One corral already is in use on the Route 19 site, but it supplies water for the Jeffries well pad in North Streisand. A choir (; also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.
Most choirs are led by a conductor, who leads the performances with arm and face gestures. A body of singers who perform together as a group is called a choir or chorus.
Choirs may sing without instrumental accompaniment, with the accompaniment of a piano or pipe organ, with a small ensemble (e.g., harpsichord, cello and double bass for a Baroque piece), or with a full orchestra of 70 to 100 musicians. In typical 18th- to 21st-century oratorios and masses, chorus or choir is usually understood to imply more than one singer per part, in contrast to the quartet of soloists also featured in these works.
Hymn tune of a Lutheran hymn (e.g. the melody of “Cachet AUF, rift us die Time”), or a tune in a similar format (e.g. one of the themes in the Finale of Saint-Saëns's Third Symphony) This music was partially based on established melodies of church hymns and known secular songs.
By the end of the century a four-part setting for SATB voices had become the standard for the choral settings, while the congregational singing of chorales was verging towards monody with an instrumental accompaniment. The prolific creation of new Lutheran chorale tunes ended around the same time.
After the introduction in Lutheran churches, in the early 18th century, of the cantata genre, originally only consisting of recitatives and arias, the format was soon expanded with choral movements in the form of four-part chorales. Composers such as Johann Sebastian Bach and Gottfried Heinrich Stolen placed these chorales often as a concluding movement at the end of their church compositions.
The chorale as conclusion was emulated in more secular genres such as Romantic 19th-century symphonies. A musical composition consisting of or resembling a harmonized version of a chorale.
The area occupied by singers; the part of the chancel between sanctuary and nave We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad.
Prayer doesn't cost you anything, the results are based on the request s agreement with the perfect divine plan, and it can have eternal benefits. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience.
Please add askdifference.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your ad blocking software. Is that choral is variant spelling of chorale while coral is (uncountable) a hard substance made of the limestone skeletons of marine polyps.
(historical) A piece of coral, usually fitted with small bells and other appurtenances, used by children as a plaything. In certain modern usage, this term may include classical settings of such hymns and works of a similar character.
The words to which they are sung are generally to a rhyming scheme and are in a strophic form. Within a verse, many chorales follow the AAB pattern of melody that is known as the German bar form.
For other chorales he used Gregorian chant melodies used in Catholic worship and fitted them with a new German text. A famous example is Christ lag in Codes Baden, which is based on the tune of the Catholic Easter Sequence Victim Paschal Lauded.
‘Not only does Long Beach boast an eclectic art scene, the city is home to world-class art museums, internationally renowned theater companies, its own symphony orchestra, opera company and master chorale.’ ‘Together the chorale perform a wide repertoire of classical music from Bach, Handel and Vivaldi as well as traditional spiritual and Filipino pieces, several a cappella works and well known songs of praise.’ ‘As the group's mission statement states, ‘the Eastern Youth Chorale is a movement of young people pursuing musical excellence,’ and their aim is to groom young singers for the adult chorale.’ ‘One chorister, who had previously sung in both the choir and the chorale formed a point of connection between groups, but there was little, if any, direct interaction.’ Mid 19th century from German Choral (gang), translating medieval Latin cactus chorales.
A symbol used in musical notation indicating to gradually quicken tempo. To be effective in solo singing, accents must usually be subtle.
Music that is played as background to a solo singer or lead instrumentalist A portion of an opera or musical designated by the composer, which has a dramatic structure of its own.
At liberty; the performer decides how to sing or play the respective section or notes Common term used to describe the part of the larynx (voice box) which protrudes from the front of the neck.
The Lowest female voice part in a choir group Usually used as accompaniment for a song, for example, broken chords most commonly on the 1st, 3rd, 5th and 8th notes of an octave.
An agent who represents artists by publicizing their talents, finding roles for them, negotiating their contracts and handling other business matters for them. A stylistic technique where the singer is either ahead or behind the beat, on purpose.
Characterized by emotional, flowery music; written in strict form. A short stick that the conductor uses to lead the orchestra or choir.
An Italian phrase literally meaning “beautiful singing.” A traditional Italian style of singing that emphasizes tone, phrasing, coloratura passages and technique. Originally a term applied to female voices only: “This is a loud, driving sound that is produced by pushing the natural chest register beyond its normal limits.
Although the original terminology didn’t include men, male singers can also belt. In solo singing, the smooth transition between the head and chest voice.
This is done by encouraging singers to listen to each other and modify their voice accordingly to sound like what is being produced by everyone else. The sudden change in tone between the head and chest voice, caused by vocal tension.
Efficient use of the singer’s stream of breath, controlled primarily by the diaphragm. Literally, a form of applause when shouted by members of the audience at the end of an especially pleasing performance.
Strictly speaking, “bravo” is for a single man,” brava” for a woman, and “brave” for a group of performers. The term bridge is also used to describe moving from one voice register to another.
Initially an improvised cadence by a soloist; later becoming an elaborate and written out passage in an aria or concerto, featuring the skills of an instrumentalist or vocalist. Musical form where a melody or phrase is imitated by individual instrument or voice parts at various intervals of the song.
A style of singing which is characterized by the easy and flowing tone of the composition. Male singers who were castrated to preserve their alto and soprano vocal range.
A short and simple melody performed by a soloist that is part of a larger piece. It now usually refers to the opening, slow section of a two part aria.
When singing in the chest voice, the vocal cords become naturally thick, and the resulting sound is generally associated with deep, warm tones. The voice-pedagogy term that is used universally to refer to the balancing of the light or clear (Chiara) and dark (occur) aspects of timbre, or balancing tonal brilliance and depth of the resonance.
A group of singers in a chorus with 3 or 4 notes sung simultaneously in specific harmony. Originally refers to a German Protestant hymn tune.
A group of singers, singing together, who sometimes portray servants, party guests or other unnamed characters; also the music written for them. The one in charge of choosing chorus members and rehearsing them for performance.
A group of people hired to sit in the audience and either applaud enthusiastically to ensure success or whistle and boo to create a disaster. In past years, leading singers were sometimes blackmailed to pay a claque to ensure that liqueurs would not create a disturbance.
The period of music history which dates from the mid 1800s and lasted about sixty years. Elaborate ornamentation of vocal music written using many fast notes and trills.
Can also refer to a Soprano voice suited for such coloration or ornamentation. A type of comic opera popular in Italy in the 16th to 18th centuries that involved improvisation using stock characters and gestures.
With training and practice this higher range, similar to that of a woman’s alto, becomes the natural voice. The name given to an understudy in opera; someone who replaces a singer in case of illness or other misfortune.
A musical term for dynamics direction; gradually getting louder or a swelling of sound. A signal to a singer or orchestra member to begin singing or playing.
The dome shaped muscle attached to the bottom of the lungs that separates your chest and stomach cavities. Different types of music may require more or less diction; for example, in musical theater, it’s essential that the audience understand the lyrics, but in jazz or blues, the singer may occasionally slur words on purpose in order to achieve a desired sound.
Literally “goddess,” it refers to an important female opera star. The first beat in a measure as conducted by the leader of an ensemble is called the downbeat.
A type of singing that is heavier than “lyric,” often accompanied by more focus on acting than on making a “pretty” sound. While sometimes it is necessary to stop for corrections, an attempt is made to make it as much as a final performance as possible.
Dull, monotonous tone such as a humming or buzzing sound. Additional song(s) played at the end of a recital responding to the audiences enthusiastic reaction to the performance, shown by continuous applause after the last song of a concert or performance.
The first section of a movement written in sonata form, introducing the melodies and themes. Atonal and violent style used as a means of evoking heightened emotions and states of mind.
In male singers, a high register (actually, sung in the female range) similar to the head voice. A symbol that tells the performer to hold a tone or rest for as long as they like, beyond the written note value.
Singing that is forced may sound strained, and is accompanied by unnecessary tension in the throat. Beginning with the exposition, each voice enters at different times, creating counterpoint with one another.
As loud as a person can sing without creating imbalance between airflow and vocal cord tension. Word to indicate that the movement or entire composition is to be played grandly.
Word to indicate the movement or entire composition is to be played very slow and serious. Word to indicate the movement or entire composition is to be played gracefully.
Collected during the Reign of Pope Gregory VIII for psalms and other parts of the church service. The vibration of a soundwave which is bounced around the structures of your head such as sinuses, nasal cavities and mouth to create a better sounding note.
Head voice is usually associated with lighter, brighter and higher notes. The higher part of the vocal register, which resonates around the structures of your head such as sinuses, nasal cavities and mouth.
Head voice is usually associated with lighter, brighter and higher notes. Imagery may also be used to help a singer achieve better vocal technique.
Short movement or interlude connecting the main parts of the composition. A break, usually of about 20 minutes, between the acts of an opera, musical or show, during which the audience is free to move around.
A music entertainment where the singer sings along to a pre-recorded track and follows the lyrics on a video screen. A combination of sharps and flats to indicate the pitch of a piece of music.
The structure at the top of your trachea (windpipe) made up of cartilages, ligaments and muscles. Inside, attached from front to back are your vocal cords.
Word to indicate that the movement or entire composition is to be sung or played smoothly as though all the notes were tied together. This is a very short solo that is performed to a complicated and fast melody during a little break in the song.
Curved line connecting notes to be sung or played as a phrase. One who designs and coordinates the light changes that help create a show’s overall effect.
A secular vocal music composition of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras. An opera in which there are many magical effects and often animals appearing on stage.
Often the plot of a magic opera involves the rescue of one of the major characters. Music that is written using the major key has a positive or happy character.
The area around and including the eyes which is often used to create head resonance. The singing of a single syllable of text whilst moving to several notes in succession.
In a technique which originated with the French; short passages of music alternating with spoken words. A mechanical or electrical instrument that makes repeated clicking sound at an adjustable pace.
Think of it as adjusting the balance of treble and bass on your sound system and is achieved by resonance and voice placement. Music that is written using the minor key has a negative or sad character and can be identified by the dark, melancholic mood.
Slow and stately dance music written in triple time. It is where we mix the elements of head and chest voice to create a better sound.
Think of it as adjusting the balance of treble and bass on your sound system and is achieved by resonance and voice placement. The other modes used in music theory are: Ionian, Dorian, Phrygia, Lydian, Mixolydian, Eolian, Dorian.
An identifiable succession of musical sounds, but shorter than a complete melody. When the voice is focused purely around the nose and nasal area.
A type of polyp on the vocal cords that prohibits good singing. When vocal cords get irritated (from fatigue, poor technique, an infection, etc.
Singing repeatedly with swollen vocal cords causes nodes. If you have frequent hoarseness or a constant sore throat, see one immediately.
Treatment is usually rest, although surgery may be required in severe cases. An opera composed of individual numbers, such as recitative, arias, duets, ensembles, etc.
In opera, singing is the way characters express feeling; as it often takes longer to say something in music than it would in speech, the action may seem delayed or even interrupted. Like a play, an opera is acted out on a stage with performers in costumes, wigs and makeup; virtually all operatic characters sing their lines, although there are exceptions for a role that is spoken or performed in pantomime.
A large group of instrumentalists playing together, led by the conductor, accompany the singers. This requires a complete knowledge of instrumentals and their timbre, range, etc.
Taking a huge breath in and then constricting the lungs, making it difficult to sustain a note. Harmonic singing from the throat, in which the singer manipulates the resonances created as air travels from the lungs through the vocal cords and out of the lips to produce a melody.
Notes are often shortened, and the ends of phrases often have a downward inflection, simulating natural English speech. Rex Harrison was a master of this technique and used it in his role in My Fair Lady, among other musicals.
Patter also refers to the brief periods in- between songs where a singer talks to the audience. Natural phrasing will include “stops” after all periods, commas, semicolons, or colons.
Additional phrasing may be necessary for the singer to take catch breaths or to achieve a certain style. It’s an excellent idea for singers to sit down with sheet music in hand and mark their phrasing before they begin to sing.
This helps prevent unexpected losses of breath and awkward phrasing that draws attention to itself. A line in a contrapuntal work performed by an individual voice or instrument.
The parts of a singing voice where register transitions occur. Phrases are formed through different inflections extremely similar to natural speech, however these may vary slightly depending on the genre or style of music being sung.
A sunken area in front of the stage where the members of the orchestra play. A singing technique that uses the sensation of vibrations in the head to achieve healthy sound that resonates and carries well.
A mild glissando (sliding from one pitch to another) between two notes for an expressive effect. Literally “first lady;” the leading woman singer in an opera.
Because of the way some have behaved in the past, it often refers to someone who acts in a superior and demanding fashion. The administrator responsible for coordinating the sets, costumes, rehearsal facilities and all physical aspects of a production.
The strength of singing whereby the voice is used loudly and clearly, so it can be heard by the audience. To help a singer remember lines, some opera houses will place a person (prompter) in a box below and at the very front of the stage.
Placement of the note and vowel, diaphragmatic control and vocal cords energized yet relaxed. A group of four musicians performing a piece of music written for four parts.
A group of five musicians performing a piece of music written for five parts. A range of tones produced in the human voice by the vibrations of the vocal folds.
They frequently coach singers in their roles and assist with orchestra rehearsals. To repeat a previous part of a composition generally after other music has been played.
The amplification of the vibrations that create tone through and within your mouth, throat, sinuses and nasal passages. To stop playing or singing for the specific note duration.
Usually created by a machine, or mixing desk, it gives the voice more color, tone and presence. The element of music pertaining to time, played as a grouping of notes into accented and unaccented beats.
A musical form where the principal theme is repeated several times. The rondo was often used for the final movements of classical sonata form works.
It is a style where the strict tempo is temporarily abandoned for a more emotional tone. Musical term referring to successive notes of a key or mode that are either ascending or descending in a specific defined pattern.
Scooping was the prominent feature of “crooners” in the 1920s-50s; Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, and Perry Como were among the singers famous for this style. Literally “a scene;” a dramatic episode which consists of a variety of numbers with a common theme.
A typical scene might consist of a recitative, a Catalina and a Canaletto. Pertaining to the sonata form, a fast movement in triple time.
Half of a tone; the basic pitch unit of the classical music system. Located at the center and base of the ribs, the soft part just above the stomach.
A sequence of songs, perhaps on a single theme, or with texts by one poet, or having continuous narrative. The highest female voice with a range extending from middle C to the C two octaves above it.
If an actor stays upstage, all the others have to turn their backs to the audience when speaking to him. The person in charge of the technical aspects of the entire opera, including light changes, sound effects, entrances (even of the conductor) and everything else that happens.
One who works behind-the-scenes setting up lighting, props, rigging, scenery and special effects for a production. Staggered breathing is a technique used in choirs where there is an extremely long phrase in a piece of music.
This is where singers in the same part take short breaths at different times to their neighbor, to create the illusion that the overall sound created by the choir is one single unbroken line. Made up of five horizontal parallel lines and the spaces between them on which musical notation is written. Indicating their pitch or key.
A musical interval between pitches (such as C–D or C–BY) comprising two semitones or two half steps. Pertaining to the fugue, the overlapping of the same theme or motif by two or more voices a few beats apart.
Sustaining is a breathing technique, which allows a vocalist’s sound to stay consistent throughout a phrase. It involves tensing the abdominal muscles around the diaphragm and controlling the air flow as the sound is produced.
It is often overlooked outside classical music, however it is an extremely important technique in any genre if you want your overall tone to sound consistent. A combination of two or more staves on which all the notes are vertically aligned and performed simultaneously in differing registers and instruments.
It means texture and defines the average pitch level that most frequently occurs within a given piece. Tone color and quality of sound that distinguishes an instrument or singer from another.
A numerical symbol at the start of a song or music score, indicating the number of beats to a measure or bar. The quality of your voice that results from the resonance reinforcement of the tone initially produced in your larynx.
Every voice has a specific color, which can be described as warm, dark, light or heavy. Two singers singing exactly the same notes will sound completely different to each other.
Can also refer to the quality which affect the mood, expression or feelings. A sign that indicates the G above middle C, placed on the second line of the staff; Also known as the G clef.
The raising and lowering a pitch of an instrument to produce the correct tone of a note. A natural wavering pulsating change of pitch to accent expression in a piece while singing a note.
The voice is alternating subtly and very quickly between two different pitches that are very close together. The larynx and diaphragm both play a part in contributing to the vibrations.
The best singers have full control over their vibrato and use it to accent certain words or phrases for dramatic or emotional effect. Direction to performer to play a composition in a brisk, lively, and spirited manner.
Elastic bands of muscles found inside the larynx (or voice box), which sits within the windpipe. They are fixed at one end and open and close due to adjustments in tension.
As air passes through, it causes them to vibrate producing sound. The change of closure and vibrating length affects the pitch and intensity of your tone.
A low creaky vibration caused by fluttering vocal cords or informally known as the ‘Husky Voice’. While all singers have a different natural timbre, creating new timbres with the help of different registers help give a much bigger variety to a singer’s sound.
Typically, a warm up consists of vocal exercises, such as running scales. It may also include warming up the body with stretches to relieve tension and help wake the sense, with special emphasis on the jaw, tongue, and lips.
A form of singing that involves repeated and rapid changes of pitch and alternation between the normal voice and falsetto.