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Eligibility: SSS, FF, RB, VG BRA, SDC, CS In every breeding industry there are a number of incredibly influential bloodstock that make their mark on the stud book. These are the stallions and dams that dominate Quarter Horse news and have made such a huge impact on their breed that they are known almost as household names.
It wasn’t until his offspring were put to the test as cutting horses that he became forever known as a performance sire. In 1974, he earned the first ever World Champion Open Aged Halter Stallion title.
He sired 2,250 horses in total, and made a name for his bloodline in halter after his world championship. Mr. Jessie James– This Australian-bred Quarter Horse gained a foothold by excelling in the cutting arena.
Through meticulous breeding programs, careful stallion and mare management and great knowledge of what makes a great Quarter Horse, the Quarter Horse has excelled across the board. Find out how Equine can help manage your Quarter Horse mares by using light therapy for a successful breeding and foaling season.
But the aforementioned factors are rarely good enough to smoke out a winner at a nice price these days. If the winner is obvious after basic handicapping has been performed, the odds will reflect that, and generally make the horse an underlay or poor betting proposition.
These simple angles can be valuable in tough races in which it is difficult to separate the contenders from the non-contenders. If you happen to find two or more angles applying to the same horse you may have found yourself an excellent bet.
If the horse was close to the pace, went off at odds lower than 10-1 or experienced some degree of trouble in its Maiden Special Weight races, it should be given even more consideration. Regardless, because the class drop is often steeper than it looks on paper, and because the horse now has some racing experience, it has to be given extra consideration.
If the horse has been showing speed and stopping badly in all its races, the class drop might not be enough, but these kind can and do come back to win every day at good odds. A horse able to get the lead by itself is an wonderful bet no matter what the class or distance.
Even with the introduction of synthetic racing surfaces, which so far have tended to favor closer, a lone speed horse still has an advantage and should be bet at the right price. A horse that has been showing speed but that has always been under pressure in its previous races can romp when finally able to get the lead by itself.
Additionally, if the horse is of the cheaper variety, and it does win, it can often repeat or run well in its next start if the same rider stays aboard. Cheaper horses generally perform at the top of their game for only a very short period of time in their yearly form cycle.
Obviously, a combination of multiple repeating angles will make the horses an even better proposition. If a horse has that has been showing speed and fading in its races suddenly changes its running style with a good effort from off the pace the light bulb may have gone on.
The running style change angle is often missed or dismissed by average handicappers, but you should definitely keep it in your toolbox. There are numerous handicapping angles in horse racing, all of which can lead to profits when identified and applied at the right time.
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When our equine companions arrived in the Americas with the Spanish conquistadors, many of the indigenous tribes began adopting them into their cultures. Many of these tribes favored loud-colored animals, and settlers often caught and used wild spotted mustangs.
Eventually, breeders began selecting traits beyond just a loud coat color. They excel at ranch work, rodeo events, but they also make a splash in stuffy English show rings as well.
Common Colors: sorrel, bay, black, brown, chestnut, dun, palomino The humble beginnings of the quarter horse began in the original American colonies.
Just chaos , via Wikimedia CommonsKnown for their smooth gaits and good-natured personalities, American Saddle bred horses excel in the show ring and the lesson barn. As English settlers brought their sleek carriage-pulling Thoroughbreds to America, they crossed them with the now-extinct Narragansett Pacer.
In the South, the “American Saddle Horse” became bigger, flashier, and provided a more comfortable ride. The “Kentucky Saddler” developed to carry plantation owners efficiently and comfortably across their lands, and they were a favorite mount of officers in the Civil War.
While you might generally see them in saddle seat performance rings, they are often shown in hunter classes or Western tack. Even before Roman times, elegant warhorses were used in Spain (and Lusitania) for hundreds of years for ranch work and bullfighting.
Affable and agile, they respond well to light aids, which is a necessary trait during a high-pressure situation (such as a bullfight) and for dressage. There are herds of wild mustangs today that trace their ancestry back to these fine riding horses.
The New Peace people acquired spotted horses from descendants of Spanish bloodstock. They began what would become a sophisticated breeding program for scrappy, hardworking range horses with good sense and tough feet.
Common Uses : Endurance, dressage, jumping, performance, pleasure and trail riding Thousands of years of meticulous breeding by the Bedouin tribes of the Arabian Peninsula created a horse that was swift, loyal, and had excellent stamina.
Common Uses : Driving, pulling, agricultural work, performance, pleasure riding The Belgian breed arrived in America in the late 1800s, but in 1904, Belgium sent “an impressive array of horses” to the World’s Fair.
This sparked a public interest in these heavy, docile horses that continues to this day. These gentle giants are relatively easy to handle, and can often be found under saddle in lesson programs or out on the trails.
Common Colors: Bay and brown, usually with wide face markings and white feet Originally from Scotland, the Clydesdale is a popular draft horse for agricultural work, driving, and also riding.
In 1878, General Ulysses S. Grant was gifted two exceptional stallions during a visit with his good friend, the Sultan of Turkey. They make excellent ranch horses, and are also good for working with cattle.
Bred for speed, stamina, agility, and talent, the Dutch Warm blood can excel at nearly every equestrian discipline. They consistently perform in top levels of jumping and dressage competitions, including the Olympics.
The breed began in Holland, as the needs shifted away from heavy workhorses to lighter riding horses. After World War II, mechanized farming became the norm, and horses were used for recreation.
They are popular choices for sport and competition in the United States, and many are imported directly from Holland. Today, they are increasing in popularity as a nice show pony, perfect for exhibiting under saddle or driven in harness.
The magnificent Frisian is known for its rich black coat, full mane and tail, and sophisticated regal appearance and way of moving. These majestic black horses also hail from Holland, where strict breeding regulations have maintained exceptionally pure bloodlines for generations.
Due to their striking appearance, these horses are also popular in movies and TV. The Roma are an ethnic group of people that traditionally live and travel with horse-drawn carriages, pulled by striking painted horses.
The Roma people have maintained extensive oral pedigrees for their animals creating a well-mannered, easy-keeping, flashy carriage horse. A blend of Thoroughbred, Arabian, Cleveland Bay and Norfolk trotter, the Hackney is mostly known as an elegant harness horse with a high-stepping energetic trot.
You may also occasionally see them in open saddle seat competitions with Morgans and American Saddlebags. For hundreds of years, farmers in the Tyrolean area of Austria and northern Italy have used the small, stocky, good-natured chestnut Harbinger horse for plowing their rocky terrain.
They are versatile horses, suitable for pleasure riding, light farm work, and dressage. The Hanoverian began as a noble coach horse, hauling the aristocrats of the Holy Roman Empire in the 17th century.
Early Holstein er horses developed in the 13th century, plowing farms for German monasteries. France imported Holsteins by the thousands to use as cavalry horses due to their stamina, strength, and good gaits.
Eventually, farming became mechanized, and the heavy artillery horses of World War II were no longer needed. So, breeders added Thoroughbred and Arabian bloodlines to turn the Holstein er into a talented competition horse.
Despite their small stature (only standing about 12-14 hands tall), they are considered horses, not ponies. They are agreeable and tough, and make excellent mounts for children, beginners, or those with joint problems who might be looking for a smoother ride.
They excel in endurance, trekking, trail riding, and can often be found in low-level dressage or hunter rings. At my barn, we affectionately call them “expensive lawn ornaments.” Although, these intelligent animals can be used to pull carts, in free-jumping or agility, and may be ridden by children.
Common Colors: Bay, black, brown, chestnut, pinto, buckskin, cello, palomino, champagne Another gained mountain breed, the Missouri Fox Trotter is a comfortable ranch and trail horse with a sweet disposition.
Known more for their surefootedness than their flashy movements, these horses are commonly found on the trail or in backyard farms. They’re even used by the U.S. Forest Service to cover thousands of miles of trails and open land.
Many of these traits are still evident today in the Tennessee Walking Horse, Saddle bred, and Standard bred. Today, Morgans make wonderful pleasure horses for riding or driving.
They stand out in the show ring with their fine good looks, but they also make excellent trail and family riding horses as well. When Christopher Columbus and the other conquistadors sailed to the New World, they brought their fine Spanish horses with them.
As more Europeans settled in the Americas, their horses were often sold, stolen, or escaped (not many corrals in those days! After hundreds of years of natural selection, herds of wild horses now roam the American West.
While people were unofficially crossing these two breeds for a long time, now there is a registry for approved sires and dams. While the registry is open to any of the three foundation breeds to produce National Show Horse foals, they still must be approved for breeding by the National Show Horse Registry for the foal to be registered as an NSW.
The hardy little Fjord horse was traditionally used in Norway for farm work, driving, riding, and navigating the harsh rocky climate. These horses have a distinct look that sets them apart from other breeds, including primitive markings and a stiff, mohawk-like mane.
Their small stature and gentle disposition often make them good choices for children, but they’re strong enough to carry adults as well. These horses excel at equestrian sports, and you can often find them in the winning Olympic circles of show jumping, eventing, and dressage.
These are well-bred horses, and the breed association has a saying, “quality is the only standard that counts.” Thus, you may have several Oldenburg's that vary slightly in type and conformation. Despite this, they are bold horses with expressive gaits, and they excel in the performance arena.
Common Colors: bay, black, brown, buckskin, chestnut, dun, gray, palomino The Peruvian Pass is a smooth-gaited horse suitable for trail or pleasure riding or exhibiting in the show ring.
Like many other ancient Spanish breeds, the Peruvian Pass developed from the need for a comfortable riding horse over rough terrain. When people spent much of their time on horseback, they wanted comfortable horses with ground-covering ambling gaits.
The Peruvian Pass is known for the unique action of its termini, which is a natural rolling movement of the front leg during their ambling gait. Performance Peruvian Pass are shown barefoot to showcase their natural abilities, wearing no shoes or other aids.
Common Colors: Bay, black, brown, chestnut, gray, sorrel, palomino, pinto Like many other American gained breeds, the Racking Horse developed as an answer for crossing large Southern plantations in comfort and style.
After racing fell out of favor (although it would later become popular again), Racking Horse owners turned to shows to exhibit the skills of their comfortable breed. Unlike Tennessee Walking Horses or American Saddlebags, Racking Horses are shown without big shoes or tail sets, and correct form and speed are prized over flashy knee action.
These robust sport horses from France often dominate the show jumping arena at the highest levels of competition. Like many athletic warm bloods, the Sell Français began as a powerful carriage and cavalry horse.
Originally from the British Shetland Islands, these ponies worked in the coal mines after child labor was outlawed. These large, heavy horses were used in England for hundreds of years as strong pack and plow animals, making their way to the Americas in the 1800s.
Because they possess excellent movement, they are also often crossed with Thoroughbreds to produce talented jumpers. Eventually, some of these trotting and pacing races became popular, under saddle and in harness.
The ability to trot or pace is actually determined by a gene, which scientists have recently identified as the DMRT3. Now, breeders can theoretically test young Standard bred racehorses and determine whether their career will be more successful as a pacer or a trotter.
Born in England at the very end of the 17th century, three imported stallions became the foundation sires for what is arguably one of the most popular and influential horse breeds in history. All Thoroughbreds registered with the Jockey Club can trace back their lineage to these three important stallions.
As the racing industry changed (and actually became legal), flatter and longer tracks were built. Hundreds of failed racehorses retire from the racing industry each year, and many are able to excel in other disciplines such as jumping, eventing, and dressage.
With a closed studbook, they have a distinct type –these horses have excellent conformation, “compelling presence, and nobility of bearing.” At the end of World War II, hundreds of Trainers traveled across the frozen Baltic Sea, fleeing from Soviet forces.
Only the strongest survived, and these individuals built the athletic and noble horse that exists today. With an endurance that makes them successful at the top levels of competition, they also excel in eventing as well.
Like the rest of the warm blood breeds you can find in the US, the Westphalia horse is exceptionally athletic. These horses trace back to those used on the rocky farmland hills of Wales.