logo
Archive

Australian Pony Stud Book Victorian Branch

author
Maria Johnson
• Monday, 08 March, 2021
• 15 min read

The extent of activities suitable for any of the APSE pony breeds is as endless as your imagination. Each breed has proven itself in many fields of equine sports, from the absolute elite of the show world to the fundamental use of a pony as a reliable mount and friend for a child. The APSE Federal Council is pleased to advise that the cessation of all meetings and events is lifted.

Contents

All State branches must develop a COVID-Safe plan and a copy be provided to Federal Council before any activities can commence. All Promotional Groups must develop a COVID-Safe plan and a copy be provided to the relevant State Branch before any activities can commence.

Find if a pony is registered Find out the pedigree of a pony Find details of breeder and owner Search for ponies by brand Search for ponies by breed / breeder If you are a pony owner or breeder and do not wish to have your personal displayed please contact the federal office to have your name withdrawn from view.

You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Renae Cooke (Vic Secretary): 0417 635 646Email: This email address is being protected from spam bots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. President: Jeff Perry (President): 02 6373 3792 or 0427 733 792Email: This email address is being protected from spam bots.

Style=”font-size: 12pt;”>Patron : Pat LenihanMobile : 0408 707 549Email : This email address is being protected from spam bots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. President : Marie BannanMobile : 0427 511 616Email : This email address is being protected from spam bots.

Secretary : Julia HardieMobile : 0427 688 476Home : 07 5465 1553 after 8.00pmEmail : This email address is being protected from spam bots. Ms Sue-Ellen Riesling (Secretary):0402 049 624Email: This email address is being protected from spam bots.

Members are encouraged to directly contact the Editing Committee on This email address is being protected from spam bots. The Australian Stock Horse Society Limited (the Society) is required to comply with the Privacy Act 1988 and the National Privacy Principles in collecting, using, disclosing and disposing of Members' personal information.

For administration purposes, including the distribution of information to Branches, Management Councils and other Members for the purpose of identifying horses, completing registrations and transfers, obtaining breeding, stud services and performance records, conducting sales and competitions, coaching clinics and the like. Maintaining the Society's Online Stud Book and horse's Certificate of Registration.

Following the formation of the Australian Stock Horse Society at Scone, NSW, in 1971, Peter Power enthusiastically called a meeting in 1972 to form a South Australian Branch. With this in mind Peter, Jeanette and Kim are continually researching pedigrees and noting the characteristics of the different bloodlines.

In 1974, Peter published the Australian Stock Horse Stallion Pedigree Book (now a collectors item) for the assistance of other breeders. For this reason the breeding efforts at Chaplain have concentrated on the classic Hunter Valley bloodlines, preferring Thoroughbred polo blood close up for speed, athletic ability, soundness and temperament.

Bannock had a great influence on Australian Stock Horse breeding in South Australia and put the stud on the map at a national level. Chaplain rarely sells a broodmare, preferring instead to change over its stallions which we are then able to offer with utmost confidence as tried and proven sires.

Broodmares must perform and then produce quality foals that are thrifty and early matures, with a good mental attitude. One mare, Chaplain Giselle, has produced three foals that have gone on to win or place at the ASH National Championships.

Future goals include selectively breeding along heritage lines to perpetuate the true Australian horse. As such anyone who is injured or suffers property damage resulting from negligence on the part of CCS will be covered for their loss.

It reads: “Any Member, Officer, Committee or voluntary worker of the Insured, but only whilst acting within the scope of their duties in such capacity, including any Member, Officer, Committee or voluntary worker of the Insured’s canteen, social, sports, first aid/medical, firefighting and employee welfare organizations in their respective capacity as such;” In essence, coverage is extended to Members of the Society while they are acting in the principal activities of the Society. To clarify “Member”, this is defined as the name of the nominated person registered to the Membership Number.

Any voluntary worker of the Insured, but only whilst acting within the scope of their duties in such capacity. Well performed and growing rider, Riley Kent representing Queensland is pictured aboard Jordan McDowell's, 'Roth well Song Sung Blue' during the Sun liner Motor homes Medium (12 & né.

Jessica Marine claimed the Sun liner Motor homes Medium Pony Runner-Up award for South Australia riding Charlie and Andrew Hunt's well performed, 'Argyle Royal Flush'. The New Zealand combination of talented young rider, Isabella du Presses riding the Cadwallader Family's, 'East dale Diva' was the popular winner of the Sun liner Motor homes Medium (12-13hh) Pony Championship.

Representing Victoria, Georgia Renewal rode her own, Olivia Grenfell and John D Marco's well performed, 'Beach Crown' in the Dreamtime Stud Large Show Hunter Pony Championship. Zoe Murray again stepped aboard Libby Fresher's type, 'Beaufort Exquisite' to claim the Dream tine Stud Large Show Hunter Pony Runner-Up Award for Victoria.

Kaitlin Labahn-Meyland rode Michelle Laban's charming, 'Owen dale Mr Perkins' to claim the Delay and Lynn Park Training Stables Medium Show Hunter Pony Runner-Up award for Victoria. Representing South Australian, Jaime Bruggemann is pictured aboard her, 'Curtain Park Sarah' during the judging of the Delay and Lynn Training Stables Medium Show Hunter Pony Championship.

Regular Nationals rider, Margot Haynes representing South Australia is pictured aboard Julie Crisp and Vicky Laurie's, Beach Starlight' during The Riding PonyStudBook Large Pony (13-14hh) Championship. Charlie Hunt rode her own, her husband, Andrew and Sue Chastely's, 'Argyle Star Attraction' to take out the Riding PonyStudBook Society National Large Pony Runner-Up award for South Australia.

Vienna Smith rode Sarah McCormick's lovely, homered, 'Luanda Hank Lanky' to claim the National Small Show Hunter Pony Championship and with it The Raleigh Stud Perpetual Trophy. New South Wales representative, Eliza is pictured riding Bride Gibson's, 'Borough Rubella' that put her best foot forward to take out the National Small Show Hunter Pony Runner-Up award.

Some claim that the breed has been purebred since the ice age; this is unsupported by modern DNA research. There is however a close morphological resemblance to the primitive wild horse.

Archeological investigations have shown that horses were used for transport in the southwest of England as early as 400 BC, and Roman carvings show ponies phenotypically similar to the Ex moor pony. The Domesday Book records ponies on Ex moor in 1086, and descendants of ponies removed from the moor in 1818 form the foundation bloodstock of today's Ex moor breed, although a breed society was not formed until 1921.

The breed nearly became extinct after the Second World War, owing to soldiers using them for target practice and thieves killing them for their meat. After the war a small group of breeders worked to save the Ex moor, and during the 1950s ponies began to be exported to North America.

Exmoor's ponies are usually a variant of dark bay, called “brown”, with hangar (“mealy”) markings around the eyes, muzzle, flanks, and underbelly. Hangar markings occur in other equines as well as horses, and are considered to be a primitive trait.

Entry in the breed registry requires that the animal have no white markings. With a stocky, powerful build, the Ex moor pony is strong for its height, and noted for its hardiness and endurance.

Although many sources state that the Ex moor has a distinctly different jaw structure from other horse breeds, which includes the beginnings of development of a seventh molar, this is a misunderstanding based on an incorrect translation of a German study. The study, when properly translated, refers to a feature, found in multiple horse breeds and perhaps all animals with sizable lower jaws, that appears to be an extra branch of blood supply in the area.

While an extra tooth may have eventually developed from this extra blood supply, its frequency among the general horse population makes its appearance in the Ex moor pony unremarkable. The head is somewhat large in proportion to the body, with small ears, and has a unique feature called a “toad eye” caused by extra flashiness of the eyelids, which helps to deflect water and provide extra insulation.

As with most cold-weather pony breeds, the Ex moor grows a winter coat consisting of a highly insulating woolly under layer and a topcoat of longer, oily hairs that prevent the undercoat from becoming waterlogged by diverting water down the sides of the animal to fall from just a few drip areas. The mane and tail are thick and long, and the dock of the tail is of a type common in cold-weather ponies, having coarse hairs, called a “frost cap,” “snow chute,” or “ice tail” that deflects rainwater away from the groin and underbelly areas to fall from the long hairs on the back of the hind legs.

The Domesday Book mentions ponies in Ex moor in 1086. At the end of the joint Hill and March warden ship of the Royal Ex moor Forest in 1748, all free-living ponies except registered horses were removed from the moor and Forest.

After that in 1767 Sir Thomas Ac land I brought in a new herd of ponies and turned them out on the moor. Sales records of these horses in 1805 and 1809 list the colors black, gray, bay, dun, 'chant', and piebald.

Sir Thomas Ac land, the previous warden, took some horses to Wins ford Hill, while others were sold. Starting in 1826, Knight crossed the remaining ponies with Arabians, Thoroughbreds, and other breeds to increase their size.

It is said that the modern Ex moor pony descends from the Ac land herd. By the late nineteenth century, the Ex moors were being selectively bred for the characteristic mealy muzzle.

In 1893, the ponies were described in Sidney's Book of the Horse as around 12 hands (48 inches, 122 cm) high, usually bay, and with conformation similar to what it is today. In 1921, the Ex moor Pony Society was formed, and published its first studbook in 1963.

The Second World War led to a sharp decrease in the breed population as the moor became a training ground. The breed nearly became extinct, with only 50 ponies surviving the war.

This was partially due to soldiers using some ponies for target practice and others being stolen and eaten by people in the cities. After the war, a small group of breeders, including Mary Hetherington, continued to preserve the population, and publicity in 1981 resulted in increased interest in the breed.

The first Ex moors in North America were imported to Canada in the 1950s, and several small herds are still maintained there. In the 1990s, small herds of Ex moor ponies were established in various areas of England.

These herds are used to maintain vegetation on nature reserves, many being managed by organizations such as the National Trust, Natural England, and County Wildlife Trusts. Every purebred registered Ex moor is branded with a four-point star on the near (left) shoulder until the 2000s which attracted criticism.

However it is now limited to semi feral ponies as the breeders' choice. In 2000, the Moorland Mousie Trust, a British organization, was established to assist in the preservation of the Ex moor pony.

There is little market for Ex moor colts, so the organization works to raise funds for the gelding and training of these horses. Ex moor ponies in their native habitatCurrently, The Livestock Conservancy considers the population of the Ex moor to be at “threatened” levels, meaning that the estimated global population of the breed is less than 5,000 and there are less than 1,000 registrations annually in the US.

The UK Rare Breeds Survival Trust considers the breed to be “endangered”, meaning that population numbers are estimated to be less than 500 in Great Britain. However, modern DNA researches to date does not support that view, as existing studies indicate they share their maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA with various other horse breeds from across the world, and their paternally inherited Y-chromosome is identical to that of most other domesticated horses.

Wild horses have lived in Britain for hundreds of thousands of years. However, no genetic studies to date have correlated these prehistoric remains to any modern breed.

What has been studied are Y-chromosomes (Y-DNA) and mitochondrial DNA (mt DNA) obtained from Ex moor ponies? The Y-chromosome is passed on through the male line, and worldwide shows very little genetic variation in horses, except for a second Y-chromosome haplotype found in China, suggesting that a very limited number of stallions contributed to the original genome of the domestic horse.

The Ex moor pony shares this general Y-chromosome haplotype. In contrast, mitochondrial DNA is passed on though the female line, and shows far more variation than Y-DNA, indicating that many wild mares from several regions have contributed to modern domestic breeds.

Some mtDNA-haplotypes have been found in DNA samples obtained from wild horses in prehistoric deposits, while other mtDNA-haplotypes have only been found in domesticated horses, from both living individuals and archeological finds. The Ex moor pony has a high frequency of pre-domestication mtDNA-haplotypes, but these are also found in different breeds all around the world.

Currently, for the British Isles, there are only three DNA archeological samples available, all from Ireland. Although wild horses were abundant after the last ice age, the lack of sufficient pre-domestication DNA samples makes it impossible to determine the contribution of the wild horses of the British Islands to modern breeds, including the Ex moor pony.

A 1995 study of morphological characteristics, the outward appearance of organisms, indicated that the Ex moor, the Pollock, and the now-extinct Tarzan have an extremely close resemblance; these breeds were consistently grouped together in the results from several analyses, with the Ex moor showing the closest relationship to the Tarzan of all the breeds studied, at 0.27; the next-closest breeds to the Tarzan were the Pollock and Means, both with a genetic distance from the Tarzan of 0.47. The first indication of domesticated horses in England comes from archaeological investigations showing that the ancient Britons were using wheeled horse-drawn transport extensively in southwest England as early as 400 BC.

Recent research has indicated that there was significant Roman involvement in mining on Ex moor. Metals including iron, tin, and copper were transported to Hengistbury Head in neighboring Dorset for export, and Roman carvings, showing British and Roman chariots pulled by ponies phenotypically similar to the Ex moor, have been found in Somerset.

Ponies not kept in semi-feral conditions are used for a variety of activities including showing, long-distance riding, driving, and agility. The breed's hardiness makes it suitable for conservation grazing, and it contributes to the management of many heathlands, chalk grassland and other natural pasture habitats, as well as to the conservation of Ex moor itself.

^ “Persecuted Ex moor ponies trot back from the brink”. • “Grazing Ex moor ponies to protect County Durham flowers”.

^ “Parameters of Livestock Breeds on the ALEC Conservation Priority List (2007)”. ^ “Equus Survival Trust Equine Conservation List” (PDF).

“On the origins of the Ex moor pony : did the wild horse survive in Britain?” “Origin and History of Mitochondrial DNA Lineages in Domestic Horses”.

^ a b c Lindgren, Gabriella; Backstroke, Nicolas; Swinburne, June; Hellebore, Linda; Larsson, Annika; et al. (1985). “Limited number of patricides in horse domestication” (PDF).

^ Stuart, Tony (2006) “Exotic world before Suffolk”, British Archaeology (86). Archived page ^ Ling, Sinful; Ma, Queue; Gun, Cajun; Cheng, Mejia; Wang, Y.; et al. (2010).

“Identification of Y chromosome genetic variations in Chinese indigenous horse breeds”. ^ Jansen, Thomas; Forster, Peter; Levine, Marsha A.; Else, Hardy; Hurdles, Matthew (2002).

^ Vila, Charles; Leonard, Jennifer A.; Götherström, Andes; Maryland, Stefan; Sandberg, Key; et al. (2001). ^ Woodman, Peter; McCarthy, Margaret; Jonathan, Nigel (1997).

“Analysis of genetic relationships in horse breeds” (PDF). “A Biometric Study of Equips in the Roman World” (PDF).

Brown, Antony; Bennett, Jenny; Rhodes, Edward (April 2009). “Roman mining on Ex moor: a geomorphological approach at Anita's Come, Fullerton”.

CS1 main: ref=hard (link) Dent, Anthony Austen; Hendricks, Bonnie L. (2007). Story's Illustrated Guide to 96 Horse Breeds of North America.

CS1 main: ref=hard (link) Johns, Catherine; Potter, Timothy W. (2002). Early man in Britain and Ireland: an introduction to Paleolithic and Mesolithic cultures.

Other Articles You Might Be Interested In

01: Outside Handrails
02: Tabela Do Serie B
03: Tabela Do Serie B 2020
04: Tacka Do Ociekarki
05: Tacka Do Suszarki
06: Tackett When The King Took Flight
07: Tackifier Where To Buy
08: Tacking When Sailing
09: Tacki Do Grilla
10: Tackle
Sources
1 www.merriam-webster.com - https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/tackle
2 www.dictionary.com - https://www.dictionary.com/browse/tackle
3 dictionary.cambridge.org - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/tackle
4 www.tacklewarehouse.com - https://www.tacklewarehouse.com/
5 - /rebates/welcome
6 www.thefreedictionary.com - https://www.thefreedictionary.com/tackle