In Middle Dutch, the verb taken meant to grab or to handle. By the 18th century, a similar use was applied to harnesses or equipment used with horses.
Modern use in football comes from the earlier sport of rugby, where the word was used in the 19th century. In American football and Canadian football, to tackle is to physically interfere with the forward progress of a player in possession of the ball, such that his forward progress ceases and is not resumed, or such that he is caused to touch some part of his body to the ground other than his feet or hands, or such that he is forced to go out of bounds.
Tackles can also be made by grabbing the ball carrier's jersey (or even hair, should it be long enough and allowed to dangle freely from beneath the helmet) and pulling him to the ground. As mentioned above, the referee can declare that a play is dead if the ball carrier's forward progress has been stopped, even if he has not actually been taken to the ground.
To protect players from potentially catastrophic injury, there are some restrictions on tackles and blocks. At no time may a defensive player tackle an offensive player by grabbing the facemask of their helmet ; doing so incurs a 15-yard penalty and the victimized team is awarded a new set of downs.
Although spear tackles are allowed in gridiron football, a player may not use his helmet to tackle an opponent as the technique can cause serious injury to both players (more often the tackler, due to the force of reaction on the tackler, which is apt to be beyond the limit that the neck can handle) and also warrants a 15-yard penalty as well as a fresh set of downs if committed by the defending team; this is known as “spearing the player”. Grabbing a ball carrier by the pads behind his neck and pulling him down is known as a “horse collar”, a method which has been made illegal at all levels of American football.
It is also illegal to tackle a player who has thrown a forward pass (generally a quarterback) after he has released the ball; doing so is called “roughing the passer” and incurs a 15-yard penalty and a fresh set of downs for the team with the ball. Place kickers and punters are afforded an even greater protection from being tackled.
Once the play is ruled complete, no contact is permitted; a player who makes contact with an opponent after the play is charged with “unnecessary roughness” and his team is assessed a 15-yard penalty. In the National Football League (NFL), tackles are tracked as an unofficial statistic by a scorekeeper hired by the home team.
Though the statistic is widely cited, the league does not verify that the counts are accurate. Unlike other codes, tackles in association football have to be predominantly directed against the ball rather than the player in possession of it.
This is achieved by using either leg to wrest possession from the opponent, or sliding in on the grass to knock the ball away. A defender is permitted to use their body to obstruct the motion of a player with the ball, and this may be part of a successful tackle.
Pulling a player to the ground in the style of tackle common to other codes is completely absent from the game (this would be considered “serious foul play” and result in a dismissal). Although some contact between players is allowed, the rules of association football significantly limit the physicality of tackles, explicitly forbidding contacts which are “careless, reckless or excessive force”.
Almost all tackles where the tackler's legs make contact with the opponent before the ball are considered illegal, and heavy contact after initially touching the ball may also be penalized. Tackles that involve lunging at an opponent with both legs, regardless of whether the ball is won, are generally considered constituting serious foul play and hence result in a sending-off.
This explicitly includes “scissoring” (tackling with legs apart, to trap the opponent's leg or legs in between), which is likely to be punished with a send-off (red card), as it poses a high risk of severe knee injury to the player being tackled. Referees are encouraged to at the very least caution (yellow card) players who commit such challenges.
The most spectacular form of tackle in association football is the slide tackle, wherein a tackler slides, leg extended, along the ground, aiming to hit the ball away. This form of tackle carries a high risk of committing a foul.
In Australian rules football, the move commonly described as a tackle is similar to in rugby and involves wrapping, holding or wrestling a player who has possession of the ball to the ground. If the ball is knocked free by the tackler, pinned to the player by the tackler, or the player unsuccessfully attempts a kick or handball, a free kick will only be awarded if the ball carrier is deemed to have had a prior opportunity to dispose of the ball prior to being tackled.
If a player has not had prior opportunity to dispose of the ball and a tackler knocks the ball free during a tackle then no free kick is paid and the game continues. There are also rules outlawing pushing in the back making tackling more difficult.
The penalty may be a free kick if deemed accidental or a reportable offense which may result in suspension. Bump or hip and shoulder tackle is a legal Aussie rules tactic for both dispossession of the player with the ball and also impeding players involved in a contest but not in possession of the ball.
Aggressive head on bumping or “charging” of a player with the ball is often described as “rough play” and is a reportable offense, this is particularly so if a player is deemed to have their head down over the ball in an attempt to picking it up off the ground when the bump is applied or contact is made above the shoulders. It is often associated with the pinning of the arms of an opponent so that they cannot cushion the impact of their head on the ground.
Although tolerated in days gone by in recent years, in 2009, the AFL branded this a dangerous type of tackle. Incidents in the professional AFL involving Byron Pickett and Darren Wilburn have come under particular scrutiny.
Although the term tackle is used in Australian rules to exclusively describe wrapping, holding or wrestling a player in possession, there are also several other ways of contesting possession in Australian rules that other sports would describe as a tackle and that also involve a degree of contact. The defensive tactic of punching away (commonly known as spoiling) from a player is allowed.
Smothering, which involves using the arms or body to get in the way of an opponent's kick as it leaves their boot, is similar to a charge down in rugby football. Gaelic football defines tackling as wresting the ball from an opponent's hands.
Although still on his feet, the attacking player's forward momentum has ceased while still held by one or more defender. Being held by a defender, the attacking player makes it evident that he has succumbed to the tackle and wishes to be released in order to play-the-ball.
A 2012 New Zealand study found that over 659 tackles are made per game in professional rugby league. In rugby union, a player must be brought to ground for a tackle to be completed.
High/reckless or stiff arm tackles laws once dictated any contact made above the shoulders was an offense. Now, even if contact starts below the shoulders, if the head is involved in any reckless tackle it results in the offending player being given a yellow card and therefore sin binned.
The horse-collar was made infamous by Dallas Cowboys free safety Roy Williams when he performed it on Philadelphia Eagles wide receiver Terrell Owens. “Nature of tackles that result in injury in professional rugby league”.
American Football to the rest of the world is a sport that mixes athleticism, strategy, agility, team spirit, and some mean aerodynamic jumps and leaps. The more traditional form of Football is known as the TackleFootball, where the rules, structure, and the physical contact nature is kept as original as possible.
The reason why it is called TackleFootball is that one of the main moves of this game includes the players to lunge and tackle their opponents literally. This is done to prevent opponents from either passing the ball to teammates, making a throw into the End Zone or running into the goal area and score touchdowns.
But, this happens at a great physical and mental risk to the players who are put in a position to take months off from games due to the injuries they receive. This is a fairly new form of Football, but it is making its way around schools in the elementary and lower levels as a safer alternative to TackleFootball.
The game of Flag Football is given preference because of studies where professional TackleFootball players who retire are proven to suffer from mental and neurological illnesses. Rules are kept, teamwork is improved, and on the individual level, all players hone in their skills like agility and strategy and evasive maneuvers.
This is because the sport is commercialized and involves a lot of money and investors who are always looking to donate to schools with more sports-related potential. This leads to grueling practice sessions that include getting tackled and shoved around on an almost daily basis.
In this way, consistent exposure of even small amounts of trauma to the body can lead to long-term effects on the health of these student players. Pitching is a move in TackleFootball where a player can toss or throw the Football to a teammate from a line of scrimmage that will lead to setting up a big play.
This way, the player holding the ball can extend their arm out and fend off attacking opponents that lunge or jump at them. This move has a player shove their hand at their opponent’s head with the arm that is free from holding the ball.
That move, however, is illegal in Flag Football as it includes a form of physical contact with another player. Also, players holding the ball can jump or dive in order to score points by leaping over the end zone line.
This is another defensive maneuver in TackleFootball where a player is allowed to use a move called the press coverage. Also known as a bump-and-run coverage, it is where an aggressive player runs up to an opponent like a wide receiver who is seemingly looking like the ball is going to be thrown to them from a large distance.
As mentioned above, any contact for either defense or offense purposes in TackleFootball is rendered illegal and hence, outside the realm of Flag Football. A very delicate and rare situation, as when the ball falls to the ground, it is considered as the loss of a potential score and all players have to line back at the center of the field.
The introduction of Flag Football has surfaced as a safer yet still sporty alternative for, especially, younger enthusiastic players of the game. The nitty-gritty TackleFootball has given rise to studies that have alarmed many people around the world on not only the potential dangers of this sport but also the real-life toll that it takes on the physical body.
The establishment of the game goes as far back as the early eighteenth century when it started surfacing as a nationally acclaimed sport. So, it is definitely difficult to change many aspects of the mainstream TackleFootball system and the way the games are played.
Christopher Peeler / Shutterstock.especially in this capitalistic economy, this has become one of the most lucrative sports, especially in the United States of America.