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Australian Stud Book Vet

author
James Lee
• Wednesday, 12 May, 2021
• 13 min read

Due to be returned to the Studbook on 15 March of the season the mare was not covered. Access the online services program by logging in via the home page.

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Contents

A Foal Identification Card (FIC) is produced at the time a horse is parentage verified. The Foal Identification Card must be relinquished to the Registrar of Racehorses at the time an application for naming is submitted. In previous years, a passport (or Identification Papers) has been produced for Australian thoroughbreds.

Foal Identification card is produced at the time a horse is parentage verified. Only authorized ASB veterinarians can carry out the extraction of hair required for this test.

Upon positive parentage verification, a Foal Identification Card (FIC) will be sent to the contact associated with the horse. Please note that if a foal dies prior to microchipping and DNA sampling, the microchip must be returned to the ASB as soon as possible. Upon receipt of the microchip, the ASB will issue a refund of the parentage testing fee.

Veterinarians will receive: DNA cards Plastic Bags Reply paid envelopes All imported horses are required to be DNA typed to enable acceptance into the ASB.

The ASB will send breeders an identification kit and advise them of a two-month period in which their foal/s must be microchipped. The veterinarian is required to complete a Microchip, Brand and Sample (MBS) form and return it to the Studbook.

(Source: alabar.com.au)

To assist Thoroughbred breeders to comply with the requirements, the ASB’s microchip supplier, which owns one of the registries approved by the Government to record horses, is offering its services at a reduced rate to enter a Thoroughbred into its registry. To further assist, a preprinted Getafe Register form will be included in the DNA kit sent to breeders in Victoria to provide to your veterinarian at the time of microchipping, if you choose to use this registry.

Brands must be clearly visible as permanent white hair markings before horses are microchipped and DNA sampled. The Brand Index Card must be provided to the veterinarian at the time the horse is microchipped and DNA sampled to enable him/her to enter the correct Brand Index Number on the relevant forms.

Step 3 Wait for the ASB to send your foal’s identification kit. Step 4 Arrange for the veterinarian to visit in the month designated by the AustralianStudBook to implant the microchip.

Step 5 Approximately two weeks after the vet has taken the sample, check that the foal has been parentage verified on the Unnamed Produce page of the website, found under the horse name dropdown menu. Step 6 A Foal Identification Card (FIC) will be issued at the time of parentage verification.

Upon receipt of the FIC, check the identity of the horse against the brands, markings description and microchip number. The FIC must remain with the person currently in possession of the horse, and must be relinquished to the Registrar of Racehorses at the time an application for naming is submitted.

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All Stallion Returns are due to be lodged with the ASB by 30 June each year. Stallion Proprietors who stand stallions that cover more than 40 mares are required to lodge service dates electronically through a stud management system (such as Arden, Quipster or Stable Eyes) or via the Online Declaration of Service facility on this website.

Reporting of coverings are required to be lodged on a monthly basis as follows: Covering Date Lodge with ASB 1-30 September 2020 by 15 October 2021 1-31 October 2020 by 15 November 2021 1-30 November 2020 by 15 December 2020 1-31 December 2020 by 15 January 2021 Later services 2021 by 15th day of next monthStallion Proprietor certifies that the covering stallion is the sire of the foal. Required to be certified Online by the Stallion Proprietor from 31 January of the covering season, once the breeding contract fee has been received from the breeder.

We must remember that until 1857 the whole of Australia generally was called New South Wales, so Price’s work virtually summarized information about racing stock in all the States. The fact that imported Bay Cameron carries the same name as his English sire was not then unusual.

“Bay mare by Waverley out of Per by Gratis, grand-dam of Aspic by Satellite; In 1857 covered by New Warrior”. “A bay Arab imported at high cost from Bombay by Sir Thomas Brisbane for the Government about the year 1824. This noble specimen of an Arab stood little more than 14 hands, and, with perfect symmetry, combined length, breadth, depth and muscle sufficient to furnish the Mounted Police Corps of the Colony with troop horses which could scarcely be over-weighted or over-ridden.

Satellite covered, in the first instance, for the government at Wellington; afterwards in the Stud of the late Colonel Dumas at St Helper’s Hunter River, and was finally transferred to the Messes MacArthur, at Camden, where he died.” Satellite was one of the wonderful Arab sires which helped to build the racing breed in Australia.

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(Source: sconevetdynasty.com.au)

The greatest of these Arabs was Hector, sire of several taproots in today’s Australian and New Zealand Stud Books. Later the same afternoon he was saddled up again to win another 3 miler; against the Geelong horse Van Tromp which he won in seven seconds faster time than his earlier race.

The Australian breeding industry owes much to this pioneer Studbook author for his “greater mass of authentic information respecting the Pedigrees of Horses, then has ever been collected together”. From the early principle of “express purpose of preserving an official record of the breeding industry in Australia and of assisting to improve the standard of the blood horse in the country” to “ensuring the integrity of thoroughbred breeding in Australia,” there has been much change to the way the AustralianStudBook operates.

From the earliest time, breeding was a most important factor in the development of a satisfactory standard of racing in Australia. Although the first race meeting in Australia is generally regarded as being held in October 1810 at Hyde Park, Sydney, twenty-two years after the first settlement, it was not until 1842 that any attempt was made to establish a Studbook.

The newly formed Australian Jockey Club deemed it desirable that a Studbook for the colony be established and requested horse identification details from breeders but nothing came of the AJC’s project. As the nation grew and each state emerged, the settlement of rural land intensified and the local race club became an integral part of community life.

In 1847, the Tasmanian Race Club appointed one of its officers, WT Mac Michael, as Keeper of the Studbook, but no further stud books appeared in print. Harry P Most compiled and edited a second volume in 1868 which was published by Bell’s Sporting Life, and in which he begged forgiveness for the delay and the number of errors caused by stud masters holding back information.

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The AJC, in 1860, established 1st August as the official birthdate of all horses born in Australia, to correct the climactic, breeding and pastoral imbalances caused by the Northern Hemisphere’s 1st January birthday. Around 1859, William Level edited Volume 1 of the Victorian Studbook, published by Bell’s Sporting Life, which ran for four volumes, the last in 1875 compiled by William Guille junior, sporting editor of the Melbourne Weekly Times, also apologizing for the delay in publication.

Could this be the trainer of Darrell, winner of the 1879 Melbourne Cup, and brother of Frank FD akin, ARC Handicapper who later helped with the AustralianStudBook ? Guille was assisted with the compilation by a number of interested subscribers, including men whose names live on through races in recognition of their services to racing, being RC Begot (ARC Secretary), TS Cliburn (AJC Secretary) and CB Fisher, who had a Plate named after him, which is now the ARC Queen Elizabeth Stakes.

Often at major meetings, there were as many as 24 match races of two horses with stakes ranging from £200 to £2,000, an enormous amount of money. The Weather by family still own and manage the General Studbook and provide a secretariat service to British racing, handling nominations, acceptances, results as well as breeding records.

They bought 2,000 merino sheep and shipped them to Geelong in 1837 but trouble with the aborigines around the Barton River forced them to move on to Ballarat in 1838 along with Henry Anderson, one of the first white settlers to do so. It appears Guille had a falling out with Anderson and set up a separate camp on the corner of now Pleasant Street and Endured Parade which today is marked by an obelisk outside the State school.

A story is told that when William Guille asked an aboriginal woman the name of the swamp, that was her reply. The following year Guille travelled to New Zealand, became caught up in incidents around the Treaty of Waiting with Maoris, returned to Melbourne and sailed for England in 1840.

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After his return in 1842, William established a mercantile firm with James Elephant Denny which took up the Right Run station at the Rock bank run and where William lived until he returned to England in 1853 having sold all his stations to his cousin Archibald. He took them all back to Scotland in 1853 where they lived for five years, later returning to Australia to reside in Williams town, Victoria.

One of his first experiences in racing was in 1839 when he matched his horse Bobby against a mare from Tasmania, owned by William Wood for £25 stakes and breakfast for a dozen people. Guille became interested in breeding thoroughbreds from around 1842 and was a member of the Port Philip Turf Club which conducted racing in the area known as Melbourne Racecourse, subsequently to become Flemington.

Historian Andrew Lemon, credits Guille, along with James Curves, as doing the most to introduce new racehorses to Victoria in the early years. Apparently, when his top racehorse Flying Buck won the Australasian Championship Stakes over three miles in 1860, Guille walked away with over £7,000 in winning bets.

The Championship win was the first time that racing made sporting headlines, appearing in Bell’s Life In Sydney. However, at the next start Flying Buck was beaten and the jockey asserted that Guille instructed him not to win, only to retract the statement explaining that bookmakers had forced him to say it.

Guille used the proceeds of the earlier winnings to purchase Melbourne’s best-known sporting bookshop, Kirk’s Bazaar at 47 West Burke Street. William closed his racing establishment in 1866 to take up the position of principal sporting writer for the Australasian newspaper, writing under the nodes plumes of ‘Peeping Tom’ and ‘Playboy.’ He was a Victoria Racing Club steward and handicapper and a member of Waterfalls’ Committee until 1881.

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One of the elder William’s other six sons, and a member of his firm, Archibald (Archie) Guille, a ARC committeeman and treasurer, helped his father to publish Volume 1 of the AustralianStudBook, containing over 2,000 mares which had been at stud in the last 60 years, in 1878. He referred to himself as ‘The Compiler’ and when the AJC and ARC took over the ownership in 1910 they adopted the English title of Keeper of the Studbook for its appointees.

Archie was eventually honored with life membership of the Victoria Racing Club and was responsible for compiling and publishing the next eight volumes of the AustralianStudBook up to 1909 with the assistance of Frank Akin, a ARC handicapper, from 1880 until his death in 1901 during the compilation of Volume 8, in which Archie pays tribute. His policy was to keep the breed as pure as possible and gradually eliminate the doubtful elements at Australian studs.

In addition, some English mares with incomplete pedigrees such as Nutty Park, the ancestress of Array plus another 101 major race winners, were accepted. Of those excluded altogether, their current owners were paying the penalty of their breeders’ carelessness and neglect in keeping satisfactory records.

The Noodles consistently called for a regulated naming system as many horses around Australia carried the same name and many others had their names changed regularly, which Archie Guille referred to as “the interminable repetition of names.” Archie had also complained in Volume 9 about breeders “unblushingly submitting impossible pedigrees, and indignant letters received when they have been refused.” The scope of Volume 1 was to not only include the broodmares of the colonies which were not yet united but also those of New Zealand in a time when communication facilities were unsophisticated. Nearly twenty years later, another family member, Albert London Guille, a son of Archie, in 1927 renewed the family’s long association with racing and breeding in Australia, publishing, as Keeper, Volumes 16 to 21 of the AustralianStudBook until he retired in December 1949 due to ill-health.

In 1948 London had views of the benefits of an international studbook committee, whereby officials from the major thoroughbred producing countries could work out an agreement suitable to all, to enable the acceptance of horses. London had also been connected with the bloodstock sales firm of William Guille Company for a number of years.

Rouse, an AJC committeeman was renowned for his vast knowledge of pedigrees and remarkable accuracy, and came from a family with long associations with the turf of New South Wales. He introduced, in Volume 11, extended pedigrees of all new broodmares tracing to their approved taproot or colonial mare to assist breeders.

Later, the date crept forward another month to 28 February, right up until 1986 when it changed to within 15 days of foaling. He arrived at the AJC in 1947 as Deputy Keeper, fresh out of Sydney University with a degree in veterinary science.

Jim still enjoys doing his form and attending carnival days at Royal Rand wick Racecourse with his wife, Laurie. Jim was also the AJC’s official raceway veterinarian, so he was very closely connected to the outcome of the many horses recorded in the studbook.

John Dig by brought modern management practices to the organization combining this with regular communication with industry stakeholders such as the professional breeders and veterinary associations, commercial breeding associations, race club officials, stewards, and any professional whose advice would be useful. This enabled Dig by to bring about significant change to the age-old identification system for thoroughbreds, the benefits of which will be felt more than twenty years down the track.

Michael Ford became eighth Keeper of the Studbook in 2004 after a twenty-year apprenticeship as Deputy Keeper and has focused on upgrading and extending the online returns system as well as the production of identification cards for unnamed racehorses, and breeders’ registered brands. In 1910 the AJC and the ARC purchased the copyright of the AustralianStudBook from WC Guille & Company “for the express purpose of preserving an official record of the breeding industry in Australia and of assisting to improve the standard of the blood horse in the country.” The AustralianStudBook was located at 6 Bligh Street, Sydney from 1910 with the AJC, until it moved to Rand wick Racecourse around 1961.

Once an organized central body overseeing breeding records had been established, many horses of doubtful origin were excluded. This was aggravated by the fact that many breeders did not bother to keep breeding records nor submit regular Studbook returns.

The first Keeper appointed by the AJC and ARC, AP Wilson, stated in Volume 10 that many of the yearlings sold at annual sales under the title of thoroughbred did not come within that designation by any stretch of the imagination. Because breeders were taking advantage of lenient conditions, the Committee introduced a time limit in which to return broodmares.

In due course, various measures were introduced including foaling slips, service certificates and identification of horses at public sales. The most notable was the mix-up of the foals of Goldstein Nymph and Phoenix Girl which had its origins in Western Australia where the mares were mistakenly identified before travelling to New South Wales.

In 1921 the Blood Horse Breeders Association of Australia requested that the principal auction houses restrict their catalogs only to Studbook stock. The ban was not lifted until 1996 when blood typing was able to resolve any identification queries, thereby enabling Non Studbook horses to compete in the classics as long as their parentage had been successfully established.

The proprietors of the AustralianStudBook have achieved their original aims and the Studbook now plays a vital role in the breeding and racing industry. While breeders can select mating son the bases of confirmation and performance, only the stud books can provide assurance that the breeding of the horse is beyond question.

A mare or stallion cannot be considered for inclusion in the Australian Stud Book unless its name has been officially registered for it A foal cannot be accepted for inclusion unless: the owner submits acceptable returns and identifies the foal by the prescribed dates the stallion owner has satisfactorily established the identity of the covered mare A mare or stallion cannot be considered for inclusion unless it has been entered in the ASB or an approved foreign stud book as a foal Returns for a mare must commence for the year in which she was served for the first time and from thereon annually. The measures also enabled the AustralianStudBook to collect accurate fertility figures of stallions and to publish the full breeding records of mares.

This was to close the records on horses of doubtful origin as the public’s expectation of correct identity increased. If the family produced black type performance, and the pedigree could be traced back eight generations, horses could be promoted to studbook status.

The issue arose with statistics showing an extraordinary number of foals born on 1 August, the horse’s official birthday. Rather than bring in onerous regulations to police this or send race officials to visit studs during the last week of July, Dig by looked at the problem from the other side, realizing that you cannot control the date of foaling, but you can control the date of covering.

Racing and breeding officials agreed this was a pragmatic solution to an age-old problem and although the outcome was initially criticized by Northern Hemisphere studbook authorities, the rule was quickly established in New Zealand and South Africa. Born in Rand wick close to the racecourse, he cites horse trainer Albert McKenna as one of his big influences in gaining a love of the racehorse.

Fees for returning broodmares and registering breeders were introduced in 1950 when the cost of running the Studbook became too difficult for the Principal Clubs to bear and their contributions ceased. The AustralianStudBook fees are still the lowest of all major studbook authorities for the cost of officially identifying a foal.

This identification is a virtual guarantee of the pedigree of each horse and means a breeder can sell with assurance while an owner can buy with confidence whether spending one million or one thousand dollars. YearStaffBroodmaresFoalsType of Work 1971816,0009,000manual receiving, collating, checking, publishing19843838,00018,000computerising the records19912736,00017,000benefits of computerized recording20021731,00018,000benefits of improved systems and management20061230,00018,000benefits of online systems Modern Technology Looking back one hundred years, or even fifty years, one wonders how the Keepers and staff managed to compile and publish the enormous amount of information received in hard copy.

Today we have the benefit of modern technology which enables a studbook to be produced virtually by the press of a button. The most important relationship the AustralianStudBook has forged since 1980 is with the University of Queensland, which provided a parentage testing service through blood typing until 2002.

Since then, the University of Queensland’s Australian Equine Genetics Research Center, a world leader in its field, has supplied a DNA typing service for the joint proprietors of the Studbook. The independence of this parentage testing service and its quality control protocols ensures breed integrity at the highest level, in which Australian breeders can have complete confidence.

However, many breeders and collectors own bound sets of stud books, ranging from 1878 to 2005, which they cherish and which form a handsome background to their libraries. An institution which has survived for over 127 years can only do so if it is strong, adaptable, has independent integrity and the confidence of the people it is serving.

From its early days, the AustralianStudBook has matured from a bureaucratic regulatory organization, which was necessary for much of the first eighty years, to an organic body capable of adopting and adapting new technology for the ultimate benefit of breeders. This change only eventuated with the advent of technology in the 1980s with blood typing and DNA typing, computers, microchips and the internet.

Until this technology was available, Keepers had no other recourse than the strict regime of paperwork and deadlines in order to verify the breeding details of racehorses. Modern technology enables the Studbook to streamline the receipt of information by being able to verify it scientifically and produce an easy method of identifying a racehorse.

This adoption of technology paradoxically means the Studbook itself can take on a role of a coach to encourage and urge breeders to lodge the breeding details themselves online rather than as a hectoring bureaucrat. They maintained the fledgling AustralianStudBook in its early days when owned elsewhere, nurtured it for decades after they bought the publishing rights, and today provide guidance that brings industry confidence to what the Studbook is doing for breeders by guaranteeing the identity of their foals.

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