A horse will eat about 3% of his body weight in feed daily. For example, a 1000 lb horse will eat 30 lbs of feed a day.
Horse weight measure tapes can be found a feed stores and tack shops. To determine how much to feed your horse, find out how much your equine weighs.
This gives you a starting point on how many horse food your critter will need. Less than half of the total food weight should be feed as horse grain.
Beet pulp is also an excellent, easy to digest, energy source that can be added to your horses diet. But grain is an essential part of a working horses diet.
Grain over doses can cause colic, equine founder or laminates in equines, and are a major cause of bone problems (epiphytes) in young growing horses. When in doubt, give small grain feed portions at first, say ½ pound, and then increase the amount slowly.
Give the least amount needed to meet the energy requirements of your horse. If you feed corn one month and rolled oats the next….take a weight measurement.
The major difference between them is taste, price and how easily they are digested. Horses will get the most energy and nutritional value from grains that are rolled, crimped or cracked.
Finely ground grains can cause digestive problems in horses. Try to limit sand ingestion by not feeding your horse grains or hay directly off the ground.
Rubber mats or even carpeting placed on the ground can act as a sand barrier. Horses tend to throw their feed around as they rummage for the good bits, so you'll need a good 8’ by 8’ of ground cover for your horse's feeding area.
Mold produces mycotoxins that can kill a horse. Galvanized garbage cans and steel barrels with tight-fitting lids make great grain storage containers.
That way you won’t just be guessing, you’ll know you have made the best horse feed choices! Pro's and con's of the various horse hay types and best feed practices.
They are healthy, filled with nutrients, and they allow horses to stay active all year round. If you are looking to raise a healthy horse, maintaining its weight and muscle tone must matter a great deal to you.
In this guide, we will go over some best horse feed for weight gain and give you guidelines to help you simplify the decision-making process. While regular hay mixed with legumes will do wonders for your favorite horse, it isn’t as impressive and as nourishing as professionally prepared equine feeds.
Some common sources include legumes, milk proteins, alfalfa meals, soybeans, linseed, cottonseeds, safflowers, and sunflowers. Since protein is essential for growth, it should make up a bulk of the nutrients in a horse feed designed for weight gain.
Starch or Carbohydrates The best feed for performance uses a mixture of oats, barley, hay, and beet pulp. Also, everyday foods like tomatoes, berries, and even apples contain antioxidants that can boost performance, increase the shelf life of the feed, and help horses fight off illnesses.
Older horses have a harder time digesting regular food like hay, feed and pasture. If you have an old mare, it’s vital to always opt for high fat, easily soluble feeds that are dedicated to senior equines.
Even though some items on this list aren’t technically horse feed, they are still fantastic for weight gain. Manna Pro is packed full of antioxidants and vitamins that smoothen the skin coat, increase hoof growth, and regulate your horse ’s digestion.
It comes in an easily digestible drilled powder form and is quite popular among older mares because of its taste. If you are particular about what kind of pastures your horse eats from, and you’re passionate about saving the environment, then you’ll love this product.
Most pastures simply don’t have the volume and quality of nutrients a growing horse needs. This product ensures that you don’t have to rely on feeds or any other form of processed forages for your horse ’s dietary needs.
Oasis Alfalfa pellets are the closest things to an all-inclusive all-natural meal that you’ll ever get at such a low price. It contains fiber, protein, minerals, vitamins, and Total Feeds’ proprietary ingredient, Totem.
Some of its other ingredients include alfalfa hay, dehydrated Alfalfa meal, Grain Sorghum, Bran, wheat Middling, and Soybeans. Purina True Choice helps horses maintain their weight and overall health.
This feed is not as easy on the horse ’s dentition as pelleted foods, but it can be as great-tasting and nutritious. When combined with an appropriate high-calorie diet, Formula 707 can be a powerful tool increases, or at least maintains the weight of your horse.
It contains vegetable fat, calcium, amino acids, and fibers, and it’s perfect for old horses. Formula 707 can increase your horse ’s metabolism, help it to retain muscle mass and boosts its strength.
Much of this feed’s actions are performed through the heavy doses of calories and fats in its ingredients. Purina Strategy Healthy Edge is an extremely balanced feed, and it could even potentially replace standard forages in your horse ’s diet.
It uses high fats and calories to boost metabolism and performance while helping the horse to put on weight. The fatty acids in this feed increase the coat shine and reduce the horse ’s chances of developing skin diseases.
Although it boosts weight gain, it has also been known to help improve coat health, increase metabolism, and reinforce the immune system. Horse Guard Glow has remarkable anti-inflammatory properties, and it is surprisingly light in starch and sugar.
This light carbohydrate makeup means that it is perfect for horses that have trouble regulating their blood sugar. Aside from the obvious nutritive value of this supplement, it can also provide relief from mild digestive issues.
Horse Hard Weight Gain Supplement contains lots of minerals, vitamins, probiotics, and it improves fur and skin health. The Purina Imogene 500 is a horse feed specifically designed for equine athletes.
It utilizes a unique blend of molasses and soy oil to achieve its fat and sugar-filled performance boosts. Purina Imogene 500 contains lots of healthy vitamins and minerals, and so, it provides a very balanced nutritional care for your horse, even though it’s a feed for weight gain.
Not only does it support weight gain it is also packed with other nutrients that are crucial to the health of your horse. The brief guidelines we discussed, in the beginning, can help you decide which feed type is best for your horse (Protein-packed, or rounded).
Once you find your perfect product, you can sit back and watch your horse gain weight. Today grain makes up a significant portion of horses’ diets.
The concentrate portion of the ration contains grains that are higher in energy and lower in fiber than roughage. Oats are the most popular and safest grain to feed to horses.
Bulk makes it more difficult for the horse to overeat and get colic or founder. Oats should be bought according to the least cost per unit of energy, provided they are clean and stored properly.
Oats should be cleaned to remove dirt, weeds, other seeds, and broken kernels. Barley is lower in fiber than oats and is classified as a “heavy” feed.
Barley is more energy dense and weighs more per unit of volume (48 pounds per bushel, or 22 kg) than oats. If the barley kernel is crushed or ground, it is too heavy and can cause colic unless mixed with a bulkier feed such as wheat bran.
Corn is one of the most energy-dense feeds and contains a high content of carbohydrate. Corn’s high energy content has led to it becoming known as “too hot” a feed for horses.
However, if the horse is fed to meet its energy requirement, corn is an excellent feed. Corn quality is judged by the moisture content and percentage of well-formed kernels.
If the corn passes through the small intestines too rapidly, it can lead to fermentation in the hind gut. Whole-ear ground corn can be fed to horses because the cob is high in fiber and low in energy.
Wheat is fed to horses more in the Southwest and Northwest than other parts of the country. By-products of the milling process, such as wheat bran, are most commonly fed to horses.
One popular way of feeding wheat bran is in the form of a mash. It is highly palatable and is frequently used to add bulk to a diet.
If wheat middling are fed to horses, they must be mixed with a bulky feed. Milo is a high-energy grain fed to horses primarily in the southwestern United States.
It needs to be cracked to make it easier for horses to chew and digest. It is a cheap source of energy, and it reduces dust in the feed.
Beet pulp can be dehydrated and used as a source of fiber and energy. It is relatively high in energy and calcium but low in protein, phosphorus, and B vitamins.
It contains no carotene or vitamin D. Beet pulp is included in many high-performance diets to help ensure adequate fiber intake while meeting energy needs. Other types of protein supplements can be used in horse rations, but soybean meal is by far the most popular.