I've used the Heroes (Hay cobs) from Kramer for years as treats in balls or via hand. Never in a feed as they're very compressed and hard, so they need to chew them, but the girls love them, and they really do take longer to get through them than they do others like Bailey High Fiber nuggets. Info on the packet: “Complete feed for horses | A quality product from Upper Bavaria in Germany a“ Compressed Hay Cobs (dust-free) made of the very best meadow grass from the Bavarian foothills.
As a complete feed in the case of unsatisfactory hay quality: Daily approx. Unless a product specifically claims to be low sugar and starch, you may not find this information on the feed bag.
The sugar and starch levels of Dengue’s fiber feeds can be found on the individual product pages on our website, under the analytical constituents tab. Whilst they don’t need a feed to supply energy or calories, a grass or forage only ration does not provide everything a horse needs.
Deficiencies are even greater if grazing or forage have to be restricted to facilitate weight loss and manage laminates risk. UK pastures and forage typically lack the trace minerals copper, selenium and zinc.
For the good do-er or overweight horse, the main reason to provide a bucket feed is to top up on nutrients naturally lacking in pasture and forage. Fortified feeds like Healthy Hooves Molasses Free are designed to provide a balanced ration when fed at the recommended quantity.
As well as supplying vitamins and minerals, a balancer also provides good quality protein such as lysine: an essential amino acid. The use of a feed balancer is particularly recommended for those that are having restricted grass access and soaked forage, as they could be lacking good quality protein.
This is because Performance+ Balancer has a higher specification of nutrients including lysine, which could be lacking in the diets of horses on very restricted rations. As a powder, Dengue’s Leisure and Performance Its & Min's need adding to a small amount of low calorie fiber feed such as Hi-fi Lite, or Hi-fi Molasses Free in order to act as a carrier.
Whilst the poor do-er has the same requirements for vitamins and minerals as the good do-er, they will need some extra energy or calories in order to maintain weight. Choose feeds that are low in sugar and starch, but provide digestible sources of fiber and added oil for extra energy.
Did you know that Dengue’s highest calorie fiber feed, Alfalfa Oil which combines alfalfa with a rapeseed oil coating, is suitable for laminates prone individuals that need help to maintain weight as it is naturally low in sugar, whilst providing as much energy as a conditioning mix or cube? Other products in the range including Alfalfa Molasses Free, Healthy Tummy, Alphabet and Alfalfa Pellets are also suitable.
Timeline Photos Nominations are open for the BETA Stubby England Nutritional Helpline of the Year Award Awarded to the feed or supplement manufacturer's technical helpline that offers the best service in nutritional advice and assistance to its customers.
Simply visit the link below to nominate via the online form, the deadline is November 20th. The Allen & Page Barley & Molasses Free Range can be viewed as a stepping stone range, from low energy feeds to high energy without containing barley, molasses, alfalfa or whole cereal grains.
All these feeds also contain a full range of vitamins and minerals to provide your horse or pony with a balanced diet. Depending on the horses' workload, condition and health throughout the year, moving up or down the Barley & Molasses Free Range can help to achieve an ideal body score and adequate energy levels.
In severe cases the coffin bone in the hoof can sink or rotate downward, potentially even puncturing the sole. One of the main reasons veterinarians, farriers, and owners alike use hoof boots is to improve the comfort of horses suffering from painful conditions such as laminates.
Essentially, although the horse might appear more comfortable, serious structural changes on the inside of his hoof can occur and ultimately lead to more severe problems and pain. Not all horses wear the same size or benefit from the same boot style, meaning veterinarians and farriers need a large inventory to manage patients, Farley said.
Farley noted that he views hoof boots as a temporary treatment for chronic laminates, mainly because of the need for intensive management. He cautioned that this type of endeavor takes an extremely dedicated and diligent owner who is willing to manage the boots and the horse’s environment.
Class I sand in turnout areas is ideal, he said, and don’t be afraid to give your patient a quiet friend such as a pony or goat to keep him company. Some modification methods include adding inserts, insoles, or hoof packing tailored to each horse’s individual needs.
He showed several other modifications to the bottom of the boot aimed at providing comfort and improving the health of the compromised hoof. Veterinarians and farriers use heel elevation to reduce the pull of the deep digital flexor tendon on the coffin bone and, consequently, the laminae.
He showed other methods to enhance break over, such as gluing shoes to the boot bottoms to create a rolled or rocketed toe. He gave attendees tips on how to best make such changes, but cautioned that extensive modification requires a boot with a perfect fit and a solid construction.
“It’s surprising how bad the mechanics can be radiographically” in some boots, even if they’re applied and fitted properly appear to relieve the horse’s hoof pain. The first prototype they developed had five sole options, ranging from heel wedges to clogs, which can be switched out with a screwdriver to meet a horse’s changing needs.
Farley encouraged practitioners and farriers in attendance to try their own boot modifications for chronic laminates by using shoes or approaches they are already comfortable with. First and foremost, we must identify at-risk horses and ponies, monitor them, and adjust how we manage them daily to help prevent this devastating hoof disease from developing.
Laminates is an inflammatory disease of the leaf like laminae that suspend the coffin bone within the foot. Achim, of Texas A&M University’s (Tame) College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, in College Station, was the study coordinator for the American Association of Equine Practitioners (4AEP) Foundation’s Laminates Research Working Group.
In the group’s four-year case-control study, veterinarians looked at 199 cases of laminates within four weeks of the onset of clinical signs. “What we found is obesity was one of the biggest risk factors,” says Coleman, who is an assistant professor of large animal internal medicine at Tame.
High body morphometrics, such as the body condition score and generalized and regional adiposity, already mentioned, along with larger neck circumference and decreased height (as in a pony); Recent diet or stabling changes; Exposure to lush pasture; Endocrine disease, such as pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (Paid, or equine Cushing’s disease) and equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) ; and Glucocorticoid administration, such as dexamethasone or prednisolone, within 30 days of the onset of clinical signs of laminates. “That study gives us further evidence that the hormonal situation of the horse is important to consider in terms of laminates risk,” says Nicholas Frank, DVD, PhD, Dial.
Other EMS clinical signs can include previous or current laminates ; obesity; abnormal reproductive cycles; and abnormal fat deposits on the neck, back, sheath, tail head, and above the eyes or as lumps along the body. Frank recommends owners have their veterinarians perform wellness evaluations on horses in any of these at-risk categories at least yearly and/or when management changes occur.
She advises owners to feed their at-risk or laminated horses according to the animals’ energy requirements and use without overfeeding. Most importantly, avoid diets high in nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC's) such as glucose, fructose, sucrose, lactose, and starch.
While many people recommend soaking hay and dumping the sugary water before feeding, the resulting reduction in water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC, composed of sugars and fractal) content varies, says Patricia Harris, MA, PhD, Vet MB, Dial. Soaking can cause nutrient and even dry matter loss, which is important for laminates -prone horses and/or those in a weight-loss program.
Frank also suggests owners offer a balanced vitamin/mineral supplement to those forage diets lacking nutrients. Frank suggests offering these calories via low-NSC complete feeds or fat sources.
Luck Equine Research Center at the University of Kentucky, presented at the 2017 Equine Endocrinology Group’s Summit, showed that supplementing 16 grams of an algal source of the omega-3 docosahexaenoic acid to horses with EMS for 46 days reduced inflammation and improved insulinemic responses. An abrupt change in a horse’s grass intake is another risk factor for developing laminates.
When it comes to preventing laminates, Harris says owners should be particularly careful when changing forage (fresh or preserved) types. Under such circumstances she recommends owners replace pasture with hay containing less than 10% WSC on a dry matter basis or use a suitable forage replaced to control calories and WSC intake while allowing horses to maintain their natural browsing (forage ingestion) behavior.
Frank says he rarely recommends keeping a horse in a stall because the isolation causes stress, which can raise insulin concentrations. Harris, Annette Longhand, PhD, DIC, and other British researchers have studied the benefits of a well-fitted grazing muzzle as part of a weight management program.
They found that WSC intake decreased significantly in muzzled vs. muzzled ponies during a three-hour turnout. It improved insulin sensitivity in those ponies using the dynamic feeder consistently and traveling more than 1.8 miles per day.
Lastly, Harris suggests monitoring affected and at-risk horses’ body condition scores regularly. Both Frank and Coleman are interested in investigating the intestinal tract’s role in laminates risk.
“Are there changes in the microbial population within the intestinal tract that play a role in the development of laminates and even in the exacerbation of hyperinsulinemia?” Frank says, adding that initial results from research in progress have shown some microbial differences between horses with EMS and those without.