses many people just refer to the Thoroughbreds and Arabians. Breeders selected for a breed that would be suitable for pulling wagons, carriages, and plows.
The breeding effort over a long time resulted in an animal that is large, strong, muscular, and resistant. Given the nature of work they were intended to do, cold bloods had to be calm, gentle, and patient.
Medieval soldiers preferred the cold bloods because they were strong. They would carry heavy armor as well as the soldier and travel long distances.
Today, cold bloods are the most popular breeds for riding. They were bred in harsh climates and are hardy with very heavy bone and feathering.
They were bred by crossing the Arabians and Thoroughbreds with carriage or war horses. Hot bloods are spirited horses with high speed and endurance.
Warm bloods are a mixed breed of the cold and hot-blooded horses. She is a mom of three who spends all her free time with her family and friends, her mare Joy, or just sipping her favorite cup of tea.
If you’ve spent enough time in the barn, you have possibility heard the terms warm, cold, or hot blood mentioned. Within a single boarding barn you might actually find a range of each.
Some ponies can even fall in the category of cold blood. They tend to be more athletic than cold breeds, but not as uncontrollable as hot types.
Typical Worker of the old form, 12 yrs stallion 304 Davis born 1925. The domesticated western horses are of greater massiveness, heavier in body but also more lymphatic.
Their head is somewhat large in proportion to their body, heavy and rough. The head profile is either straight, or slightly protruded/bulged or only “Roman” nosed; the neck is thick/heavy, wide and low set, thus the withers is barely visible; the back line is long, more or less swayed; the loins are longer (6 vertebrae more), the hips/hindquarter are more or less slanted and by less refined breeds short.
The legs are thick/heavy and often lymphatic, the back of the pasterns and shins has long hair. The skin is thick, the hair on the body, mane and tail is rougher, plentiful and often curly.
Form the physiological perspective the coldblooded horses habitat is muscular combined with eating/food, and a complex with lower oxidation, which is the reason for gaining fats easily, for being early maturing and of calm character. All coldblooded breeds were variously crossbred with constant seductiveness, inbreeding and positive adjustments to the living conditions and environment. Dr Josef Recital, MDR Karl Senora and ING.
Horses within a particular breed have similar personality traits. The personality of a breed should be considered when selecting a horse for a particular duty such as trail riding, police mount, show or cattle roundup.
A Thoroughbred is an excellent breed for a race horse. A Thoroughbred may prove dangerous on a trail ride as the horse may be easily spooked by a snake, sudden loud noise or the snap of a tree limb.
The tall muscular Clydesdale is ideal for farm work. The docile, hardworking nature of the Shire lends to public duties such as police mount or carriage rides in the park.