logo
Archive

Diet For Weanling

author
Danielle Fletcher
• Wednesday, 20 October, 2021
• 7 min read

For estimating weight, measure around the heart girth and the length from point of shoulder to point buttock. You can track growth over time by checking your horse’s body weight with a scale or measuring tape. Plug these measurements into the body weight equation below to estimate your horse’s weight.

indices esculenta kidney functional diet effect based rats wistar weanling
(Source: www.researchgate.net)

Contents

Optimal growth Ideally, you should feed young horses to grow at a moderate, steady rate. The National Resource Council (NRC) recommends rates of average daily gain for horses.

Recommended average daily gain values for horses of different mature body weights range from 0.28 to 0.39 percent and 0.15 to 0.21 percent of the horse's body weight for weaklings and yearlings, respectively. Maximum growth Feeding a young horse for a maximum growth rate is undesirable because bone hardening lags greatly behind bone lengthening.

Ideally, young horses should gain weight at a rate that their developing bones can easily support. Growing bones don’t have the strength to support rapid weight gain from overfeeding, especially energy.

Rapid weight gain can also make other skeletal anomalies worse. In these cases the risk of developmental orthopedic disorders (DOD) and unsoundness increases.

For example, switching an underfed, slow growing horse to a good diet that allows quick growth, increases the risk of DOD. Weaklings and yearlings first use energy and nutrients to meet their maintenance needs.

dietary weanling rats rat effect weight male were body supplemented publication
(Source: www.researchgate.net)

Always provide horses free access to fresh, clean water. Young, growing horses need a diet ratio of Ca to P between 1 and 1 and 3 to 1.

Maximizing forage intake will mimic natural feeding behavior and bring about gut health. Thus, don’t rely on pasture alone to provide your young horse with all the nutrients they need.

Concentrates A horse’s ability to efficiently use forage develops over time. Only feed enough concentrates to achieve the desired growth rate and maintain a moderate body condition score.

Feed young horses to grow at a moderate and steady rate. Foals between the age of 3 and 9 months are at greatest risk for developmental orthopedic disorders.

Maximizing forage intake will mimic natural feeding behavior and bring about gut health. Nutrition is important for growing horses between weaning and 2 years of age.

(Source: www.agweb.com)

During this time, bone formation and size greatly increase as well as muscle mass. Thus, these horses need the proper amount and balance of energy and nutrients in their ration.

The two life stages that have the most intensive nutritional needs are mares in early lactation and weaklings. Nutrient dense diets are those that have high levels of protein/amino acids and minerals per calorie.

As you might expect, mineral requirements are extremely high during periods of rapid growth. If you really think about this, it is immediately clear that trying to feed weaklings the same diet being fed adults is going to be severely inadequate.

A six-month-old weaning requires 7% fewer calories than he will at maintenance at his full adult weight. It is well known that overfeeding in general is linked to early orthopedic problems across the board and high grain feeding rates put some horses at higher risk for osteochondrosis.

Going back then to the adult diet with modest levels of grain/concentrates and heavily based on forages, how can it be fortified for the weaning ? Assuming the adult diet meets minimum protein and mineral requirements, look for a supplement with about 25% protein, lysine minimum 1.5% and 5% calcium with a balanced mineral profile.

figure undernutrition hallmark steatosis hepatic supplementation prevents weanling fed kwashiorkor mice disturbance choline maize vegetable diet nutrients
(Source: www.mdpi.com)

Some diets have adequate trace minerals for the weaning but come up short in the critical nutrients for building bone. If that is your situation, a broad spectrum bone support supplement with calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and vitamins A and D will fill the gap.

If you are already feeding enough supplemental minerals across the board and don’t need to add more, it’s very useful to have an unfortified high protein source. If total protein is adequate but all or most from hay with unknown lysine content, supplement with an amino acid supplement containing 10 grams lysine and 2 grams throne per dose.

Finally, for fall and over the winter with no pasture available you need to think about essential fatty acids. Omega-3 fatty acids are fragile and largely destroyed when hay cures and during storage.

Adequate supply is required by the eyes, heart and may even influence disposition. Tweaking your diet to fill weaning needs is not terribly difficult or expensive, but the pay back in terms of growth, health and soundness can be enormous.

About Dr. Mellon Dr. Eleanor Mellon, staff veterinary specialist for McKee Health & Nutrition, is an established authority in the field of equine nutrition for over 30 years, and a founding member and leader of the Equine Bushings and Insulin Resistance (EMIR) group, whose mission is to improve the welfare of horses with metabolic disorders via integration of research and real-life clinical experience. Supports lean muscle mass, bone and joint structure, vital organ development, immune system function, and hoof and connective tissue health.

glucose metabolism exercise pregnancy weanling rats maternal during skeletal muscle diet effects fat
(Source: www.researchgate.net)

Combined with a complete spectrum of vitamins, minerals, and Probiotics in an easy to feed, dust-free pellet. Perfect for supplementing pregnant and lactating mares and developing foals that have significantly increased requirements.

Cocooned is a non-GMO and soy free formula that supplies fatty acids in the ideal ratio that mimics the ratio of 4 to 1 Omega-3 to Omega-6 fatty acids found in fresh forages. Weaklings have intensive nutritional needs, and you shouldn’t start feeding them like a smaller version of an adult.

Nutrient dense diets are those that have high levels of protein/amino acids and minerals per calorie. As you might expect, mineral requirements are extremely high during periods of rapid growth.

If you really think about this it is immediately clear that trying to feed weaklings the same diet as adults is going to be severely inadequate. A 6 month-old weaning requires 7% fewer calories than he will at maintenance at this full adult weight.

If you are already feeding supplemental minerals and don’t need to add more, it’s very useful to have an supplemented high protein source. Finally, for late Fall and over the Winter when no pasture is available you need to think about essential fatty acids.

hay balancer supplement grass diet horse dr
(Source: haybalancer.com)

Omega-3 fatty acids are fragile and largely destroyed when hay cures and during storage. Adequate supply is required by the eyes, heart and may even influence disposition.

Tweaking your diet to fill weaning needs is not terribly difficult or expensive, but the pay back in terms of growth, health and soundness can be enormous. Eleanor Mellon is the Staff Veterinary Specialist for McKee Health and Nutrition.

The two life stages that have the most intensive nutritional needs are mares in early lactation and weaklings. Nutrient dense diets are those that have high levels of protein/amino acids and minerals per calorie.

As you might expect, mineral requirements are extremely high during periods of rapid growth. If you really think about this, it is immediately clear that trying to feed weaklings the same diet being fed adults is going to be severely inadequate.

A 6 month-old weaning requires 7% fewer calories than he will at maintenance at his full adult weight. It is well known that overfeeding in general is linked to early orthopedic problems across the board and high grain feeding rates put some horses at higher risk for osteochondrosis.

fed rats ingredient basal amount composition diet
(Source: www.researchgate.net)

Going back then to the adult diet with modest levels of grain/concentrates and heavily based on forages, how can it be fortified for the weaning ? Some diets have adequate trace minerals for the weaning but come up short in the critical nutrients for building bone.

If that is your situation, a broad spectrum bone support supplement with calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and vitamins A and D will fill the gap. If you are already feeding enough supplemental minerals across the board and don’t need to add more, it’s very useful to have an unfortified high protein source.

If total protein is adequate but all or most from hay with unknown lysine content, supplement with an amino acid supplement containing 10 grams lysine and 2 grams throne per dose. Finally, for fall and over the winter with no pasture available you need to think about essential fatty acids.

Omega-3 fatty acids are fragile and largely destroyed when hay cures and during storage. Adequate supply is required by the eyes, heart and may even influence disposition.

Tweaking your diet to fill weaning needs is not terribly difficult or expensive, but the pay back in terms of growth, health and soundness can be enormous.

weaning mums foods
(Source: blog.easypeasyapp.com)

Other Articles You Might Be Interested In

01: Charger For Jetson Rogue Hoverboard
02: Charlie Horse When Pregnant
03: Cheats For Horse Riding Tales
04: Cheats For Rogue Assault
05: Cheats For Rogue Galaxy
06: Cheat For Tow Truck In Gta 5
07: Checklist For Truck Inspection
08: Check What Bit Your Computer Is
09: Check Which Bit Version Of Python
10: Check Which Bit Version Of Windows
Sources
1 www.lifewire.com - https://www.lifewire.com/am-i-running-a-32-bit-or-64-bit-version-of-windows-2624475
2 support.microsoft.com - https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/which-version-of-windows-operating-system-am-i-running-628bec99-476a-2c13-5296-9dd081cdd808
3 www.howtogeek.com - https://www.howtogeek.com/howto/21726/how-do-i-know-if-im-running-32-bit-or-64-bit-windows-answers/
4 www.computerhope.com - https://www.computerhope.com/issues/ch001121.htm
5 www.techjunkie.com - https://www.techjunkie.com/check-windows-10-32-64-bit/
6 www.windows-commandline.com - https://www.windows-commandline.com/check-windows-32-bit-64-bit-command-line/
7 www.howtogeek.com - https://www.howtogeek.com/236195/how-to-find-out-which-build-and-version-of-windows-10-you-have/