Question: What device, released in 1993, gave rise to the term personal digital assistant ? Answer: A mouse allows a computer user to move to different parts of the screen without a keyboard.
Answer: The acronym FTP stands for file transfer protocol, which was first proposed in the 1970s and made an international standard in 1985. Unsuspecting computer users often can unknowingly install the Trojan application through e-mail attachments or Web downloads.
Question: What was the name of the chess-playing computer that made history when it defeated world champion Garry Kasparov in 1996? Answer: Deep Blue was a computer chess-playing system designed by IBM in the early 1990s.
Answer: ENAC, which stands for Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, was the first programmable general-purpose electronic digital computer, built by the United States during World War II. Answer: American mathematician and computer scientist John McCarthy coined the term “artificial intelligence” in 1955.
Answer: In 1964, Seymour Cray designed the CDC 6600 as the fastest computer on Earth; it could successfully execute three million floating-point operations per second (FLOPS). Answer: A small firm named ITS made the first personal computer, the Altair.
Answer: The first cell phone to feature the Android operating system was the T-Mobile G1, released on October 22, 2008. Answer: Nicklaus With developed Pascal, a computer programming language, about 1970.
It emphasizes the orderly use of conditional and loop control structures without GOT statements. Answer: FORTRAN (Formula Translation) is a computer-programming language created in 1957 by John Backus.
Perils was awarded for “his influence in the area of advanced programming techniques and compiler construction.” Question: Which of these was the first large-scale electronic computer? Answer: Colossus was the first large-scale electronic computer, which went into operation in 1944 at Britain’s wartime code-breaking headquarters at Bletchley Park.
Answer: British computer software engineer David Ca miner developed (with hardware designer John Pinkerton) the world’s first business computer, LEO (Lyons Electronic Office). LEO revolutionized the speed and accuracy with which routine business data could be processed.
Answer: American electrical engineer Paul Barn invented the distributed network and, contemporaneously with British computer scientist Donald Davies, of data packet switching across distributed networks. Modems thus make it possible for established telecommunications media to support a wide variety of data communication.
Answer: Carnivore, also called DCS1000, is a controversial software surveillance system that was developed by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The FBI used the system to search the e-mail and other Internet activity of identified criminal suspects during investigations circa 2000–02.
Answer: English mathematician Ada Lovelace has been called the first computer programmer. She was an associate of Charles Babbage, for whose prototype of a digital computer she created a program in the 19th century.
Question: What coding issue was projected to create havoc in computer networks around the world in 2000? After more than a year of international alarm, few major failures occurred in the transition from December 31, 1999, to January 1, 2000.
Answer: GIF (graphics interchange format) is a digital file format that was devised in 1987 by the Internet service provider CompuServe as a means of reducing the size of images and short animations. Answer: David Karl, an American Web developer and entrepreneur, founded the blogging site Tumblr in 2007.
Answer: Wi-Fi is a networking technology that uses radio waves to allow high-speed data transfer over short distances. Question: The computer programming language used for typesetting technical documents is called: Answer: LaTeX is a computer programming language used for typesetting technical documents.
It is a free software package that was created in 1985 by the American computer scientist Leslie Lam port as an addition to the TeX typesetting system. Answer: Microsoft Corporation was founded by Bill Gates and Paul G. Allen in 1975.
Answer: Julian Assange is an Australian computer programmer who founded the media organization WikiLeaks in 2006 to serve as a clearinghouse for sensitive or classified documents. Through WikiLeaks, Passage released thousands of internal or classified documents from an assortment of government and corporate entities.
Early tablet computers used either a keyboard or a stylus to input information, but these methods were subsequently displaced by touch screens. Answer: DNS stands for domain name system, a network service that converts between the World Wide Web “name” addresses and numeric Internet addresses.
It originated as American engineer Ivan Sutherland’s doctoral thesis project in the early 1960s and was one of the first graphical user interfaces. The company is best known for its Oracle database software, a relational database management system, and for computer systems and software, such as Polaris and Java, acquired in its purchase of Sun Microsystems in 2010.
Answer: A domain name is the address of a computer, organization, or other entity on a TCP/IP network such as the Internet. Answer: Malware denotes a malicious computer program; examples include viruses, Trojans, spyware, and worms.
SQL works by providing a way for programmers and other computer users to get desired information from a database using something resembling normal English. Answer: An integrated circuit is an assembly of electronic components, fabricated as a single unit, in which miniaturized active devices and passive devices and their interconnections are built up on a thin substrate of semiconductor material.
Answer: Grace Hopper, an American mathematician and rear admiral in the U.S. Navy, was a pioneer in developing computer technology and is known for coining the term “bug” to refer to unexplained computer failures. Answer: A byte is the basic unit of information in computer storage and processing.