In cases where there is a clear breeding line, the purchase of the stallion can represent savings, especially when several mares are going to be covered. The Best Stallions are usually horses with a lot of race, of a considerable size and that transmit functionality, nobility and beauty.
In our Stallions Catalog we have three horses of excellent origins and that over the years they have provided us with colts and fillies of great quality that have proven their worth both in morphological competitions and in their equestrian sports activity. In Nevada Disobey we have a Qualified Stallion, Team, a Spanish Gray horse from which you can watch videos, photos and some of their foals.
In our case the fillies that we have sold and that many of them are already competing mares, are what our clients were looking for, animals that keep the necessary balance between beauty, nobility and functionality. In our farm we usually wean the colts at 5 months, at which time they are already eating alone, they have already taken all the vitamin provided by breast milk and can feed themselves.
Buying Spanish Fillies just weaned is a very good option to acquire a high quality animal at a more competitive price. In our section Horses for Sale, you can find several fillies of different ages and coat colors, just weaned or with 3 years old ready to start breeding, training or both.
On our website you can see videos and photos of all our horses and mares, we try to have it updated so you can see the evolution of the foals. Trying to take the best of each line we have achieved a type of Spanish Horse that stands out for the great characteristics of the breed, Nobility, Beauty and Functionality.
The horses work five days a week, on the saddle, hitch or rope, so that they are fit and allows us to assess their movements. Some of our clients use our horses and some mares for Dome Vaquero, a type of dressage that requires great physical skills and delivery to work.
The ease of the Spanish horse is its physical and mental strength, which allows it to adapt to virtually any equestrian discipline. In our Horses for Sale section we have stallions, mares, fillies and colts of Contrast Quality.
The colts when they reach three years we train them with time, so that they learn the basics and have a good base so that either we, or our clients, can get the most out of them. PRE fillies are available from weaning to mares with 3 years old with which you can start working, both in breeding and in their dressage.
Andalusian Horses are a symbol of our country that make thousands of people enjoy this beautiful animal all over the world. Selecting nobility and movements bloodlines, so we have achieved a balanced type of horse with the ability to learn and want to work.
When buying an Andalusian Horse, we recommend that our clients come to try them at our stud farm, where our staff compares them and shows them their level of dressage. The photos of our horses are published daily on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, where our followers can see their evolution and make comments that always help us improve.
The videos show their movements in the three airs, Step, Trot and Gallop, which allows you to get an idea of the quality of each horse. At the birth of the foals we perform the imprinting, which helps our horses to be easier to touch, bruise and handle when they are adults.
Later we try that the foals are in liberating along with others of their same age, so that they take advantage of the vitamins that the sun gives them in our farm, and they can run in freedom. In Nevada Disobey we have stallions for coverings of Andalusian mares.
We have gray, buskin and black stallions of the best genealogical lines. We tend to cover our mares naturally and the requests we receive from other farmers and hobbyists who want to cover their mares with our horses are served by sending semen through urgent messaging.
The semen is transported in a refrigerated container to reach its destination in optimal conditions. Andalusian stallions or covering horses are selected for their ability to convey the best of their character, morphology and functionality.
Not all whole horses have this capacity and the selected ones, in addition to being suitable as breeders in which they are contrasted, with offspring that guarantee their worth as a stallion The covering certificate also applies to prove the origin of the colt or filly once born and able his register.
Artist Analog is a small farm located in Holly, Michigan dedicated to breeding quality Pure Spanish Andalusian's (P.R.E.) Our horses come from some best bloodlines in Spain proven for conformation, performance, athleticism, movement and temperament.
Jade II The Serenading is a magnificent, imported buckskin Luciano stallion. Jade represents the absolutely best Luciano dressage bloodlines in Portugal, lines that are known for their commanding presence and fantastic movement.
Evidence of this is that he has already won a silver medal from the Apse in the USA; an achievement that few Lusitania attain. What makes Jade so unique is his laid-back personality and eagerness to please, combined with a strong work ethic and enormous presence.
Grand Prix dressage and working equitation are in his future, and he has already excelled in the show ring. He is the 2016 EA RHC Eastern Region Luciano Stallion Champion and was successfully shown in his first dressage show in 2018.
Jade unique and highly desired color includes the crème gene, giving him his buckskin pattern. He has a lovely and correct Luciano sub-convex head, almond eyes and Iberian body type, along with height and bone.
Strongly built, and compact yet elegant, Andalusian's have long, thick manes and tails. A sub-strain within the breed known as the Cartesian, is considered by breeders to be the purest strain of Andalusian, though there is no genetic evidence for this claim.
The second characteristic is the occasional presence of “horns”, which are frontal bosses, possibly inherited from Asian ancestors. The physical descriptions of the bosses vary, ranging from calcium-like deposits at the temple to small horn-like protuberances near or behind the ear.
In the early history of the breed, certain white markings and whorls were considered to be indicators of character and good or bad luck. Poor elevation, irregular tempo, and excessive winging (sideways movement of the legs from the knee down) are discouraged by breed registry standards.
Andalusian's are known for their agility and their ability to learn difficult moves quickly, such as advanced collection and turns on the haunches. Andalusian's were found to over track less (the degree to which the hind foot lands ahead of the front hoof print) but also exhibit greater flexing of both fore and hind joints, movement consistent with the more elevated way of going typically found in this breed.
The authors of the study theorized that these characteristics of the breed's trot may contribute to their success as a riding and dressage horse. A 2008 study found that Andalusian's experience ischemic (reduced blood flow) diseases of the small intestine at a rate significantly higher than other breeds; and stallions had higher numbers of inguinal hernias, with risk for occurrence 30 times greater than other breeds.
In the course of the study, Andalusian's also showed the highest risk of laminates as a medical complication related to the intestinal issues. Although Portuguese historian Run d'Andrade hypothesized that the ancient Sorraiabreed was an ancestor of the Southern Iberian breeds, including the Andalusian, genetic studies using mitochondrial DNA show that the Sorrier is part of a genetic cluster that is largely separated from most Iberian breeds.
Throughout history, the Iberian breeds have been influenced by many peoples and cultures who occupied Spain, including the Celts, the Carthaginians, the Romans, various Germanic tribes and the Moors. Mitochondrial DNA studies of the modern Andalusian horse of the Iberian Peninsula and Barb horse of North Africa present convincing evidence that both breeds crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and were used for breeding with each other, influencing one another's bloodlines.
Some of the earliest written pedigrees in recorded European history were kept by Cartesian monks, beginning in the 13th century. Because they could read and write, and were thus able to maintain careful records, monastics were given the responsibility for horse breeding by certain members of the nobility, particularly in Spain.
Andalusian stud farms for breeding were formed in the late 15th century in Cartesian monasteries in Jerez, Seville and Camilla. The Malthusians bred powerful, weight-bearing horses in Andalusia for the Crown of Castile, using the finest Spanish Jennets as foundation bloodstock.
By the 16th century, during the reigns of Charles V (1500–1558) and Phillip II (1556–1581), Spanish horses were considered the finest in the world. As early as the 15th century, the Spanish horse was widely distributed throughout the Mediterranean, and was known in northern European countries, despite being less common and more expensive there.
As time went on, kings from across Europe, including every French monarch from Francis I to Louis XVI, had equestrian portraits created showing themselves riding Spanish-type horses. The Conquistadors of the 16th century rode Spanish horses, particularly animals from Andalusia, and the modern Andalusian descended from similar bloodstock.
Despite their ancient history, all living Andalusian's trace to a few horses bred by religious orders in the 18th and 19th centuries. An influx of heavy horse blood beginning in the 16th century, resulted in the dilution of many of the bloodlines ; only those protected by selective breeding remained intact to become the modern Andalusian.
In 1832, an epidemic seriously affected Spain's horse population, from which only one small herd survived in a stud at the monastery in CARTA. Bloodlines in the United States also rely on imported stock, and all American Andalusian's can be traced directly to the stud books in Portugal and Spain.
There are around 8,500 animals in the United States, where the International Andalusian and Luciano Horse Association (Alpha) registers around 700 new purebred foals every year. The pure sub-type is rare, as only around 12 percent of the Andalusian horses registered between the founding of the stud book in the 19th century and 1998 were considered Malthusians.
They calculated a Fixation index (F ST) based on genealogical information and concluded that the distinction between the two is not supported by genetic evidence. The Cartesian line was established in the early 18th century when two Spanish brothers, Andrés and Diego Zamora, purchased a stallion named El Sol dado and bred him to two mares.
One of the offspring of El Sol dado, a dark gray colt named Enclave, became the foundation sire of the Cartesian line. Other animals of these bloodlines were absorbed into the main Andalusian breed; the stock given to the monks was bred into a special line, known as Zamora nos.
Throughout the following centuries, the Zamora nos bloodlines were guarded by the Cartesian monks, to the point of defying royal orders to introduce outside blood from the Neapolitan horse and central European breeds. The original stock of Malthusians was greatly depleted during the Peninsular Wars, and the strain might have become extinct if not for the efforts of the Zapata family.
Today, the Cartesian strain is raised in state-owned stud farms around Jerez de la Frontera, Badajoz and Córdoba, and also by several private families. Cartesian horses continue to be in demand in Spain, and buyers pay high prices for members of the strain.
Spain's worldwide military activities between the 14th and 17th centuries called for large numbers of horses, more than could be supplied by native Spanish mares. Because of the influence of the later Habsburg families, who ruled in both Spain and other nations of Europe, the Andalusian was crossbred with horses of Central Europe and the Low Countries and thus was closely related to many breeds that developed, including the Neapolitan horse, Groningen, Lipizzaner and Kladruber.
They thus influenced many German breeds, including the Hanoverian, Holstein, East Frisian and Oldenburg. Thus, the original term Andalusian simply described the horses of distinct quality that came from Andalusia in Spain.
The Villeins name has occasionally been applied to modern Andalusian's, but originally referred to heavy, crossbred horses from the mountains north of Jaén. Some sources state that the Andalusian and the Luciano are genetically the same, differing only in the country of origin of individual horses.
Other organizations, such as The Association of Purebred Spanish Horse Breeders of Spain (Association Nacional de Criadores DE Cabal lo de Pura Gaza Espinoza or AN CCE), use the term “Pure Gaza Espinoza” or PRE to describe the true Spanish horse, and claim sole authority to officially register and issue documentation for PRE Horses, both in Spain and anywhere else in the world. In most of the world the terms Andalusian and “PRE” are considered one and the same breed, but the public position of the AN CCE is that terms such as Andalusian and “Iberian horse” refer only to crossbred, which the AN CCE considers to be horses that lack quality and purity, without official documentation or registration from official Spanish Stud Book.
They share responsibility for the Purebred Iberian Horse (an Andalusian /Luciano cross) with the Luciano Association of Australasia. The name Pure Gaza Espinoza (PRE), translated as “Pure Spanish Horse,” is the term used by the AN CCE, a private organization, and the Ministry of Agriculture of Spain.
Spain's Ministry of Agriculture recognizes the AN CCE as the representing entity for PRE breeders and owners across the globe, as well as the administrator of the breed stud book. AN CCE functions as the international parent association for all breeders worldwide who record their horses as PRE.
This new registry claims that all of their registered horses trace back to the original stud book maintained by the CIA Caballero, which was a branch of the Spanish Ministry of Defense, for 100 years. In early 2009, the courts decided on behalf of CCE, explaining that the CIA Caballero formed the Libra DE Origin.
The court found that by giving AN CCE sole control of the stud book, Spain's Ministry of Defense was acting in a discriminatory manner. Based on the Brussels court decision, an application has been made by the Foundation for the Pure Spanish Horse to maintain the United States stud book for the PRE.
As of March 2011, Spain has not revoked AN CCE's right to be the sole holder of the PRE stud book, and has instead reaffirmed the organization's status. By 1925, the Portuguese military expected horses to “cover 40 km over uneven terrain at a minimum speed of 10 km/h, and to gallop a flat course of 8 km at a minimum speed of 800 meters per minute carrying a weight of at least 70 kg”, and the Spanish military had similar standards.
As well as being a traditional farming practice, it also served as a test of endurance, hardiness and willingness for the maternal Andalusian lines. The dramatic appearance of the Andalusian horse, with its arched neck, muscular build and energetic gaits, has made it a popular breed to use in film, particularly in historical and fantasy epics.
Andalusian's have been present in films ranging from Gladiator to Interview with a Vampire, and Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life to Brave heart. The horses have also been seen in such fantasy epics as The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, King Arthur, and The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe.
In 2006, a rearing Andalusian stallion, ridden by Spanish conquistador Don Juan de Oñate, was recreated as the largest bronze equine in the world. Measuring 36 feet (11 m) high, the statue currently stands in El Paso, Texas.