That rule has since been amended, although the only director who has received multiple nominations in the same year was Steven Lederberg for Erin Brockovich and Traffic in 2000, winning the award for the latter. The Academy Awards for BestDirector and Best Picture have been very closely linked throughout their history.
In the following table, the years are listed as per Academy convention, and generally correspond to the year of film release in Los Angeles County, California ; the ceremonies are always held the following year. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months from August 1 to July 31.
For the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932, to December 31, 1933. Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.
William Tyler has the most nominations with twelve, winning in 1942, 1946, and 1959. Billy Wilder (right) was nominated eight times, winning twice.
Five Asian directors (one Asian-American) have been nominated a total of seven times in this category, and two individuals have won the award (with Ang Lee winning twice). Six black directors have been nominated a total of six times in this category, and none have won the award.
Five Latin American directors have been nominated a total of eight times in this category, and three have won the award five times. Seven Oceanic directors have been nominated a total of eleven times in this category, and one has won the award.
Five female directors have been nominated in the category, and one has won the award. Twenty-six directors of non-English language films have been nominated a total of thirty-one times in this category, and three have won the award.
^ The 2nd Academy Awards is unique in being the only occasion where there were no official nominees. Subsequent research by AMPS has resulted in a list of unofficial or de facto nominees, based on records of which films were evaluated by the judges.
“Eight things every voter (and fan) should know about Oscar's decidedly unique nomination process”. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
^ “Coen brothers make Oscar history”. ^ Grouse 2005, p. 257 ^ Levy 2003, page 52 ^ “The 1st Academy Awards (1929) Nominees and Winners”.
' The Shape of Water' Wins Best Picture as Oscars Project Diversity”. ^ “Netflix's 'Roma' wins three Oscars, including Best Director (but not Best Picture)”.
Oscar's nominations 2018: Jordan Peele and Greta Ger wig's Best Director nods are a win for diversity and creativity”. “Greta Ger wig's 'Lady Bird' best director nomination is a huge deal”.
Awards of Merit Special awardsFormer awards Ceremonies ‡ ‡ Dates and years listed for each ceremony were the eligibility period of film release in Los Angeles County. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period was done on a seasonal basis, from August to July.
For the 6th ceremony, held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932, to December 31, 1933. From the 7th ceremony, held in 1935, through the 92nd ceremony, held in 2020, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.
For the 93rd ceremony, scheduled to be held in 2021, the eligibility period will last from January 1, 2021, to February 28, 2021.