It correlates with symptoms, 4 and people with low Ct values (indicating more viral material) are those most likely to be infectious. 5 Using a low maximum Ct value (around 30 56) has been suggested to reduce problematic detection of dead virus, 6, but it will also miss early infection and rising infectiousness in both presymptomatic and symptomatic people.
7 Thus it is impossible to define a universally optimal Ct value for reliable identification of those who are infectious. If PCR is used to identify cases through mass testing of healthy people, it will deliver positive results in individuals with previous resolved infections, new infections, and potential re-infections, as well as false positives in people genuinely not harboring the virus (around 0.8% of all tests performed 8).
The Moonshot proposals have been condemned for not considering the potential harms from repeated frequent testing of whole populations. The consequences of high false negative rates are most serious in symptomatic people who can transmit disease.
Even with a specificity of 99%, proposals to do 10 million tests a day will generate many thousands of false positive results, causing unnecessary but legally enforced isolation of both cases and contacts with potentially damaging consequences for the UK economy and for civil liberties. JD leads the Cochrane COVID-19 test evaluation reviews and is a member of the Royal Statistical Society COVID-19 task force steering group.
You may use, download and print the article for any lawful, non-commercial purpose (including text and data mining) provided that all copyright notices and trademarks are retained. The United States passed a grim milestone this week when researchers at in Baltimore reported that the country’s coronavirus death count had reached 100,000.
And journalists Darius Tapir and Adam Canary, in Politico, report that the number of deaths and new infections is being “deflated” at a time when President Donald Trump is pushing for states to reopen their economies sooner rather than later. “Federal and state officials across the country have altered or hidden public health data crucial to tracking the coronavirus’ spread, hindering the ability to detect a surge of infections as President Donald Trump pushes the nation to reopen rapidly,” according to Tapir and Canary.
“The spotty data flow is particularly worrisome to public health officials trying to help Americans make decisions about safely venturing out,” Tapir and Canary report. “The lack of accurate and consistent COVID-19 data, coupled with the fact that the White House no longer has regular briefings where officials reinforce the need for ongoing social distancing, makes that task even harder.
Raw Story readers power David Cay Johnston’s Report, which we've expanded to keep watch in Washington. We’ve revealed financial scams that prey on veterans, and legal efforts to harm workers exploited by abusive bosses.
Raw Story readers power David Cay Johnston’s Report, which we've expanded to keep watch in Washington. We’ve revealed financial scams that prey on veterans, and efforts to harm workers exploited by abusive bosses.
U.S. Northern Command, through U.S. Army North, remains committed to providing flexible Department of Defense support to the Federal Emergency Management Agency for the whole-of-nation COVID-19 response. And journalists Darius Tapir and Adam Canary, in Politico, report that the number of deaths and new infections is being “deflated” at a time when President Donald Trump is pushing for states to reopen their economies sooner rather than later.
“Federal and state officials across the country have altered or hidden public health data crucial to tracking the coronavirus’ spread, hindering the ability to detect a surge of infections as President Donald Trump pushes the nation to reopen rapidly,” according to Tapir and Canary. “The spotty data flow is particularly worrisome to public health officials trying to help Americans make decisions about safely venturing out,” Tapir and Canary report.
Joanne Lynn, a former geriatrician, told Politico, “Political leaders would like to trim their numbers, and a convenient way to do that is to count only those deaths that are proven by testing to (have) involved COVID-19.” And Melissa Marx, a public health professor who teaches at Johns Hopkins University, criticized politicians for trying to manipulate scientific data on the disease. Proposals made by the government as part of Operation Moonshot could do more harm than good, a group of UK experts have argued in a new article published today by the BMJ.
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) swab testing is a useful method of detecting SARS-CoV-2 virus in symptomatic patients, but it is not without its limitations. PCR is not a test of infectiousness but instead detects trace amounts of viral genome sequence, which may be either live transmissible virus or fragments from previous infection.
They must evaluate highly technical, conflicting testimony to determine billions of dollars in liability. Positive factors such as academic degrees, specialty board certification, and publications influence credibility.
So do factors such as physical appearance, race, gender, command of English, and personality. For an expert witness, the foremost qualifications are effective presentation and teaching ability.
Once there is a perception of understanding, the expert can convince them that they are making an independent decision that his or her testimony is correct, rather than just agreeing with him or her. There are legal rules that establish the standards that judges are to use in determining whether an expert should be allowed to testify and the extent of that testimony.
‘It may be subject to legitimate restrictions, for example, statutory limitation periods, security for costs orders, regulations concerning minors and persons of unsound mind.’ ‘A person is under a disability while he is an infant or of unsound mind.’ ‘California law grants an annulment when either party in the marriage is under 18, of unsound mind, bound to a previous marriage or if the consent to marry was obtained by fraud or force.’ ‘Despite carrying a return train ticket in his pocket, it was concluded that Pruitt committed suicide ‘whilst of unsound mind.’’ ‘Or he may be of unsound mind, with the result that he is at risk of doing something to himself which no rational person would do as he would appreciate that to do this would inevitably lead to injury.’ ‘The second important exception to the three-year period concerns injuries suffered by children and those of unsound mind.’ ‘You could contest his will on the grounds that he was of unsound mind or that he was acting under the undue influence of his girlfriend.’ ‘Five doctors, none of whom had examined her recently, agreed that she was of unsound mind.’ ‘He asked the jury to bring in a verdict to the effect that she was of unsound mind at the time of the commission of the offense.’ Finally, Thinkers's come up with a decent answer: we can plug them into this Potato Science Kit and be authentically berated by a semi-sentient AI semi-powered by the surplus tubers.
Above: Bonus points for not selling a single item (that we could find) pertaining to that damn fake cake Now, the MRC is taking a stand on the practice of so-called conversion therapy to try and change a person's sexual orientation -- specifically, to turn homosexuals “straight” (somehow, never the other way around).
A March 2017 MRC post by Dawn Slasher noted that an episode of the TV series “Green leaf” touched on the subject of “conversion therapy” intended to turn a gay person straight feels the need to speak up for the practice: Though judging by the reviews, the exposé leaned heavily in favor of those who demonize such programs. Rarely will you find the Hollywood left giving facts, statistics and answers on those who have found success in conversion therapy, but the season premiere of the Oprah Winfrey Network's (OWN) Green leaf, “A House Divided,” is providing an interesting look on the issue from the point-of-view of a married couple who are leaders in the family church facing a tumultuous time after the revelation that the husband is attracted to men.
For these “facts, statistics and answers,” Slasher cited Brothers Road, a pro-conversion therapy group that claims criticism of conversion therapy are “opinion, not science” and which in turn cites the virulently anti-gay group NORTH in support, and self-proclaimed ex-transgender woman Walt Hair, a current fave of anti-gay activists who admits he was misdiagnosed as transgender. If women in this country are allowed to take the life of their unborn child in the name of “freedom of choice,” why then can’t a gay man or woman have the right to choose conversion therapy without the threat of the government shutting down such programs? Reparative therapist the late Dr. Joseph Nicolas spoke to VirtueOnline.org about the left’s attempt to deny conversion therapy treatments to those who seek to change, saying, “The justification for denying the client's autonomy and self-determination is the arrogant assumption that ‘we know better what's good for you than you do.’ We will tell you what your problem is, which is to learn to enjoy gay sex.
And if are “good and successful programs” for conversion therapy as Slasher claims there is, why have none surfaced during various state hearings to ban the practice that use a scientifically valid, replicable method that does no harm to the client? Signs were there that Kevin was attracted to family friend and Calvary’s legal counsel Aaron (William H. Bryant Jr.), but May 4th’s episode left no doubt.
Kevin’s outcome is common in the world of entertainment, so Green leaf could have stood out if it had been brave enough to show the other side that’s never talked about. As before, Slasher's evidence that “many Christian men have found success with conversion therapy” boiled down to Brothers Road and Walt Hair.
Mason even tried to defend the discredited practice: “Forty-one states permit conversion therapy for people struggling with unwanted same-sex attraction, but Brennan tried to portray the VP as a pariah for supporting their choice.” On Feb. 8, Gabriel Hays huffed about the Rippon-Pence contretemps: “More controversy has erupted between Mike Pence and another openly gay U.S. athlete at this winter’s Olympic Games, all in the name of tolerance and homosexual acceptance.
Mason returned on Feb. 13 to complain that “Nippon and his media friends ... are portraying Pence as the champion of this therapy, which nine liberal states have outlawed.” Defense doesn't stop, gets weirder Still, despite the serious lack of scientific evidence to support conversion therapy, the MRC is still trying to defend the practice.
One must wonder if “authentic” or “loving” policies should silence discussion with such men about their conflicted feelings and anger over what has happened. Nor should an entire group of people be dismissed as abuse victims as a way to deny their sexual identity, but Lopez missed that part.
It is unclear why Broward County would in effect want to only surround Moron with people whose suicide rates and mental health pose so much danger. Perspective from experts like David Pickup, a well-known reparative therapist in Dallas and co-plaintiff in the federal case, Jazz v. the City of Tampa, suing over a similar ban.
In an interview with MRC Latino, Pickup said Americans cannot promote inclusion, protection, authenticity, or love by banning and penalizing people who help clients deal with unwanted homosexual feelings. Lopez doesn't seem to consider the possibility that gays have more mental problems because of societal ostracizing for their orientation, not to mention people like himself who would like to force highly questionable conversion therapy on them.
Lopez goes on to claim that “Pickup describes himself as an authentic reparative therapist, as opposed to the quackery so often reported and vilified by the liberal media.” Actually, Pickup does engage in quackery; not only is he a board member of the virulently anti-gay group NORTH (as highlighted on his own website), he was (and maybe is) a senior staff member for the Mankind Project, which runs a purported “New Warriors Training Program” conversion therapy program that involves participants going naked at one point to affirm their masculinity, or something.
Also lost in their coverage is the special risk to their target audience: Latinos are more likely than non-Latino whites to be fatherless, incarcerated, or in placement by Child Protective Services.